Presentation on theme: "Sorghum Value Chain. Enhancing sorghum production, processing and marketing for improved small-holder incomes and livelihoods in Kenya Erick Cheruiyot."— Presentation transcript:
Sorghum Value Chain
Enhancing sorghum production, processing and marketing for improved small-holder incomes and livelihoods in Kenya Erick Cheruiyot Egerton University
Collaborators and Partners Collaborators Egerton University University of Nairobi SACRED Africa Bondo University College KARI Biotech Lab Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology Partners East Africa Breweries Limited (EABL) Spectre International Nakuru Pattisserie Bakery
Overall objective To enhance sustainable sorghum production, processing and marketing for improved incomes and livelihoods in Kenya
Focus of the Project Explore and exploit diverse uses of sorghum, Promote sorghum products, Develop market linkages
Industrial players EABL Bakeries Chemical manufact ures Processing & Marketing Farmer groups Sorghum production Farmer
Major outputs Major outputs Marketing opportunities for sorghum products increased Sorghum post harvest handling and processing enhanced and promoted Sorghum production improved Information targeting different categories of stake-holders in the sorghum value chain availed and shared
Activities undertaken so far Site selection and identification of farmer working groups ◦ Makueni: Three sites (Kiboko, Kampi-ya- mawe and Kibwezi) ◦ Nakuru: Njoro, Kampi Ya Moto, Rongai, Kisumu, ◦ Nyanza: Siaya Three sites identified; they are East Alego, South East Alego and South Alego
Activities undertaken so far Cont’n Base-line survey on status of sorghum conducted ◦ Base-line survey report covering Njoro and Rongai Districts ◦ Baseline report covering East, South East and South Alego
Highlights of baseline report Overall, 49.3% of the respondents were producing sorghum Nakuru county (Majority; within acres) Identified factors with significant influence to sorghum production: ◦ land tenure, ◦ farm size, ◦ access to seed, ◦ access to market information and ◦ group membership.
Activities undertaken so far Cont’n Evaluation of Hybrids, Open Pollinated Sorghum varieties and Sweet Stalk sorghum for diverse uses initiated ◦ 31 hybrids and 100 OPV planted and harvested in Njoro, Kampi Ya Moto (March – October) ◦ Ten Hybrids and five OPV sorghum planted in Kiboko, Kampi-ya-mawe and Kibwezi during July – December period ◦ Five local cultivars and 10 lines of hybrid sorghum planted and evaluated at KARI Kiboko ◦ 25 sweet stalk sorghum grown at Spectre International for determination of ethanol yield
Progress so far Laboratory grain analysis for brewing qualities completed (130 genotypes) and selection of best to submitted to EABL for confirmatory test Baking qualities will be completed by October 2012
Progress so far Field evaluation of sweet sorghum for ethanol completed Laboratory analysis for ethanol yield going-on 2-3 genotypes promising
Activities undertaken so far Cont’n Marketing opportunities for sorghum products initiated ◦ Baseline marketing survey undertaken in Nakuru and Makueni Counties ◦ Four farmer’s groups with 132 members mobilized ◦ Initial drafts for prototype marketing constitutions, brochures and marketing manual prepared
Activities undertaken so far Cont’n ◦ Information targeting different categories of stake-holders in the sorghum value chain shared. Sorghum demonstration sites Kampi Ya Moto and Egerton, at Kiboko, Kampi-ya-Mawe and Kibwezi - attached to farmer-groups. Sorghum Field Days in Kampi Ya Moto 189, Kathonzweni 176, Kiboko: brought together farmers, Ministry of Agriculture, NGOs and industry players (EABL).
Activities undertaken so far Cont’n Monitoring and evaluation conducted ◦ Regular visit to the research fields to check progress and collect data ◦ Visit by ICRISAT scientist and EABL sorghum co-ordinator to Njoro and Kampi Ya Moto field sites to evaluate sorghum genotypes. ◦ Visit by World Bank Mission to Sweet stalk sorghum field at Spectre Farm in Kisumu.
Observations made Farmers with strong religious –ve attitude on sorghum varieties for beer production Birds damage cause great loss Language for communication especially in Makueni where most farmers understands their local language only
Constraints and challenges The major constrain was delay in disbursement of funds which hampered planning and delayed implementation. There is need to synchronize calendar of project events with funds disbursement.
Work for the current quarter Setting up of community based seed multiplication centers Training of 132 farmers in collective marketing in a liberalized sorghum marketing system. Training of 132 farmers in marketing information, quality control and market intelligence.
Plans for the current quarter Cont’n Development of a sorghum seed thresher Sorghum genotypes for anti- diabetic and anti-cancer properties
Plans for next quarter Submission of promising genotypes to KEPHIS Promotion of Baked Products Community-based seed multiplication
Gaps Identified Observed low sorghum productivity low in Makueni and Siaya, - occasioned by soil moisture stress The need to encourage Water Harvesting, Conservation and Utilization BLS Siaya identified lack of small scale sorghum irrigation equipments as one of the major constraints to sorghum production
Gaps Identified Quality seed -Recommended varieties for specific agro- ecological zones lacking. This is applies to Sorghum and Millets (Finger millet, Pearl millet) Need to think of viable seed system to respond to farmers’ needs
Acknowledgment KAPAP for funding ICRISAT for sorghum materials Ministry of Agriculture Collaborator Organizations and Partners Institutions