Presentation on theme: "Beginning of the 1920’s. Changes after the War The conclusion of the First World War brings about political, social, and economic changes to the United."— Presentation transcript:
Changes after the War The conclusion of the First World War brings about political, social, and economic changes to the United States. After World War I, many Americans faced difficulty adjusting to the changes brought about by war: –The American economy will slow as war time production ends. –Returning troops faced difficult adjustment to civilian society. –Many women and minority workers faced with loss of jobs as men returned to the workforce. –Death and destruction of war leads to feelings of gloom among many Americans. –Despite contribution to war effort, returning African American troops continue to face racism and segregation.
Changes for Women, African Americans and Immigrants Most notably, World War I has the greatest impact on Women, Immigrants, and African Americans. How did the role of women change during WWI? –At home? –Overseas? –What were women expected to do once the war was over and the men returned home? As we know, African Americans fought in segregated units during the war, however, how would the conclusion of the war affect African Americans on the home front?
African-Americans Where African Americans saw combat they served with distinction, mostly along side of the French. After the war these African Americans units were honored by the French. Many African Americans returning home wondered why the liberties and freedoms they fought for in Europe were denied to them at home. We Return. We Return from Fighting. We Return Fighting. -W.E.B. Dubois Just like after the Civil War, many African Americans after World War I migrated north. Although their economic situation improved, they still faced racism and prejudice.
1920’s Presidents TASK: In pairs, read through the information on Harding & Coolidge’s administrations and fill-in the corresponding information on your handout.
Stock Market Speculation The economic recovery helped to spark a large number of investments in the stock market. Government leaders and Businessmen saw no end to the economic boom. They urged everyone to play the Bull Market – the rising stock market. Some families invested their life savings – they made some money – only for a while. marginHowever the stock market is deeply flawed – people bought stocks that were traded on a margin. This meant that buyers can purchase stocks with a down payment, sometimes as low as 5%. They borrowed the rest from brokers and counted on their profits to pay back their loans. The system worked as long as profits continued.