Presentation on theme: "Slavery: from the beginning zExisted in most societies zprisoners of war zcriminals zdebtors zNot hereditary zNot for a lifetime zoften married & became."— Presentation transcript:
Slavery: from the beginning zExisted in most societies zprisoners of war zcriminals zdebtors zNot hereditary zNot for a lifetime zoften married & became part o/t community
The Slave Trade zAtlantic Slave Trade zAfrican Slave Trade z“commerce” (trade) in human beings. zCHATTEL
Prince Henry of Portugal z Why did Prince Henry have the West coast of Africa explored in the late 1400s? z 1. z 2.
“Commerce in Human Beings” zWhat led to the demand of slaves in the New World?
The HEIGHT of the Slave Trade z 1700s: @60,000 Africans were enslaved a year z huge PROFITS $$$$ z RACISM took root z slaves traded for guns z the “Middle Passage”
The Middle Passage
Ending the Slave Trade z1700s: the Abolitionist Movement zThe Quaker’s were leading Abolitionists zOlaudah Equiano and Frederick Douglass were both freed slaves who were instrumental in exposing the evils of the slave trade z1807: British outlaw the Slave Trade z1834: British outlaw Slavery itself z1865: American Civil War ended slavery in the USA
Ending the Slave Trade zOlaudah Equianoz Frederick Douglass
Effects of the Slave Trade zAfrican Diaspora: 10-15 million Africans were enslaved. z20-30 million Africans were killed. Why? zWhole villages were wiped out: ymass starvation ymurdered or enslaved ygenocide zExchanging slaves for guns allowed for the rise of some powerful African states
Back to Africa Movement z1787: SIERRA LEONE was founded by former slaves from England z1847: LIBERIA was founded by former slave from the USA
Slave Castles “The door of no return”
Names of Slave Ships z Amistad: “friendship” z Angel z Grace of God z Freedom z Liberty SCHOONER
Using the graphs on pg. 96, answer the following: zWhat percentage of slaves were brought to the USA? zWhere were the majority of slaves taken to? zWhy were so many slaves brought to the Caribbean? zBtwn what years was the Slave Trade at its height? zWhy such a drop after this period?