Presentation on theme: "Training of Trainers on Enhancing Women Participation under Mahatma Gandhi NREGA."— Presentation transcript:
Training of Trainers on Enhancing Women Participation under Mahatma Gandhi NREGA
Object of the programme –Effective convergence of Mahatma Gandhi NREGA & National Rural Livelihood Mission. –Encourage every Self Help Group for ensuring 100% registration of its members under Mahatma Gandhi NREGA. –Encourage the Self Help Groups to ensure 100 days of work for the families of their members registered under Mahatma Gandhi NREGA. –Inclusion of SHG members, completing at least 15 days employment under Mahatma Gandhi NREGA, under the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojna (RSBY) in the forthcoming year (2014-15).
–Ensure facilitation of registration of demand and issue of dated receipts to wage seekers. –Effectively use SHG to propagate the basic messages of the Mahatma Gandhi NREGA. –Effectively conduct Muster Roll Verification. –Effective implementation of Nursery Raising schemes.
NATIONAL RURAL LIVELIHOODS MISSION
OUR BELIEF the poor have a strong desire and innate capabilities to come out of poverty
OUR CHALLENGE to unleash their innate capabilities to generate meaningful livelihoods, which enable them to come out of poverty
HOW TO INITIATE ? motivating them to form their own institutions. Their true potential is realized when they are provided sufficient capacities to manage the external environment and easy access to finance, and are enabled to expand their skills and assets and convert them into meaningful livelihoods
MAHATMA GANDHI NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GURANTEE ACT, 2005
DIRECTIVE to provide at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work
OUR GOAL Social protection for the most vulnerable people living in rural India by providing employment opportunities Livelihood security for the poor through creation of durable assets, improved water security, soil conservation and higher land productivity Empowerment of the socially disadvantaged, especially women, Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs), through the processes of a rights-based legislation Strengthening decentralized, participatory planning through convergence of various anti- poverty and livelihoods initiatives
HOW TO INITIATE The MGNREGA provides a legal guarantee for wage employment. It is a demand-driven programme where provision of work is triggered by the demand for work by wage- seekers.
CONVERGENCE TO COME, TO WORK & TO FINISH TOGETHER FOR A COMMON CAUSE
HERE THE COMMON CAUSE IS POVERTY ALLEVIATION
WHAT’S THE METHOD ? ENHANCING LIVELIHOOD OPPURTUNITIES
NRLM WORKS WITH SELF HELP GROUPS
WHAT MGNREGA HAVE FOR SELF HELP GROUP ?
SELF HELP GROUPS UNDER MGNREGA 1.ARE RAISING NURSERY 2.ARE CONDUCTING MUSTER ROLL VERIFICATION
MUSTER ROLL VERIFICATION As per Memo No. 4186/RD/P/NREGA/18S-01/08 dated 30- 06-2009 of the Principal Secretary, P&RD, Govt. of WB “Cluster / Sub – Cluster / SHG (Grade I) could be engaged for conduct of Muster Roll Verification”
CONDITIONS The Cluster / Sub – Cluster / SHG selected for the verification work will get the work done through its members only. Selected members should have passed Class X or at least Class VIII. Members engaged as Supervisors will not be eligible. Concerned Cluster / Sub – Cluster / SHG will be paid @ ` 1.50 for each entry of verified Muster Roll.
The Cluster / Sub – Cluster / SHG so entrusted with the Muster Roll Verification work will give the list of their members who will be involved in the process to the Gram Panchayat. The Programme Officer will obtain the list from the Gram Panchayat for organizing their training.
Muster Roll Verification Sheet - 1 Block.......... Gram Panchayat............. Implementing Agency.......... Work started on (Date)............ Work completed on (Date).......... Name of the SHG.................. Scheme Name & Code No................ Total Muster Roll used............. Muster Roll No......................... Sl. No. Name of the Worker Job Card No. Male/Fe male First Week....................to.......................... Total Labours......................... Second Week....................to.......................... Total Labours......................... Third Week....................to.......................... Total Labours......................... Fourth Week....................to.......................... Total Labours......................... MR No. Days of work Total Wag e paid MR No. Days of work Total Wag e paid MR No. Days of work Tota l Wa ge paid MR No. Day s of wor k Total Wage paid Total
Muster Roll Verification Sheet - 2 Sl. No. Name of the Worker Job Card No. Male/Fe male As per Muster RollAs per Labour Statement As per Job Card & Pass Book Remarks Days of work Total Wage paid Days of work Total Wage paid Days of work Total Wage paid Is there any disparity? If yes, give details. (use sheet if necessary) Total Signature of the members of SHGs with date
WHAT MORE MAHATMA GANDHI NREGA HAVE FOR THE SELF HELP GROUP ?
SCHEMES SUPPORTING ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES CREATION OF BASIC ASSETS UNDER MAHATMA GANDHI NREGA FOR TAKING UP OF SCHEMES UNDER NRLM EXAMPLE 1: For SHG members engaged in cattle breeding, labour under MGNREGS can be utilized for construction of cattle shed, raising of cattle feed etc, although there is no scope for purchase of cattle from the fund.
EXAMPLE 2 Water body on the land owned or taken on lease by the SHGs may be excavated under Mahatma Gandhi NREGS and the same could be utilized for Pisciculture.
EXAMPLE 3 FRUIT PLANTATION ON THE LAND OWNED OR TAKEN ON LEASE BY THE SELF HELP GROUP MAY BE TAKEN UP UNDER MAHATMA GANDHI NREGA PROVIDED THE LEASE IS ON LONG – TERM BASIS (PREFERABLY FOR 25 YEARS AND NOT LESS THAN 5 YEARS AT LEAST)
SUCCESS STORY of 13 Shabar families of Bankura who by cultivating mango trees in an orchard on leased land found hope of generating livelihood
The land was completely barren and land development under Mahatma Gandhi NREGS raised hope and ultimately could change the meaning of life for the Shabar families united under the banner of Lipidiri Lodda Shabar Self-help Group. This has not only given the families hope of self-reliance, this has empowered them to take on the challenges of livelihood generation in their own hands. The land was completely barren and land development under Mahatma Gandhi NREGS raised hope and ultimately could change the meaning of life for the Shabar families united under the banner of Lipidiri Lodda Shabar Self-help Group. This has not only given the families hope of self-reliance, this has empowered them to take on the challenges of livelihood generation in their own hands. Mahatma Gandhi NREGS Mahatma Gandhi NREGS
EXAMPLE 4 Vermi-composting uses earthworms to turn organic wastes into very high quality compost. In ideal conditions worms can produce at least their own weight of organic matter in a day. The micro-organisms in the worm casts promote healthy plant growth.
REGISTRATION OF DEMAND MEMBERS OF SELF HELP GROUPS ARE NOW AUTHORIZED TO KEEP THE MAHATMA GANDHI NREGA DEMAND FORM “FORM 4A”. MEMBERS OF SELF HELP GROUPS ARE NOW AUTHORIZED TO RECEIVE THE WORK DEMAND FORM FROM WAGE SEEKERS MEMBERS OF SELF HELP GROUPS ARE NOW AUTHORIZED TO ISSUE DATED RECEIPTS TO THE WAGE SEEKER AGAINST EVERY DEMAND RECEIVED
AWARENESS GENERATION SELF HELP GROUPS COULD PLAY KEY ROLE IN PROPAGATING THE RIGHTS ASPECT OF THE ACT & THE SCHEME
LABOUR GROUPS IF THE WAGE SEEKERS ARE ORGANIZED INTO GROUPS THEY MAY BE PROVIDED WITH A PLATFORM FOR ARTICULATING THE COLLECTIVE VOICE & DEMAND OF THE WAGE SEEKERS. MEMBERS OF SELF HELP GROUPS ARE WAGE SEEKERS UNDER MAHATMA GANDHI NREGA AND ARE ORGANIZED. ELIGIBILITY ONLY WORKERS WHO HAVE PUT IN 10 DAYS OF WORK DURING THE PREVIOUS YEAR ARE ELIGIBLE TO BE A MEMBER OF LABOUR GROUP UNDER MAHATMA GANDHI NREGA.
OBJECTIVES OF LABOUR GROUP 1.Raising of demand for work and ensuring that it is provided on time, during the period required. 2.Improve planning for local employment to maximize work from existing sources and then adding on the MGNREGS entitlement of 100 days to fill gaps. 3.Collectively accessing different work opportunities in and around the village. 4.Improving work site environment and facilities. 5.Interacting with MGNREGS functionaries and sorting out different issues especially in getting grievances redressed. 6.Ensuring that all the process and providers of MGNREGS are adhered to and the entitlements are provided.
7.Bringing about a culture of mutual help while carrying out different tasks related to their work. 8.Building awareness on different developmental and legal entitlements and developing capacity to access them. 9.Enabling raising of the collective voice of the poor in various local participatory fora especially the Grama Sabha. 10.Inducing a process of skill-development so that over a period of time the workers can move out of manual labour into semiskilled and skilled work. 11.Developing social capital and the capacity for local public action. 12.Strengthening in Social Audit.
FUNCTIONS OF LABOUR GROUPS 1.Ensure that the entitlements of MGNREGA are accessed in letter and spirit. 2.Ensure that the quality of work is to the desired level. 3.Motivate every worker to put in her best effort. 4.Guard against malpractices and bring to the notice of authorities any malpractices. 5.Collectively take up grievances.
SELF HELP GROUPS THUS COULD WORK UNDER MAHATMA GANDHI NREGA COULD PROPAGATE MESSAGE ON ASPECTS OF MAHATMA GANDHI NREGA COULD FACILITATE REGISTRATION OF DEMAND UNDER MAHATMA GANDHI NREGA COULD FACILITATE MONITORING UNDER MAHATMA GANDHI NREGA
Let us be a synergic team… To come together is beginning To work together is progress To finish together is success LET US COME, WORK & FINISH TOGETHER
DO REMEMBER……. Where the poor participate as subjects and not as objects of the development process, it is possible to generate growth, human development and equity
NURSERY RAISING A Livelihood Opportunity Nursery raising is associated with MGNREGA from its very onset. Here work is provided to the women members of SHG under sector 2 i.e drought proofing. These schemes are taken up by almost all the blocks. Nursery schemes has given the rural women an opportunity to change their lives as they become financially independent,have the opportunity to work collectively and utilize the wages received in their need and utilize their share of the produce. Nursery raising is associated with MGNREGA from its very onset. Here work is provided to the women members of SHG under sector 2 i.e drought proofing. These schemes are taken up by almost all the blocks. Nursery schemes has given the rural women an opportunity to change their lives as they become financially independent,have the opportunity to work collectively and utilize the wages received in their need and utilize their share of the produce.
Prerequisites : 1. Selection of species: Select the species according to demand, future utility. 2. Ensure that the SHG members are job card holders and having account in bank/post office. 3. Utilisation plan in advance: Proper utilization of the ready saplings is very important.
Prerequisites : 4. Awareness among the SHG members. Awareness among the SHG members:- 1.SHG s should be made aware of the of the different aspect of NREGA, starting from placing demand in 4(A), muster roll preparation etc. 2.They should be encouraged to utilize their 25% share productively which will give earnings in future. For eg. : If a certain SHG has its own land, they may be encouraged to go for block plantation with forest varieties which require very less care, and will yield good amount of timber in future. The money earned this way will be distributed among the members of the same SHG.
Horticultural crops 1.Horticulture on public land is permissible,where saplings required will be raised by SHGs. 2. SHGs having own or leased land on long term basis preferably for 25 years and not less than 5years can grow horticultural crops. For eg :lemon garden Select a garden-Go for air layering of lemon –Raise the saplings- distributed to individuals, schools, clubs etc. –Plantation schemes for SHGs, IBS etc. Select a garden-Go for air layering of lemon –Raise the saplings- distributed to individuals, schools, clubs etc. –Plantation schemes for SHGs, IBS etc.
Horticultural crops Benefits of such a project:- 1. Fruit bearing,hence will generate income. 2. As vegetative propagated saplings so fruit will come very early. 3. Market is good 4. In the following years only maintenance is required. 5. In certain blocks it can act as live fencing which will generate income as well as restrict the movement of elephants 5. In certain blocks it can act as live fencing which will generate income as well as restrict the movement of elephants.
Horticultural crops Intercropping: In our districts certain blocks for eg. Falakata is having beneficiaries with areca nut garden. They may be encouraged to go for intercropping with black pepper plants, saplings raised SHGs under MGNREGA, which will yield extra income for them.
Social forestry schemes: Social forestry schemes may be taken up in all the blocks. Saplings required may be obtained from the SHGs, prior planning should be made for the same before head. SHGs may be engaged for these schemes for planting as well as maintenance. According to the letter from Commissioner, MGNREGA, vide memo no. 2755(20)comm./ NREGA, Dated:25.04.13, there is no objection if maintenance is extended for eighteen months following 6 months of project intervention. Moreover,although live fencing is advocated, there is no objection if labour intensive bamboo made gabion structures are used for fencing as well
Multiple activities for the SHGs: SHG s should be encouraged to go for multiple activities, rather them occupying them only to nursery raising like :- 1.Vermicompost making. 2.Azolla culture preparation. 3.Preparation of liquid manure called amrit pani
Azolla Culture Azolla is an easy to use nutritional supplement for cattle.It has high protein content. Azolla can be mixed with concentrates or can be given directly to livestock.It can even be fed to poultry,sheep,goat,pigs and rabbits. 1.A pit size of 2m×2m×0.2m is dug. 2.The bottom of the pit is covered with plastic gunnies. 3.10-15 kgs of seived soil is spread over the plastic sheet. 4.Slurry made of 2kgcowdung+30gm super phosphate+10lts of water. 5.Add more water to as the level is increased to 10cm. 6.Add 500gm-to1kg fresh azolla is introduced. 7.500-600gms of Azolla can be harvested daily after 10-15 days. 8.The cost of the pit should be withinRs 2000.00 9.The ratio of wage : Material is 15:85.
Sanjeevak or Amrit pani The low cost and effective method has immense potential to improve nutrition. 1.Take a pit 1m×1m×1m. 2.Add 50kg cowdung+20lt cattle urine+1kg jaggery+1kg chickpea+1000lts of water. 3.Stir the mixture 3 times a day 4.After 7 days fermentation,the liquid manure is diluted and applied on the field. 5.It can be used in vegetable plots and kitchen gardens. 6.The unit cost of sanjeevak is pit is around rs 2000.00 7.The unskilled : Material ratio is 30:70 8.A maximum of 3 sanjeevak pits will be constructed per selected household under MGNREGA.