We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byTurner Cuthbert
Modified about 1 year ago
© OECD/IEA Sectoral approaches to climate action: ‘Complementary opportunities or dead end?’ Business and Industry Global Dialogue October 2008 Richard Baron – IEA Disclaimer – The views expressed here are the author’s and may not reflect the views of the individual IEA Member countries.
© OECD/IEA Outline Sectoral approaches: do we have a choice? An illustration. A look at countries’ recent submissions to the UNFCCC Questions for debate
© OECD/IEA Complementary or dead end? Sectoral approaches are likely to be an essential element of future international mitigation efforts Hence, handle with care
© OECD/IEA Sectoral approaches: do we have a choice?
© OECD/IEA Illustration - CO 2 emissions in China
© OECD/IEA Illustration - CO 2 emissions in India
© OECD/IEA Electricity (supply and use) should be a priority for action * * * * * IEA(2008), Energy Technology Perspectives Source: IEA(2008), Energy Technology Perspectives 2050.
© OECD/IEA Why are we, internationally, looking at sectors? Since Kyoto: from ‘simple’ country caps (-and-trade) to the actual complexity of specific mitigation policies Whether market-based or else, useful lessons can be drawn from Annex I progress on various policy areas See G8 best practice work and concrete recommendations on energy efficiency Most developing countries not ready for country-wide goals – political and capability issues (CBDR/RC) In the meantime, GHG accumulate Some will need sector-specific support Best policy practice and policy design Training (see Asia-Pacific Partnership on efficiency of existing plants) Targeted financial support Carbon market
© OECD/IEA SA under the UNFCCC at present
© OECD/IEA Views on SA from submissions China: no to benchmarks, standards, etc. but calls for larger finance incl. via carbon markets. Review of EST on basis of cost, reliability, obstacles India: no common standards, cooperative R&D, IPR cost, standards on certain products and practices, voluntary energy efficiency programmes (pledge) S. Africa: Register of actions. Toolbox of support instruments, SD-PAMs No-lose S. Korea: Registry for NAMA (nationally appropriate mitigation actions): crediting to provide finance
© OECD/IEA UNFCCC submissions (ctd.) EU: two categories. Sectoral technology and policy cooperation / sectoral approaches w. carbon market (incl. differentiated instruments) Japan: comparability of efforts / binding sectoral intensity targets for developing countries / crediting as support to NAMA / no trade sanctions / supplementarity Norway: explore crediting /SA further to transfer resources to move towards low-carbon economy Russia: risk of speculation through carbon market
© OECD/IEA SA toolkit on UNFCCC table at this stage Prioritize global action & discuss comparability of efforts Broaden crediting from CDM (project) to sectoral CDM Move away from offsets towards actual, global mitigation (no- lose targets) Sectoral targets under emissions trading (article 17 under the Kyoto Protocol) SA to organize technology diffusion/transfer etc. (as per Bali Action Plan, 1.b.iv) Absent: international negotiation over a sector (a.k.a. transnational agreement) Outside: IAI, worldsteel, CSI, APP …
© OECD/IEA Questions for debate
© OECD/IEA Role(s) of the carbon market Options abound on how to harness the carbon market: Sector-wide CDM, sectoral crediting, no-lose, sectoral caps, intensity-based or not Offsetting vs. crediting: how to evolve away from CDM? How do the options bring incentives to countries / domestic agents? CDM project developers/installations have a clear incentive (CDM project cycle notwithstanding…) Sectoral targets, intensity, non-binding installations are steps away from carbon market – does this matter?
© OECD/IEA Role(s) of the carbon market Uncertainty on supply (CDM + sectoral + … ) and demand (developed country commitments) – and back Merely a political issue (‘show me the level of your ambition, I’ll show you mine’) or also about details of instruments, incl. SA? Incentives should matter. Limited (or lack of) data / eligibility / likely timing of entry of various sectors/countries in the market?
© OECD/IEA Other possible considerations on SA in UNFCCC negotiations Differentiation of countries or actions What implications for a sectoral approach to mitigation? Differentiate by type? SD-PAMs … Sectoral targets Differentiate by level of international support to NAMA Support mitigation in developing countries / sectors via carbon market or other means? Economically attractive for ‘donors’ Verification = Intrusiveness Countries to pledge actions: will they go beyond these pledges with SA? Competitiveness/leakage issues: ‘elephant in the room’ or can be handled with ad-hoc measures?
© OECD/IEA Going forward: Integration in an agreement by Copenhagen? Numbers on sectors / countries by COP15? Unlikely for most – esp. w/o agreement on precise format of SA, or differentiation of actions Areas for decisions by COP15? Principles for SA? Role of carbon market, other support, eligibility sectors/countries? A registry structure (format) to record ‘pledges’? Pilot phase data gathering … Deadline for submissions of SA pledges/goals by developing countries? Process for evaluation of submissions, as they come? Sectoral expert groups?
Annex I Expert Group on the UNFCCC coming soon Options for integrating sectoral approaches (SA) into the UNFCCC Richard Baron, Ingrid Barnsley (IEA), Jane Ellis (OECD)
EuropeAid 1 Climate Change: from Copenhagen to Cancun Hot Issues training seminar 14 July, Brussels.
Renewable Energy Promotion Policies: Lessons from CDM/JI for NAMAs (and other new mechanisms) Konrad Raeschke-Kessler Emissions Reduction Projects – CDM.
3.1 Mitigation Assessment: Concepts, Structure and Steps CGE TRAINING MATERIALS- MITIGATION ASSESSMENT MODULE C.
WILLIAM KOJO AGYEMANG-BONSU UNFCCC FOCAL POINT/CDM-DNA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GHANA Technology Development and Transfer in the Context of Climate.
Gleneagles follow up: creating the conditions for an international agreement Amal-Lee Amin International Climate Change Policy Global Atmosphere Department.
Ongoing discussions on the formulation of National Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) and their possible inclusion as market mechanisms in a post-2012.
Environmental Goods and Services negotiations:Challenges and opportunities WTO Workshop on Environmental Goods:Para 31 (iii) of the DDA Geneva 11 October.
MD ZIAUL HAQUE DEPUTY DIRECTOR (INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS) DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTS 29 August, 2013.
Governing Clean Development Prof. Peter Newell Contact:
Climate change is one of the most complex, multifaceted and serious threats the world faces. The response to this threat is fundamentally linked.
CDM & Next Steps for Montreal and Beyond Farhana Yamin Institute of Development Studies, UK Project Director, BASIC: Building And Strengthening Institutional.
Guidelines For Site Management Approaches Floyd Homer WCPA-Caribbean & SUSTRUST.
Using Kyoto mechanisms for funding oil and gas sector projects Lamon Rutten, Chief, Finance and Energy United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
Evolution of Climate Models How we study the climate has changed as technology has improved.
Ongoing discussions on international climate policy post October 2005 Niklas Höhne, ECOFYS Cologne, Germany.
UNFCCC secretariat, Information Services Kevin Grose, Coordinator The UNFCCC and its linkages and opportunities for the information and communication technology.
POST-KYOTO NEGOTIATIONS: CLEAN TECHNOLGY TRANSFER.
1 GIACC/4 IP/1: Global Aviation CO 2 Emissions Projections to 2050 IP/2: CAEP Responses to requests from GIACC/3 IP/3: Recent developments in ICAO and.
Next phase of the ECCP - October Strengthening EU climate policy How to ensure that the ECCP delivers absolute reductions Matthias Duwe Climate.
1 GIACC/3 WP/5: Recent Developments in Other UN Bodies WP/6: Update on CAEP Environmental Work IP/1: Parallels between Noise and CO2 Environmental Goals.
Webinar #10: Trading Market Fundamentals Moderator:Sonia Hamel, New America Foundation Speakers:Olivia Hartridge, Morgan Stanley Gia Schneider, Credit.
EU Climate Policy -latest developments Agnieszka Janowska European Commission, DG Environment.
Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Participants Committee Meeting (FCPF PC3) Montreux, Switzerland June 16-18, 2009 Evolution of FCPF Readiness Plan Concept:
UNFCCC secretariat, Adaptation, Technology and Science Rocio Lichte, Programme Officer DEVELOPMENTS ON CLIMATE OBSERVATIONS AND RELATED NEEDS UNDER THE.
Latin American Carbon Forum 2011 C ARBON TRADING BEYOND 2012: NEW APPROACHES AND EMERGING MARKET INSTRUMENTS Latin America Carbon Forum San José, Costa.
Introduction New Form Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Feedback Conversation Career Development SMART Goals Competency Framework Documents There are also links.
UNFCCC secretariat, programme James Grabert, Coordinator SDM SDM Strategy SDM Joint Coordination Workshop Bonn, Germany March 2012.
Summary of Report to IATI Steering Committee, Paris 9 February 2011 Richard Manning.
1 Climate Change Policies: Roles of Developing Countries Anil Markandya Bath University December 10, 2006.
P-M DESCLOS UNECE 2005 Forest Products Consultants 1 The Kyoto Protocol, the forest and wood products: a reflection. P-M. DESCLOS Forest.
© 2016 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.