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STYLISTICS AND VERBAL HUMOUR Two principles underpin the language of humour: 1.Humour requires incongruity – Any kind of stylistic twist in the pattern.

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Presentation on theme: "STYLISTICS AND VERBAL HUMOUR Two principles underpin the language of humour: 1.Humour requires incongruity – Any kind of stylistic twist in the pattern."— Presentation transcript:

1 STYLISTICS AND VERBAL HUMOUR Two principles underpin the language of humour: 1.Humour requires incongruity – Any kind of stylistic twist in the pattern of language – Any situation where there is a mismatch between what is said and what is meant. Incongruity can be located at any layer of linguistic structure Therefore stylistics analysis of humour involves locating the incongruity and indicating whereabouts in the language system it occurs.

2 COMMONLY USED STYLISTIC DEVICES FOR HUMOUR The pun Parody Satire

3 THE PUN Form of word play in which some feature of linguistic structures combines two possible unrelated meanings nor more See the following names of hairdressing salons: Shylocks Curl up and dye Shear Luck Streaks Ahead Hair Affair

4 PARODY Parody on satire play on a particular kind of irony Irony= situated in the incongruity of what one says and what one means – One is to say opposite of what you mean. You hit someone with something and they say “Thanks a lot!” – Another way is to echo what one says. Eg This is fantastic, echo: Fantastic indeed! It smells great doesn’t it! Echoing is critical to parodying

5 SATIRE Parody and satire are related- difference not always easy to make out. Commonly assumed that satire is aggressive in a way that parody is not necessarily so. Parody can remain affectionate to their source, not so satire (satire’s aim is to both ridicule and make fun of), parody may be just a little harmless humor.


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