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Hardwoods & Softwoods Beech Oak Ash Mahogany Teak Walnut Balsa Parana Pine Scots Pine Red Cedar Spruce.

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Presentation on theme: "Hardwoods & Softwoods Beech Oak Ash Mahogany Teak Walnut Balsa Parana Pine Scots Pine Red Cedar Spruce."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Hardwoods & Softwoods Beech Oak Ash Mahogany Teak Walnut Balsa Parana Pine Scots Pine Red Cedar Spruce

3 Hardwoods Hardwoods are considered to come from trees with Broad Leaves. Oak

4 Softwoods Softwoods are considered to come from trees with needles Scots Pine

5 Beech Beech is used in cabinet and furniture making, work benches, desks, chairs, turnery, tool handles, mallets, decorative veneers and domestic flooring. Back Advantages: Disadvantages: Straight Grain, Easy to work with. Unsuitable for exterior projects as it rots quickly

6 Oak Oak is used in cabinet and furniture making, boat building, barrels and flooring. Green Oak is often used in House Building Advantages: Disadvantages: High Strength, Hard wearing, Does not rot easily, Attractive grain High Cost, Difficult to work with when dry Back

7 Ash Back Advantages: Disadvantages: Hard wearing, Tough, Elastic, Attractive grain High Cost, Ash is used in furniture and cabinet making, hockey sticks, baseball bats, cricket stumps, turnery

8 Mahogany Back Advantages: Disadvantages: High Strength, Hard wearing, Easy to carve, Attractive grain High Cost, Many species of mahogany come form non renewable sources Mahogany is used for high quality cabinet and furniture making, Drum panelling, pattern making, decorative veneers and plywood.

9 Teak Advantages: Disadvantages: Hard wearing, Weather resistant, High Cost, Difficult to work with.* Many species of Teak come form non renewable sources Teak is used in Boat building, Garden furniture, (where weather resistance is required) Furniture making, flooring, laboratory benches and decorative veneers. Note: It is best to use an oil finish with this timber. Teak can be difficult to glue and it's dust is known to be a skin irritant. *Difficult to glue due to its oily nature Skin and repertory system irritant High mineral content make it hard to machine Back

10 Walnut Advantages: Disadvantages: Hard wearing, Attractive Grain Very Expensing, Rare Walnut is used for high quality furniture, boat building, musical instruments, carving and veneers. Back

11 Balsa Advantages: Disadvantages: Light weight, Easy to cut Weak Balsa is the lightest commercial hardwood. Predominately used for model making. Back

12 Parana Pine Advantages: Disadvantages: Straight Grain, Stable (tends not to warp) Fairly expensive Parana Pine is a straight grained timber often used for stair cases and furniture making Back

13 Scots Pine Advantages: Disadvantages: Straight grain with few Knots Slow growing therefore limited availability Scots Pine is often used in the building industry for Roof timbers, Stairs and Skirting boards It is also used for Telegraph Poles, fences and paper pulp Back

14 Red Pine Advantages: Disadvantages: Low cost Knots, Red pine wood is grown primarily for the production of wood used for poles, Floorboards, building timber railway ties, post, pulpwood, and fuel. Back

15 Spruce Advantages: Disadvantages: Straight Grain, Soft Spruce (whitewood) is mainly used for paper manufacture but is also used in general construction and for the production of musical instrument sound boards Back

16 The End


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