Presentation on theme: "The Impact of an Urban Renewal Programme on the Inhabitants of Alexandra, Johannesburg, South Africa."— Presentation transcript:
The Impact of an Urban Renewal Programme on the Inhabitants of Alexandra, Johannesburg, South Africa
Introduction Development and location of Alexandra Urban renewal in Alexandra Demographic attributes of the interviewees Satisfaction levels on basic services Reasons for dissatisfaction with basic services Response of ARP to grievances Concluding remarks
Urbanization in South Africa has surpassed the investment in infrastructure and services (particularly in poor areas). The spatial legacy of Apartheid has also resulted in a concentration of poverty in townships. The ANC government has initiated a number programmes to alleviate the associated problems. In 2001 the Urban Renewal Programme was introduced by president Mbeki. This programme was to be implemented in eight nodes in six cities (Johannesburg, Cape Town, Durban, East London, Port Elizabeth and Kimberly)
Alexandra was established in Named after the owner of the original farm. The non-white township, consisting of approximately stands, was sold to black and coloureds in the mid-1910s. The township is situated on an area of land, approximately 12 km north-east of CBD of Johannesburg. It has a grid layout and is densely-settled, with and estimated to inhabitants. Comprises of formal houses, shacks, 3 hostels, flats. The township has serious service backlog. Alexandra has a high unemployment and crime rate.
Residential areas of Alexandra Tswe’tla/Old Alexandra (poorest and most densely populated); East Bank (redeveloped in the 1980s); Tsutsumani (initially called Far East Bank); and River Park (middle-income community). The first steps towards urban renewal were taken in 1999 when Far East Bank was redeveloped for the All-Africa Games (renamed Tsutsumani) This area now accommodates free-standing, semi-detached and simplex housing units. These houses are currently occupied by those people who had previously been on a housing waiting list.
East Bank River Park Tsutsumani Tswe’tla Average Educational Qualifications ≤ Grade % 26.7% 66.7%40% 50% Grade 1220% 40% 13.3%60% 33.3% Tertiary qualification13.3% 33.3% 20%0% 16.7% Employment Employed40% 53.3% 66.7%80% 60% Unemployed60% 46.7% 33.3%20% 40% Income per month < R % 66.7% 40%40% 56.7% R1 500 – R % 6.7% 33.3%20% 18.3% R2 501 – R % 0% 0%26.7% 8.3% > R % 26.7% 26.7%13.3% 16.7%
East Bank River Park Tsutsumani Tswe’tla Average Sanitation Satisfied67% 40%80% 0%46.8% Neutral0% 20% 0% 0% 5% Dissatisfied33% 40%20% 100%48.2% Water Supply Satisfied60% 80%67% 0%51.8% Neutral 7% 0%0% 0% 1.8% Dissatisfied33% 20%33% 100%46.5% Electricity Satisfied33% 47%27% 0%26.8% Neutral13% 0%0% 0% 3.3% Dissatisfied53% 53%73% 100%69.8%
East Bank River Park Tsutsumani Tswe’tla Average Housing Satisfied20% 53% 40%0%28.3% Neutral 0% 0% 0%0% 0% Dissatisfied80% 47% 60%100%71.8% Health Services Satisfied33% 40% 40%0%28.2% Neutral27% 0% 0%0% 6.8% Dissatisfied40% 60% 60%100% 65% Educational Facilities Satisfied33% 60% 47%0%35% Neutral20% 20% 53%0%23.3% Dissatisfied47% 20% 0%100%41.7% Recreational Facilities Satisfied33% 20% 33.3%0%21.6% Neutral27% 40% 33.3%0%25% Dissatisfied40% 40% 33.3%100%53.3%
The interviewees complained about leaking drains. They have reported it to the ARP-Management, but the problem persists. The residents in River Park and Tsutsumani reported that they were frustrated about the water bills they were receiving. The price and availability of electricity. The interviewees argued that the municipality cuts electricity without notification, which put their electrical appliances at risk. The interviewees claim that there are a lot of discrepancies surrounding the allocation of houses. Interviewees complained about the distances to health facilities and the poor services they receive.
The deputy director of the ARP claims that housing units were built. The ARP does not receive sufficient funding, which makes it difficult for this programme to attain its housing objectives. The constant influx of people into Alexandra has put the provision of houses and other services under strain. The ARP has refurbished 4 primary clinics and acquired an ambulance for the area. ARP refurbished 18 schools, two existing schools were demolished and new structures constructed. ARP claims that sports grounds and parks have been improved and upgraded (No 3 Square, Altreck Sports Grounds, Alexandra Stadium).
It seems that high levels of dissatisfaction or neutrality prevails towards the URP in Alexandra. High levels of dissatisfaction exists in respect to the provision of services (electricity, health services and housing). Interviewees felt that management of ARP/the Government is not doing enough to meet their expectations. Visually it seems that urban renewal in Alexandra is a symbol of success. The ARP has dramatically changed the physical, economic and social environment in some areas of Alexandra.