Presentation on theme: "JEOPARDY Russia #2. IDEOLOGY MATTERS It’s the ECONOMY, STUPID! CURIOUS or SPURIOUS WHO’S WHO ELECTIONSPARTY TIME 100 200 300 400 500."— Presentation transcript:
JEOPARDY Russia #2
IDEOLOGY MATTERS It’s the ECONOMY, STUPID! CURIOUS or SPURIOUS WHO’S WHO ELECTIONSPARTY TIME
IDEOLOGY MATTERS Term Lenin used to describe the group of revolutionary leaders who could provoke a communist revolution
IDEOLOGY MATTERS What is “vanguard” of the revolution?
IDEOLOGY MATTERS The two-prongs of Stalin’s domestic policy for the USSR
IDEOLOGY MATTERS What are 1.Collectivization &Collectivization & 2.industrialization?industrialization?
IDEOLOGY MATTERS They vied for control of the CPSU after Lenin’s death: 1.one backed the COMINTERN andone backed the COMINTERN and 2.the other backed “SOCIALISM IN ONE COUNTRY”the other backed “SOCIALISM IN ONE COUNTRY”
IDEOLOGY MATTERS Who are Trotsky and Stalin?
IDEOLOGY MATTERS Premier and party secretary &Premier and party secretary & 2.policy he announced in the famous 1956 SECRET SPEECHpolicy he announced in the famous 1956 SECRET SPEECH
IDEOLOGY MATTERS What are a.Khrushchev &Khrushchev & b.De-Stalinization?De-Stalinization?
IDEOLOGY MATTERS most important ideological concept in USSR during Leninist period; rule of the few for the good of the many
IDEOLOGY MATTERS What is DEMOCRATIC CENTRALISM ?
It’s the ECONOMY, STUPID! the current condition of the Russian economy
It’s the ECONOMY, STUPID! What is in recovery or – better yet -- booming, largely due to rising oil prices?
It’s the ECONOMY, STUPID! Rampant inflation, 2. drastically reduced output, 3. near collapse …Describes the condition of…
It’s the ECONOMY, STUPID! What was the condition of the Russian economy in 1991 (at the fall of the Soviet Union)?
It’s the ECONOMY, STUPID! It’s blamed by many Russians for the crash of 1998 and the miserable economic which accompanied it. But it’s not the real cause of the crash. It was the only aspect of reform that was TRANSPARENT.
It’s the ECONOMY, STUPID! What is privatization?
It’s the ECONOMY, STUPID! The crooked program through which Soviet bankers financed their control of large state-owned industries in privatization
It’s the ECONOMY, STUPID! What is the “loans for shares” program?
It’s the ECONOMY, STUPID! When full socialism proved a financial disaster, Lenin retrenched to these and instituted his NEP
It’s the ECONOMY, STUPID! What are the “commanding heights”?
CURIOUS or SPURIOUS Russians are more likely to follow charismatic politicians than Westerners are.
CURIOUS or SPURIOUS What is spurious?
CURIOUS or SPURIOUS Russians trust government officials more than Westerners do.
Big Names What is spurious?
CURIOUS or SPURIOUS Communism was EGALITARIAN. And to Russians, even today, EQUALITY means “Equality of CONDITION or RESULT” rather than “equality of OPPORTUNITY.”
CURIOUS or SPURIOUS What is curious?
CURIOUS or SPURIOUS The Russian president can rule by decree.
Big Names What is curious?
CURIOUS or SPURIOUS GAZPROM, the largest gas company in the world, shifted more than 99% of its assets to politically connected insiders, with the state retaining the rest.
CURIOUS or SPURIOUS What is SPURIOUS? (60% shifted – ALWAYS a bit suspicious of extreme answers on multiple choice tests!)
Who’s Who Vladimir Gusinsky, Mikhail Khodorkovsky, and Boris Berezovsky
Who’s Who Who are oligarchs?
Who’s Who ANNA POLITKOVSKAYA
Who’s Who Who is the Russian journalist & outspoken critic of Putin and his Chechen policy who was shot in the lobby of her apartment building in Moscow?
Who’s Who yr. old economic reformer appointed acting Prime Minister by Yeltsin in June1992, he attempted a radical restructuring of the economy, but met with fierce resistance from the Duma’s anti-reform majority and was replaced by Victor Chernomyrdin in December.
Who’s Who Who is YEGOR GAIDAR ?
Who’s Who Yeltsin’s minister of privatization from and chief-of- staff after the 1996 election
Who’s Who Who is Anatoly Chubias?
Who’s Who Gennady Zyuganov & Vladimir Zhirinovsky
Who’s Who Liberal-Democratic Party The leaders of A. CPRF (Communist Party of the Russian Federation) B. Liberal-Democratic Party
ELECTIONS They were HIGH in the early 1990’s, but have generally declined since.
ELECTIONS What are voter turnout rates?
ELECTIONS It’s why was there no second round in the 2000 Russian presidential election.
ELECTIONS What is because PUTIN WON a majority (52%) OF THE POPULAR VOTE in the first round ?
ELECTIONS Putin by 71%
ELECTIONS Who was the winner of the 2004 presidential election and by what % of the vote?
ELECTIONS? They were a sharp rebuke to Yeltsin. (Communists won 1/3+ of the Duma seats; reform parties: Democratic Choice – 9 seats; Yabloko – 45 seats)
ELECTIONS What were the parliamentary (Duma) elections of 1995?
ELECTIONS The principal organizer of Yeltsin’s re-election campaign, he used his media empire to promote Yeltsin’s candidacy.
ELECTIONS Who is Boris Berezovsky?
PARTY TIME CPSU and CPRF
PARTY TIME What are 1.the Communist Party of the Soviet Union &the Communist Party of the Soviet Union & 2.The Communist Party of the Russian FederationThe Communist Party of the Russian Federation
PARTY TIME % and 1%
Number Nuisance What is the percentage of Russians who belonged to the Soviet Communist party and the percentage who belong to a political party today ?
PARTY TIME Founded in Apr as a merger of Fatherland All- Russia Party and the Unity Party, it’s the rootin’-tootin- Putin party!
PARTY TIME What is United Russia?
PARTY TIME Ultra-nationalist Russian political party which is anything but what its name indicates. It’s led by a right-wing nut case whose proposed nuking Japan.
PARTY TIME What is the Liberal Democratic Party?
PARTY TIME YABLOKO and UNION OF RIGHT FORCES
PARTY TIME What are the two main Russian reformist parties (won 4 and 3 seats in the Duma in 2003) ?