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COMP6005 An Introduction to Computing Session One: An Introduction to Computing Security Issues.

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Presentation on theme: "COMP6005 An Introduction to Computing Session One: An Introduction to Computing Security Issues."— Presentation transcript:

1 COMP6005 An Introduction to Computing Session One: An Introduction to Computing Security Issues

2 COMP 6005 Computer Fundamentals - Session One: Security Risks2 Security Risks A computer security risk is any event or action that could cause a loss of or damage to computer hardware, software, data, information, or processing capability May be accidental or deliberate

3 COMP 6005 Computer Fundamentals - Session One: Security Risks3 Most Common Type of Risks Malicious-logic Programs Viruses Trojan horses Worms Unauthorized access or use Theft – hardware, software, information System failure

4 COMP 6005 Computer Fundamentals - Session One: Security Risks4 Virus Program or programming code that replicates by being copied or initiating its copying to another program, computer boot sector or document (Whatis.com) Alters the way the computer works without the user’s knowledge or permission Some take effect as soon as code is executed; others are dormant until circumstances cause code to be executed by the computer Once infected, can spread throughout the system and may damage files and system

5 COMP 6005 Computer Fundamentals - Session One: Security Risks5 Worm Self-replicating virus that may alter files and resides in memory or on a network duplicating itself Uses up resources and can shut down computer or network Typically resends itself as an attachment or as part of a network message

6 COMP 6005 Computer Fundamentals - Session One: Security Risks6 Trojan Horse Program that hides within another legitimate (harmless) program or data Also can imitate a harmless program Non-replicating Origin comes from Greek mythology on the Trojan War as told by Virgil in the Aeneid

7 COMP 6005 Computer Fundamentals - Session One: Security Risks7 Malicious Programs Malicious programs may be one of either virus, worm or Trojan horse May also be a combination of 2 or 3 of the above

8 COMP 6005 Computer Fundamentals - Session One: Security Risks8 Protecting Against Threats Antivirus programs Firewalls Disabling macros

9 COMP 6005 Computer Fundamentals - Session One: Security Risks9 Antivirus Used to protect against security threats such as viruses; some also protect against worms and Trojan horses Identifies and removes any virus found in memory, on storage media, or on incoming files Most popular – McAfee, Norton Antivirus

10 COMP 6005 Computer Fundamentals - Session One: Security Risks10 Firewalls Set of related programs, located at a network gateway server, that protects the resources of a private network from users from other networks (Whatis.com)

11 COMP 6005 Computer Fundamentals - Session One: Security Risks11 Firewalls Restrict access to network to outsiders Restrict employee access to sensitive data (for example, payroll records) Proxy server Personal firewalls

12 COMP 6005 Computer Fundamentals - Session One: Security Risks12 Assignment Find an example of each of the following security risks Virus Trojan horse Worm Be sure to include the source of your findings, as well as outlines on the damage it does and what it affects

13 COMP 6005 Computer Fundamentals - Session One: Security Risks13 Unauthorized Access Use of a computer or network without permission Crackers Hackers

14 COMP 6005 Computer Fundamentals - Session One: Security Risks14 Cracker Person who tries to access a computer or network illegally Bypasses passwords or licenses; intentionally breaches computer security Breaks into a system by acting as a legitimate user Typical reasons Profit Maliciousness Altruistic purpose or cause Challenge Point out weaknesses in a system

15 COMP 6005 Computer Fundamentals - Session One: Security Risks15 Hacker Originally a complimentary word for programming expert Nowadays used to refer to someone who tries to break into systems Technically two different terms!

16 COMP 6005 Computer Fundamentals - Session One: Security Risks16 Punishments Imprisonment Fines Community service Number of years banned from touching a computer

17 COMP 6005 Computer Fundamentals - Session One: Security Risks17 Unauthorized Use Use of computer or data for unapproved or illegal activities Employee misuse, for example

18 COMP 6005 Computer Fundamentals - Session One: Security Risks18 Safeguards Firewalls Intrusion detection software Access controls Audit trails

19 COMP 6005 Computer Fundamentals - Session One: Security Risks19 Further Reading Chapter 11: Computers and Society, Security, Privacy and Ethics

20 COMP 6005 Computer Fundamentals - Session One: Security Risks20 Links References Discovering Computers 2005 Of Interest


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