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Light House Activities In Myanmar (2009 – 2012) Aye Aye Mar Work Group Leader (LPCEWG & PPWG)

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Presentation on theme: "Light House Activities In Myanmar (2009 – 2012) Aye Aye Mar Work Group Leader (LPCEWG & PPWG)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Light House Activities In Myanmar (2009 – 2012) Aye Aye Mar Work Group Leader (LPCEWG & PPWG)

2 IMOP Phase IV Integration of Four Work Groups as Light House PSWG -Productivity & Sustainability Work Group LPCEWG -Labor Productivity, Community & Ecology Work Group WSWG -Water Saving Work Group PPWG -Post Production Work Group Period – Dec, 2009 to Dec, 2012

3 Sr.RegionTownshipSeasonSowing Acre 1YangonHleguSummer Rice1 acre 2AyeyarwaddyPatheinSummer Rice5 acres 3 KyaiklattMonsoon Rice5 acres 4 MyaungmyaMonsoon Rice5 acres 5West- BagoPyaySummer Rice5 acres 6 LetpantanSummer Rice5 acres 7 ThayarwadySummer Rice5 acres 8MandalayPatheingyiSummer Rice5 acres 9 MattayaSummer Rice5 acres 10 AmarapuraSummer Rice5 acres 11SagaingMonywaSummer Rice5 acres 12 Shwe BoSummer Rice5 acres 13 WetlettSummer Rice5 acres Townships1361 acres Table 1. Activity sites of Light House Program

4 Activities of light House Program The activities of field groups were site selection, implementation of technologies, collecting field data for pre and post project implementation, field inspection and training of farmers and training of trainers.

5 Implemented Activities 1.Discussed with township managers, plant protection staff & work groups before starting the implementations in all project sites. 2. Selected technologies integration plots (2.5ha each) (Light House) in 13 project sites. Then selected another five plots (0.405 ha/ 1acre each) from neighboring farms for farmer’s practices. 3.Made land preparation and using good quality varieties/seeds, optimal seed rates (1-2 baskets = kg) using Vietnam drum seeder and direct seeding line sowing method.

6 Implemented Activities (continued) 4.Used NPK Fertilizers at recommended rates. 5.Applied timely and correctly used of pre or post emergence herbicides application due to the type of weeds infestation in different locations. 6. Checked weed characterization at 30 DAS in each site. Rooted up the weeds in 5 plots (1 sq m each), cut above the root, and identified & weighed each weed species and recorded.

7 Implemented Activities (continued) 7.Implimented alternate wetting and drying method by using perched tube, especially in project sites where water scarcity problem was faced. 8.Placed lower half portion of Perched tube at the average level of the plot and removed the soil inside the perched tube. Made irrigation only when there were no water left inside the tube and recorded the frequency of irrigation and cost of fuel.

8 Implemented Activities (continued) 9. At the harvest time, following proper post harvest management was done in project sites. -Correct time of harvesting, -threshing by using thresher, -proper sun drying and -hermetic sealed storage.

9 Table 2. Drum seeder application (Direct seeding method) for 2009 to 2012 ActivitiesLocation Area (ac)SiteArea (ac)Site Drum Seeder Application Yangon Bago Ayeyarwady Mandalay Sagaing4005>10005 Total LPCEWG

10 Fig 1. Wet Weeds weight observed from Light house and Farmers of 13 townships 2011

11 Fig 2. Grain Yield compared between Light house and Farmers of 12 townships 2011

12 Table 2. Different Yield and Different yield % of Lighthouse and farmer Practices in Twelve Townships ( )

13 TownshipLight house Basket/acre Farmer practices Basket/acre Yield difference Basket/acre Yield difference % ShweBo Wetlett Monywa Letpantan Pyay Thayawaddy MyaungMya Amayapuya Mattaya Patheingyi Table 3. Different Yield and Different yield % of Lighthouse and farmer Practices in Twelve Townships ( )

14 Activities of LPCEWG

15 Activities of AWD (Water Saving Work Group) The individual activity of AWD was implemented only 5 townships due to adaptable project location.

16 DatePersonVisit sitesRemarks Dr Grant Singleton (IRRC Coordinator) Dr.D avid Edward Johnson (LPCEWG Leader) Mr.Martin Gummert (PPWG Leader) Yangon, Ayeyawaddy, Naypyitaw 2011 plan meeting, Field trip Pathein Post Harvest Training at CARTC (Hlegu) 2011 Dr Grant Singleton IRRC Coordinator Dr. David Edward Johnson LPCEWG Leader Yangon, Ayeyawaddy, Naypyitaw to Dr Grant Singleton IRRC Coordinator Mr. Martin Gummert PPWG Leader Yangon, Ayeyawaddy, Naypyitaw Meeting with Deputy Minister at Naypyitaw, Meeting at PPD Field trip to Ayeyarwady Division to Dr Grant Singleton IRRC Coorditnator Dr. David Edward Johnson LPCEWG Leader Yangon, Ayeyawaddy, Naypyitaw Meeting with field group leaders, township manager, Field trip to Ayeyawaddy Division Table 4. IRRI Scientists Visit

17 IMOP meeting at Naypyitaw poster presentation at 3 rd International Rice Congress b) 4344 The Effects of Hermetic Storage System and Use of Super Bags on Seed and Grain Quality of Crops as a Proper Process of Post Harvest Technology in Myanmar a) 4702 GRAIN YIELD LOSSES DUE TO WEEDS IN DIRECT SEEDED RICE IN MYANMAR

18 Three days IWM TOT training,CARTC Hlegu (2011) & Participants

19 Weed & Integrated Weed Management Training. Weed & Integrated Weed Management Training. Training of weed management were implemented at CARTC for TOT and direct conduct trainings at project sites. 1. Weed Identification in Rice 2. Weed and Weed Management of Rice in Myanmar 3. Weed characterization and yield loss Assessment 4. Research experiences on weed and weed control 5. Herbicide application and calculation of herbicide 6. Practical exercise on collection and mounting

20 IWM Training Participants (2012)

21 Direct conduct Weed Management Training at Sagaing Weed classification and mounting Lecture Calibration and Calculation for herbicides application

22 Opening and Closing Ceremony of TOT training (CARTC, Hlegu) ( to )

23 YearNo of leaflets or brochures Total number distributed No of posters Total number distributed No of fields days Total number of farmers attending /viewing Table 5. No of distributed Papers & Posters and Field days & total Farmers

24 Recommendations Vietnam drum seeder application with herbicides using become more properly among the farmers. - Require more providing of drum seeder for poor farmers; -Training and educating for the correct & safety use of herbicides should be accelerated; - Import and providing fertilizer by multiple ways; -Joint ventures should be fulfill the fertilizer market requirements; -More training and demonstration of SSNM technology should be carried out under integration of LH activities. Korea moisture meter has been already provided to some townships in upper Myanmar by JICA project. -Farmers cannot properly use it and poor knowledge of not only materials but also technology; -Instead of providing moisture meters (3 units for each township in Mandalay and Sagaing Regions),1 unit for each township from other State and Region will more benefic for farmers. Recommendations Vietnam drum seeder application with herbicides using become more properly among the farmers. - Require more providing of drum seeder for poor farmers; -Training and educating for the correct & safety use of herbicides should be accelerated; - Import and providing fertilizer by multiple ways; -Joint ventures should be fulfill the fertilizer market requirements; -More training and demonstration of SSNM technology should be carried out under integration of LH activities. Korea moisture meter has been already provided to some townships in upper Myanmar by JICA project. -Farmers cannot properly use it and poor knowledge of not only materials but also technology; -Instead of providing moisture meters (3 units for each township in Mandalay and Sagaing Regions),1 unit for each township from other State and Region will more benefic for farmers.

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