2Building vocabulary A. Expensive car chase scene. B. blood-and-gore, violent scene.C. moved steadily across.D. special way of looking at things.E. the perspective that films present on society.F. changed its main idea.G. Films.
3Building vocabularyH. a film-making technique which attempts to present situations as realistically as actual life; literally, from the French, “cinema of truth”.I. lots of film.J. story lines.K. in film.
4Building vocabulary 2. A. solid B. strength C. dejectedness D. avant gardeE. ethereallyF. admirableG. vigorous
5Understanding the writer’s ideas 1. Nothing extraordinary was resolved or stated outright. She is actually being somewhat appreciative, in that she is implicitly comparing this to the ending of most “male” films, which she would consider more hard edged and obvious.2. Most likely, Goodman herself.
6Understanding the writer’s ideas 3. A shift in emphasis from “male buddy movies” to “female friendship flicks.” She feels this is a real shift, a reflection of a social change in the concept of friendship. At the beginning of par. 4, she states directly: “This wasn’t just another binge of trendiness….”
7Understanding the writer’s ideas 5. A popular “pop psych” self-help book entitled I’m OK, You’re OK and the Old West “Shootout at the OK Corral.” In other words, the intersection between extremes of macho and sensitivity.
8Understanding the writer’s ideas 6. The fact that males acted as “buddies,” close but always somewhat aloof at the same time; women acted as “friends,” sharing things more deeply and fully. She seems to prefer greatly female “friendship.”7. A kind of weaving together, overlapping and interlacing.
9Understanding the writer’s ideas 8. One set of rules for men, another for women.9. She calls buddies a “fine” (read OK) life-companion, but a friend (quoting Santayana) is at the core of what makes us human.
10Understanding the writer’s techniques 1. The fact that the women-women friendships and men-men friendships are qualitatively different. The sentence which comprises par. 6: (a) women as friends and (b) men as buddies.2. Intro: pars. 1-6; body: pars. 7-17; conclusion: pars
11Understanding the writer’s ideas 3. It pulls the reader into the essay and creates an atmosphere of interest, although it does not specifically introduce the subject.4. a. The weaving together of many different qualities of friendshipb. The vital force that bonds them.Both allude to the blending of friendships and values
12Understanding the writer’s ideas 5. It creates a little distance from the author, perhaps so this would not sound so much like a personal complaint, but more like a widespread social issue affecting many.6. ISR. (Actually a good argument could be made for any of the purposes.)
13Understanding the writer’s ideas 7. Alternating dominates (she continuously juxtaposes definition and examples for buddies and friends), but at some points she also uses a combination.8. Any intelligent reader.
14Understanding the writer’s ideas Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia9. (a) Ernest Hemingway, , great American fiction writer who is also known for his “macho” pursuits—hunting, male bonding, war, and so on; (b) Samuel Taylor Coleridge, , an English poet and controversial man of letters, known especially for “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner”;
15Understanding the writer’s ideas (c) Sinclair Lewis’s novel (1992) of an average American (male) destroyed by conformity; and 9d) George Santayana, , an American philosopher whose main thesis was that the mind and its vision of beaury are responsive to a biological context.
16Understanding the writer’s ideas 10. It gets her point across crisply, but some readers might ask for more development.11. Mainly in the film discussion which opens the essay. Also, concerning the woman lawyer who makes the “chicken call” (13) and the male friend who seems surprised when asked about having dinner with his own male friend (17)
17Understanding the writer’s ideas 12Par. 8: “Buddies faced adversity together, but friends faced each other.”“Buddies seemed to ‘do’ things together; friends simply ‘were’ together.”Par. 11: “Buddies hang tough together; friends hang onto each other.”
18Understanding the writer’s ideas 12.Par. 12: “Buddies try to keep the worst from each other; friends confess it.”Par. 14: “Buddies seek approval. But friends seek acceptance.”These are quick encapsulations of her ideas and continually reinforce the main thesis. Again, some further development might have helped.
19Understanding the writer’s ideas 13. By the continual use of short opposition and the words “buddy” and “friend.”14. The question in quotation marks are her male friends’ responses to her questions, thus creating the feel of a dialogue and allowing us to understand from their tone what their attitudes are.
20Understanding the writer’s ideas 15. (a) and (b). This seems an effective conclusion which offers good closure for the essay.