1. Most: 9 out of 10 2. Half: 5 out of 10 3. Very few: Less than 1 out of 10
1. Most: 8 out of 10 2. Half: 5 out of 10 3. A few: Less than 2 out of 10
1. Most: 8 out of 10 2. About half: 5 out of 10 3. A few: 2 out of 10
Affects every organ in your body Central nervous system depressant that is rapidly absorbed from the stomach and small intestine into your bloodstream Metabolized in the liver, but the liver can only metabolize small amounts at a time so the excess circulates around your body
Regular beer Table wine Hard liquor “Standard drink” 12 oz malt liquor 1.5 “standard drinks” 1.5 oz (40% alcohol) 12 oz (5% alcohol) 5 oz (12% alcohol) 1.2 T pure alcohol
Premixed drinks that combine alcohol, caffeine, and other stimulants Higher alcohol content than beer (5%-12% on average vs 4%-5% for beer) Caffeine content usually not reported Caffeine can mask clues that tell someone how intoxicated they are – you can become more intoxicated because you are drinking more alcohol than you realize May lead to more life-threatening and hazardous behaviors like alcohol poisoning, sexual assault, and riding with a driver that has been drinking
School problems – higher absences, poor/failing grades Social problems – fighting, lack of participation in activities Legal problems – arrest for driving/hurting someone while drunk Physical problems – hangovers, illnesses Memory problems Unwanted, unplanned, and unprotected sexual activity Physical and sexual assault (rape) Higher risk for suicide and homicide Abuse of other drugs Death from alcohol poisoning THAT’S A LOT OF PROBLEMS!
Impaired brain function – poor judgment, reduced reaction time, loss of balance and motor skills, slurred speech Dilation of blood vessels – you feel warm but you are quickly losing body heat Damage to developing fetus Higher risk of car crashes, violence, other injuries
TRUE Most kids that see themselves going to college and living past 35 (yes!) DON’T drink or smoke – they will be around to enjoy their success!
Expectations can be right on, but often they are totally off, especially when talking about alcohol. Do you think using alcohol has positive consequences? Read below… To have more fun and excitement? Reality: more stressed and depressed To fit in better? Reality: most teens don’t drink To impress others? Reality: acting stupid, throwing up, and starting fights doesn’t impress people To feel good or improve your mood? Reality: if you are already feeling down, drinking can make it worse To be more attractive? Reality: throwing up, being visibly drunk, and saying stupid things aren’t attractive To relax, feel less shy or nervous? Reality: alcohol relaxes your judgment so you can say and do things you regret To be funny? Reality: people not drinking usually think that drinkers are not funny at all To solve your problems or forget about them? Reality: alcohol messes up your thinking and can lead to even more problems, like addiction
That tobacco use includes smoking and smokeless tobacco (chewing tobacco and snuff)? That more than 80% of adults that smoke began smoking before they were 18 years old? That teen smokeless tobacco users are more likely than non-users to smoke cigarettes as adults? That more high school students are reporting using smokeless tobacco products? That bullying, being bullied, or being depressed can bring someone to start smoking and/or drinking? If you have self-control problems you are at greater risk for using alcohol and tobacco?
% of high school students who were cigarette smokers in 2009? 17.2% % of middle school students who were cigarette smokers in 2009? 5.2% % of high school students who were smokeless tobacco users in 2009? 6.7% % of middle school students who were smokeless tobacco users in 2009? 2.6%
High risk sexual behavior Use of alcohol Use of other drugs
Cancer Lip, mouth, pharynx, esophagus, pancreas, voice box, lung, cervix, bladder, kidney Lung cancer 23 times higher in men and 13 times higher in women smokers vs nonsmokers Highest in African-American men Heart Disease and Stroke Coronary heart disease, doubles risk for stroke, narrows arteries, increased risk for heart attack Respiratory Health Chronic lung disease; secondhand smoke is no better Smoking during pregnancy Complications, premature birth, low birth weight babies, stillbirth, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
Did you know that… Every year tobacco companies spend billions of $ on advertising and promotion U.S. consumers (us!) spend billions of $ buying tobacco products Tobacco use then costs the U.S. billions of $ in medical expenses and lost productivity
In 2006, cigarette companies spent $12,400,000,000 ($12.4 billion) on advertising and promotional expenses in the U.S. alone! This amounted to almost $34,000,000 per day in marketing expenses!
In 2006, U.S. consumers spent: $83,600,000,000 On cigarettes $3,200,000,000 On cigars $2,600,000,000 On smokeless tobacco
Nicotine in tobacco is addictive Nicotine narrows your blood vessels and puts added strain on your heart Smoking can wreck your lungs and reduce oxygen available for muscles used during sports Smokers suffer shortness of breath almost 3 times more often that nonsmokers Smokers run slower and can’t run as far, affecting overall athletic performance Cigars and spit/chew tobacco are NOT safe alternatives!
Yuck! Tobacco smoke can make hair and clothes stink Tobacco stains teeth and causes bad breath Short term use of spit/chew tobacco can cause cracked lips, white spots, sores, and bleeding in the mouth Surgery to remove oral (mouth) cancers caused by tobacco use can lead to serious changes in the face. Sean Marsee, a high school star athlete who used spit tobacco, died of oral cancer when he was only 19 years old!
Know the truth! Most teens, adults, and athletes DON’T use tobacco Make friends, develop athletic skills, control weight, be independent, be cool…play sports Use older, popular adolescents that DON’T smoke as role models and remember the consequences even as you get older! Don’t burn money on tobacco Spend it on music, apps, clothes, video games, movies, sports, hanging out with friends Get involved Make your team, home, and school tobacco-free; teach others; join community efforts to prevent tobacco use