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Fundamentals of Healthcare Reform Walter Coleman WV/PA HFMA September 25, 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "Fundamentals of Healthcare Reform Walter Coleman WV/PA HFMA September 25, 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fundamentals of Healthcare Reform Walter Coleman WV/PA HFMA September 25, 2014

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4 How about efficiency?

5 Waste in the System

6 Industry Tipping Point 6 Revenue Time How do local market conditions impact timing considerations? Can market-changing events create an urgent paradigm shift? What is my step-change business model risk? Do I have the financial tools to adequately analyze relevant states?

7 Healthcare Performance Program Umbrella Value Based Purchasing Readmission Reduction Program Hospital Acquired Conditions Bundled Payment Hospital Inpatient Quality Reporting Program ACO Medicare Shared Savings Program

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9 VALUE BASED PURCHASING Mandatory Element of Reform

10 Value Based Purchasing Overview MANDATORY – we have no choice

11 VBP Example $33,333,333 Medicare Reimbursement Amount mandated to pay for participation

12 VBP Example $33,333,333 Medicare Reimbursement

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14 Amount mandated to pay for participation

15 VBP Example $33,333,333 Medicare Reimbursement

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17 Value Based Purchasing Outcomes = Income Mandatory Pay for Performance Program –3,500 hospitals are included in this program across the country Reimbursement Determine Two Ways: –Achievement How we compare to National Top Decile (350 Hospitals) –Improvement How we measure against ourselves Did we do better than a previously measured baseline period

18 Value Based Purchasing Percent of Medicare Reimbursement at Risk FY 2013 – 1.00% FY 2014 – 1.25% FY 2015 – 1.50% FY 2016 – 1.75% FY 2017 – 2.00% FY 2018 – 2.00% FY 2019 – 2.00% FY 20xx – refers to the Federal Fiscal Year (Oct. 1 – Sep. 30) when DRG payments will be affected

19 NEW MEASURES Value Based Purchasing

20 VBP FY 2016 – New Measures Patient Experience –No Change – Same HCAHPS Measures Core Measures –5 Dropped; 1 New Outcomes –3 New Measures Efficiency –No Change

21 VBP FY 2016 – New Measures Patient Experience –No Change – Same HCAHPS Measures Core Measures –5 Dropped; 1 New Outcomes –3 New Measures Efficiency –No Change

22 VBP – FY 2016 – Patient Experience HCAHPS –Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers Survey –An engagement survey CMS has mandated each hospital give to every discharged inpatient –Consists of 27 questions that lead to the 8 categories assessed for VBP –Patients score each question on scale of 4 –For answers to count, patients must give hospitals a score of 4 or “Always”

23 VBP FY 2016 – Patient Experience Communication with Nurses Communication with Doctors Responsiveness of Hospital Staff Pain Management Communication about Medicines Cleanliness and Quietness of Hospital Discharge Information Overall Rating of Hospital

24 VBP FY 2016 – New Measures Patient Experience –No Change – Same HCAHPS Measures Core Measures –5 Dropped; 1 New Outcomes –3 New Measures Efficiency –No Change

25 VBP FY 2015 – Core Measures AMI-7a AMI-8a HF-1 PN-3b PN-6 SCIP-Inf-1 SCIP-Inf-2 SCIP-Inf-3 SCIP-Inf-4 SCIP-Inf-9 SCIP-Card-2 SCIP-VTE-2

26 VBP FY 2016 – Core Measures AMI-7a PN-6 SCIP-Inf-2 SCIP-Inf-3 SCIP-Inf-9 SCIP-Card-2 SCIP-VTE-2 IMM-2 Note: IMM-2 Performance Period is only 6 MONTHS (Two 3 Month Periods) January 1, 2014 – March 31, 2014 AND October 1, 2014 – December 31, 2014

27 VBP FY 2016 – Core Measures Measure IDBenchmark AMI-7a100% IMM % PN-6100% SCIP-Inf-2100% SCIP-Inf-3100% SCIP-Inf-9100% SCIP-Card-2100% SCIP-VTE-2100%

28 VBP FY 2016 – Core Measures AMI-7a PN-6 SCIP-Inf-2 SCIP-Inf-3 SCIP-Inf-9 SCIP-Card-2 SCIP-VTE-2 IMM-2

29 VBP FY 2017 – Clinical Care: Process AMI-7a IMM-2 PC-01 PC-01 = Elective Delivery Prior to 39 Completed Weeks Gestation

30 VBP FY 2016 – New Measures Patient Experience –No Change – Same HCAHPS Measures Core Measures –5 Dropped; 1 New Outcomes –3 New Measures Efficiency –No Change

31 VBP FY 2015 – Outcomes 30 Day Mortality – AMI 30 Day Mortality – HF 30 Day Mortality – PN AHRQ – PSI-90 CLABSI

32 VBP FY 2016 – Outcomes 30 Day Mortality – AMI 30 Day Mortality – HF 30 Day Mortality – PN AHRQ – PSI-90 CLABSI CAUTI SSI – Colon SSI – Abdominal Hysterectomy

33 VBP FY 2016 – Outcomes Measure IDBenchmark CAUTI0.000 CLABSI0.000 Surgical Site Infection Colon0.000 Abdominal Hysterectomy 0.000

34 VBP FY 2016 – Outcomes Outcomes 30 Day Mortality – AMI 30 Day Mortality – HF 30 Day Mortality – PN AHRQ – PSI-90 CLABSI CAUTI SSI-Colon SSI-Abdominal Hyster.

35 VBP FY 2017 – Clinical Care and Safety Clinical Care- Outcomes 30 Day Mortality – AMI 30 Day Mortality – HF 30 Day Mortality – PN AHRQ – PSI-90 CLABSI CAUTI SSI-Colon SSI-Abdominal Hyster. Safety MRSA C. Diff

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37 Outcomes – 30 Day Mortality Currently in 3 Performance Periods FY 2016 ended June 30, 2014 FY 2019 began July 1, Day Mortality Measures –Assess deaths: AMI, HF, and PN that occur within 30 days after admission; which, depending on the length of stay, may occur post- discharge….

38 CMS 30 Day Risk-Standardized Mortality Rate Calculation Facility Predicted Deaths Facility Expected Deaths X Measure (AMI, HF, PN) National Crude Rate =

39 VBP FY 2016 – New Measures Patient Experience –No Change – Same HCAHPS Measures Core Measures –5 Dropped; 1 New Outcomes –3 New Measures Efficiency –No Change

40 VBP FY Efficiency Medicare Spend Per Beneficiary (MSPB) –Captures total Medicare Spending Per Beneficiary relative to a hospital stay, bundling hospital sources (Part A) with post acute care (Part B) –Bundles the cost of care delivered to a beneficiary for an episode across the continuum of care: 3 Days Prior Hospital Inpatient Stay 30 Days post Discharge

41 PROPOSED MSPB Measures Additional Efficiency Measures proposed to be added Risk Adjusted similarly to MSPB Proposed to facilitate alignment with the Physician Value Based Payment Modifier program Includes Part A and B and 3 days prior to admission and 30 days post discharge 41 MedicalSurgical Kidney/Urinary Tract Infection Hip replacement/revision CellulitisKnee replacement/revision Gastrointestinal hemorrhage Lumbar spine fusion/refusion SOURCE: May 1, 2014 Federal Register

42 VBP Shifting of Domain Weights FY 2013FY 2014FY 2015FY 2016 Core Measures Patient ExperienceEfficiency (MSPB) Outcomes

43 VBP – FY13 Domain Weights Performance Period: July 1, 2011 – March 31, 2012 Reimbursement Period: October 1, 2012 – September 30, 2013 Core Measures = 70%

44 VBP – FY14 Domain Weights Performance Period: April 1, 2012 – December 31, 2012 Reimbursement Period: October 1, 2013 – September 30, 2014 Core Measures = 45%Outcomes = 25%

45 VBP – FY15 Domain Weights Performance Period: January 1, 2013 – December 31, 2013 Reimbursement Period: October 1, 2014 – September 30, 2015 HCAHPS = 30% Outcomes = 30% MSPB = 20% One Measure!! Core Measures = 20%

46 VBP – FY16 Domain Weights Performance Period: January 1, 2014 – December 31, 2014 Reimbursement Period: October 1, 2015 – September 30, 2016 HCAHPS = 25% Outcomes = 40% MSPB = 25% Core Measures = 10%

47 47 HCAHPS = 25% Safety = 20% MSPB = 25% Clinical Care - Process = 5% Clinical Care - Outcomes = 25% VBP – FY17 Domain Weights Performance Period: January 1, 2015 – December 31, 2015 Reimbursement Period: October 1, 2016 – September 30, 2017

48 Crosswalk from FY 16 to FY 17 MeasurePrior Domain (FY’16)NQS Domain (FY’17) Core MeasuresClinical Process of CareClinical Care- Process HCAHPSPatient Experience of CarePatient & Caregiver Centered Experience of Care/Care Coordination CAUTI/CLABSI/SSIOutcomesSafety Mortality – 3 diagnosesOutcomesClinical Care- Outcomes PSI- 90OutcomesSafety Medicare Spend Per BeneficiaryEfficiencyEfficiency & Cost Reduction

49 ANALYZING VALUE BASED PURCHASING PERFORMANCE Fundamentals of Healthcare Reform

50 System was penalized $376,003 in FY’15 VBP Program Must acknowledge the amount UNEARNED Of the programs dollars made available: –System did not capitalize on $6,187,541

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53 READMISSION REDUCTION PROGRAM Mandatory Element of Reform

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55 Readmission Reduction Program 9% of Current and Future Medicare Reimbursement at Risk –3% penalty of Medicare Reimbursement at risk each program year –Measured Populations 30 days from DISCHARGE AMI, HF, PN, COPD, THA & TKA August 2014: CABG Added to FY 2017 Performance Periods: 3 Year Rolling Program –FY’15: July 1, 2010 – June 30, 2013 – 3% –FY’16: July 1, 2011 – June 30, 2014 – 3% –FY’17: July 1, 2012 – June 30, 2015 – 3% –FY’18: July 1, 2013 – June 30, 2016 – 3% –FY’19: July 1, 2014 – June 30, 2017 – 3% Currently participating in 3 performance periods simultaneously

56 How are Readmissions Measured? Scoring Index based at 1.0 Calculate Excess Readmission Ratio Excess Readmission Ratio > 1 = BAD Excess Readmission Ratio < 1 = GOOD Facility Predicted Value Facility Expected Value

57 HOSPITAL ACQUIRED CONDITIONS Mandatory Element of Reform

58 Hospital Acquired Conditions (1% at Risk*) 12 Hospital Acquired Conditions Identified –Divided in to 2 Domains If a hospital is in the BOTTOM QUARTILE (worst performing 25% in the country), it will be penalized a FULL 1% of Medicare Reimbursement Penalties will begin FY’15 (beginning October 1, 2014) *1% After DSH, Uncompensated Care, and IME

59 Hospital Acquired Conditions: FY 2015 First Domain: PSIs Performance Period: 7/1/11-6/30/13 Second Domain: CDC Performance Period: CY 2012 & 2013 Pressure Ulcer RateCLABSI Iatrogenic Pneumothorax RateCAUTI Central Venous Catheter-Related Bloodstream Infections Postoperative Hip Fracture Postoperative Pulmonary Embolism and Deep Vein Thrombosis Rate Postoperative Sepsis Postoperative Wound Dehiscence

60 HAC Domain Weightings: FY’15 DOMAIN 1: 35% DOMAIN 2: 65%

61 Hospital Acquired Conditions: FY 2016 First Domain: PSIs 25% Second Domain: CDC 75% Pressure Ulcer RateCLABSI Iatrogenic Pneumothorax RateCAUTI Central Venous Catheter-Related Bloodstream Infections SSI Following Colon Surgery (FY 2016) Postoperative Hip FractureSSI Following Abdominal Hysterectomy (FY 2016) Postoperative Pulmonary Embolism and Deep Vein Thrombosis Rate Postoperative Sepsis Postoperative Wound Dehiscence

62 HAC Domain Weightings: FY’15 DOMAIN 1: 25% DOMAIN 2: 75%

63 Hospital Acquired Conditions: FY 2017 First Domain: PSIs 25% Second Domain: CDC 75% Pressure Ulcer RateCLABSI Iatrogenic Pneumothorax RateCAUTI Central Venous Catheter-Related Bloodstream Infections SSI Following Colon Surgery (FY 2016) Postoperative Hip FractureSSI Following Abdominal Hysterectomy (FY 2016) Postoperative Pulmonary Embolism and Deep Vein Thrombosis Rate Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) Bacteremia (FY 2017) Postoperative SepsisClostridium Difficile (FY 2017) Postoperative Wound Dehiscence

64 Duplicate Measures 64

65 Penalties & Your DRG Payment

66 CURRENT DOLLARS AT RISK SAMPLE $50,000,000 FACILITY Mandatory Elements of Reform

67 VBP FY 2016 – Sample Current $$ at Risk

68 VBP – Sample Total Current $$ at Risk

69 All Reform – Sample Total Current $$ at Risk

70 OPPORTUNITIES Mandatory Elements of Reform

71 New NQS Based Domains for FY HCAHPS = 25% Safety = 20% MSPB = 25% Clinical Care - Process = 5% Clinical Care - Outcomes = 25%

72 50% of VBP is Mortality and MSPB 72 Clinical Care - Outcomes = 25%

73 Opportunities – VBP: Outcomes 73 Top 50 th = Δ1 Patient Top 10 th = Δ3 Patient Top 50 th = Δ1 PatientTop 50 th = Δ8 Patients Top 10 th = Δ11 PatientsTop 10 th = Δ3 Patient

74 VBP – CMS Proposed Future Measures FY 2018 Program (Performance Period: CY 2016) –Patient Experience: Care Transition FY 2019 Program (Performance Period: CY 2017) –Surgical Complication: Total Hip and Total Knee Arthroplasty

75 VBP – Other Possible Metrics to Follow Emergency Department Care Preventative Care –Pneumonia Vaccine Children’s Asthma Care Stroke Care –Blood Clot Prevention Care –Preventative Care

76 FY 19 New Measure Added THA/TKA for 30 month performance period. –January 1, 2015-June 30, 2017 –Baseline of July 1, 2010-June 30, 2013 Risk standardized measure for complications after Total Hips and Knees surgeries for up to 90 days post surgery –One of eight complications: AMI, pneumonia, sepsis, SSI, PE, death, mechanical complication or periprosthetic joint infection/wound infection. –Each has a defined time frame –Each is a ‘Yes’ or ‘No –Risk adjusted for patient age, sex and comorbidities 76 SOURCE: August 2014 Proposed Rules Federal Register

77 Readmissions – Proposed Future Measures Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) Stroke

78 Opportunities – HAC SSI Following Colon Surgery (FY’16) SSI Following Abdominal Hysterectomy (FY’16) MRSA (FY’17) C Diff (FY’17)

79 BPCI BUNDLED PAYMENTS

80 Description of Models

81 Medical Homes Acute Care Bundling Acute Care Episode with Post Acute Care Bundling Post Acute Care Bundling ©2010 Kaufman Hall & American Hospital Association. 81 Bundled Payments

82 Advantages of Participation Improved quality of care for patients –Reduced complications, readmissions, and cost Improved ability to work with hospitals, physicians, nursing homes, home health, rehab centers, and other providers to improve overall care quality and service Potential competitive advantage within market with physicians and post-acute care Opportunity to receive payment aligned with these goals and based on outcomes 82

83 83 MEDICARE: Cohort 1 COMMERCIAL as of July 2014 Where are the Bundled Payments?

84 Early Results of BPCI Cohort 2 Tremendous increase in the number of applications in the most recent open enrollment in April 2014: Nearly Triple! Models 2,3,4 were open for enrollment Currently in the Phase 1 period which is the non risk, decision making period. Phase 2 is when the Episode Initiator starts to accept risk

85 Changes In the Cohort 2 Timeline: 7/31/14 EventOriginal DateRevised Date Historical Claims & Target Pricing Late Summer 2014October 2014 Go/No Go Decision to Participate November 1, 2014January 1, 2015 Go Live with RiskJanuary 1, 2015April 1, 2015 Other significant changes:  ADDITION OF EPISODES: You can now add episodes in July 2015 and October 2015: only 1 episode is required for April 1, Phase 1 ends in October 2015  B-CARE: B-CARE quality data wont be collected until Spring 2015  Option for Delayed Reconciliation: Will offer a 4 quarter timeline for reconciliation.

86 MD Home Health SNF IRF Outpt. Rehab Readmission Home $3,207$10,129$8,965$ = $22,927 x98% $22,468 DRG Inpatient and PACS Fee for Service Model $22,468 Bundled Episodic Model DRG 470 Total Joint Replacement w/out CC Model 2 Note: any CMI aggregate charges lower than $22,468 can be shared with providers via gain sharing model Episodic period for model 2: 3 days prior to admission to 90 days post discharge from hospital

87 BPCI Multiple Bonus Payments: Physicians 2 opportunities for Physicians to be awarded Bonuses 1.Internal Cost Savings Pool 2.Bundled Payment Savings Pool Both have required Quality Metrics and Cost Savings to be met Cost Savings MUST be directly attributed to Quality Improvement and Care Redesign 87

88 BPCI Multiple Bonus Payments: Physicians 2 opportunities for Physicians to be awarded Bonuses 1.Internal Cost Savings Pool 2.Bundled Payment Savings Pool Both have required Quality Metrics and Cost Savings to be met Cost Savings MUST be directly attributed to Quality Improvement and Care Redesign 88

89 Internal Cost Savings DHG Healthcare has one of very few, if not the only, Internal Cost Savings Gainshare models to have been submitted and approved by CMS at this time APPROVEDAPPROVED

90 In February 2014, CMMI issued a Request for Information on a new bundled payment program to expand to outpatient. Focus is Specialty Physicians and on (1)Procedures and (2) complex chronic care Highlighted colonoscopy, cataract surgery, & radiation therapy for procedural options. Regarding the chronic care, “CMS is considering development of a model that would incentivize specialists to more efficiently manage the care provided to beneficiaries with complex or chronic medical conditions over the period of time that corresponds to the specialty practitioner’s long term involvement with managing the beneficiary’s care.” Was seeking responses until March 13 Outpatient Bundling…coming soon?

91 Outpatient Bundling Referred to by CMS as: “Comprehensive Ambulatory Payment Classification (APC)” Finalized in the CY 2014 OPPS/ASC Final Rule Affect payments to 4,000 hospitals and 5,300 ASC’s Delayed implementation to January 1, 2015 instead of the traditional outpatient October 1 implementation date –Extra time allowed the Agency, hospitals, and physicians more time to evaluate and comment on the policy

92 Outpatient Bundling – Comprehensive APC’s Single Medicare payment rather than individual APC payments throughout the episode 28 Bundled Outpatient Procedures Proposed Payment could include all hospital services reported on the claim covered under Medicare Part B for up to a proposed 6 Month Period –Few exceptions resulting in a single beneficiary copayment per claim

93 Outpatient Bundling – Proposed Procedures

94 Outpatient Bundling – Summary Comprehensive APC is another step towards CMS establishing a Prospective Payment Model for OPPS Goal: eliminate avoidable costs and increase shared decision making Healthcare stakeholders who have been on the sidelines for recent CMS pilots and existing programs will not have this luxury as CMS expands their delivery and payment reform portfolio in the upcoming calendar year

95 Thank you! Contact Information: Walter Coleman (804)


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