4 Illinois The State Motto is “State Sovereignty, National Union.” The State Slogan is “Land of Lincoln.”The State Nickname is “Prairie State.”The word Illinois comes from a Native American phrase. It means “tribe of superior men.”
5 Illinois Farming Illinois is largely an agricultural state (farming). The chief crops that Illinois produces include corn, soybeans, wheat, oats and hay.
6 State symbols http://www. museum. state. il. us/exhibits/symbols/index TreeWhite OakFlowerVioletPrairie grassBig Blue StemSnack foodPopcornAnimalWhite Tail DeerBirdCardinalInsectMonarch ButterflyFishBlue GillReptileEastern Painted Turtle
7 State symbols Amphibian East. Tiger Salamander Mineral Fluorite Soil Drummer Silty ClayDanceSquare DanceState Flag State Seal
8 Illinois’ Five Largest Cities (2010 U.S. Census) Chicago 2,695,598Aurora ,899Rockford 152,871Joliet ,433Naperville 141,853Crystal Lake 40,743 (2010 U.S. Census)
9 States that Border Illinois Five states border Illinois. They are Wisconsin, Iowa, Missouri, Kentucky, and Indiana.Michigan does not border Illinois.
10 History of Illinois A. 1673 – French rule Illinois territory 1. Marquette & Joliet2. Trading and exploring for the French GovernmentB. French established forts at:1. Fort St. Louis at Starved Rock2. Fort de Crevecoeur3. Pimitouri (Peoria) & Kaskaskia
11 History of IllinoisC. French and Indian War 1. The French lose to the British in The British now possess most of America. D. Revolutionary War George Rogers Clark defeats British in the Illinois area E. After the war, Virginia claimed the Illinois area as a county in 1783.
12 History of IllinoisF – Illinois area became attached to a variety of territories. 2. Indiana & Wisconsin G Illinois became a state on December 3rd 2. Illinois is the 21st state in the Union. 3. Kaskaskia was named the first capital. 4. Shadrach Bond was named the first governor.
13 History of IllinoisH. Indian uprisings 1. Don’t want to leave land 2. Chief Black Hawk 3. Lose to Illinois militia I. State Capitals – moved from Kaskaskia to Vandalia – moved from Vandalia to Springfield because, in part, Abraham Lincoln and his colleagues helped get the capital moved (Long Nine)
14 History of IllinoisJ Constitution – 1st 1. Did not interfere with slavery already in state 2. Did not allow anymore slaves to enter K – Proposed law 1. Allow slavery? Some people want it 2. Governor Edward Coles will not let it happen 3. Illinois remains a FREE STATE
15 History of IllinoisL. More Slavery Issues 1. Lincoln challenges Stephan A. Douglas for Senate seat 2. “Little Giant” wants people to choose, not the state 3. Both debate the topic, gathers nationwide attention 4. Douglas wins but Lincoln impresses many people 5. Lincoln nominated for and wins Presidency M Constitution 1. More power to the people 2. Executive offices will now be elected rather than appointed.
16 History of IllinoisN Constitution 1. Constitution changed again 2. Unchanged for 100 years and is outdated O Constitution Two major changes: Have a greater protection on individual rights Improve the tax system STOP HERE. STUDY FOR QUIZ #1.
17 History of Illinois (review) Kaskaskia was the first capital, then Vandalia, and then Springfield.Illinois has had four constitutions – 1818, 1848, 1870, and 1970.Illinois became a state in 1818 with a population of 35,000.The Illinois Constitution is just like the U.S. Constitution but much longer.A constitution is a plan telling how a government will be run.
18 PreambleA preamble tells why the constitution is being written – for the welfare of the people and to maintain a representative (democratic) government. There are 14 articles in the Illinois Constitution.
19 Article I The Bill of Rights Inherent and inalienable rights – people have the right to life, happiness, and to be free. It is up to the government to protect these rights.Due Process of law and equal protection under the law – Due process is the means by which fair treatment is attained. (Hearing/respond)Religious Freedom
20 Article I 4. Freedom of speech and freedom of the press 5. Right to assemble (meetings for peaceful purposes) and petition (show opinions/feelings)6. Freedom from unlawful search, seizures, or invasions of privacya. Private homesb. Unless there is proof of criminal activity7. Right of Grand Jury Indictment (paper telling you the crime you committed if there is enough evidence)
21 Article I8. Rights of persons accused of crimes – meet with witnesses, call witnesses, speedy public jury trial, and impartial jury. 9. Right of bail (getting freedom before trial) and Writ of Habeas Corpus (order to bring a person before the court to see if they have been legally imprisoned). 10. Self-incrimination and double jeopardy (a person cannot be tried for the same crime twice). 11. Penalty limitations (Should fit the crime). 12. Right to Remedy and Justice for wrongs done to a person, property, or reputation.
22 Article I Right to trial by jury (impartial peers). No imprisonment for debt (owing money).Just compensation for property taken for public use – eminent domain.No ex post facto laws (a law punishing you for something you did before it was illegal).No discrimination in employment and the sale or rental of property.No sex discrimination in government.No discrimination against handicapped.Condemns insulting statements about persons.
23 Article I No quartering of soldiers in peace time. Right to bear arms subject to police power.Residents have to obey laws if they are to be effective.Residents have rights not mentioned in Article 1 (right to vote, free schooling through grade 12, and healthful environment)STOP HERE. STUDY FOR QUIZ #2.
24 Article II - Powers of state 1. Powers are divided between the legislative, executive and judicial branches of the government. (3 branches)2. Separation of powersa. No branch is allowed to become more powerful than anotherb. System of checks and balances to make sure
25 Article III – Suffrage and Elections Suffrage means the right to voteYou must be 18 years of age to vote in IllinoisYou must be a resident of Illinois for at least 30 daysYou cannot vote while you are in jail or if you were convicted of a felony (major crime)Your right to vote is returned to you if you complete your sentenceVoting is a privilege, not a right! You can lose it.
26 Article IV – Legislative Branch (Makes the Laws) The General Assembly is when the Senate and the House of Representatives meets togetherMembers must be 21, a resident of their district for 2 years and a citizen.There are 59 districts with 1 senator and 2 representatives eacha. 3 for each districtb. Redistrict after each U.S. census
27 Article IVSenators have a 4 year term; representatives have a 2 year termThe chairman (leader) of the Senate is called the President of the SenateThe leader of the House of Rep. is called the Speaker of the HouseIn case of Impeachment ( to impeach means to accuse of wrongdoing), the House of Rep. starts the proceedings (investigation) and the Senate will hold the trial
28 Article IVA bill becomes a law by passing both the House and Senate and then being signed by the governorIt can also be held unsigned for 60 days and then it will become a lawA governor may veto (vote “no”) all of a bill or just parts of it11. To pass a bill over a veto requires a 3/5 vote from the both the House and the Senate
29 How a Bill becomes a LawLegislator introduces a bill (idea) to their part of the General AssemblyThe bill is given a number and a title and then read for the first time (the whole thing isn’t read, just the number and title part. Some bills could be really long)The bill is assigned to a committee to examine if this idea could worka. If it does not pass, it is deadb. If it does, it goes before the entire house
30 Bill becoming a LawThe bill is read a second time and other legislators may add amendments to itThe bill is read a third time, debated over and voted on by the entire houseIf it passes, it must be sent to the other house and all of the previous steps must be followed again
31 Bill becoming a LawIf the bill passes the second house, it is sent to the governorThe governor can then:a. Sign it into lawb. Veto by sending it back to its house of origin with objectionsc. Leave it alone for 60 days and then it will become alaw automatically(A governor can veto the bill anytime during those 60 days)
32 Article V – Executive Branch (Enforces the Law) The Governor:a. Must account for all fundsb. Can appoint and remove officersc. Can grant reprieves (temporary suspension or delay in sentence)d. Can grant pardons (set free from punishment)e. Commands the National Guard (our militia)f. Can assemble the Senate to elect a President (if needed)
33 Article VThe Governor must be 25 years old, resident for 3 years, serve 4 year termOther Executive Officers: (also must be 25, serve 4 year term)a. Lieutenant Governor – second in commandb. Attorney General – Legal officer, states lawyerc. Secretary of state – Maintains recordsd. Comptroller – Deposits and holds moneye. Treasurer – Approves payments, writes checks
34 Executive Officers Governor Lt. Governor Comptroller Treasurer Secretary of State Attorney GeneralPatrick QuinnSheila SimonDan RutherfordJudy Barr TopinkaJesse WhiteLisa Madigan
35 Article VI – Judicial Branch (Interprets Laws and Justice) 3 Illinois Court Systems:a. Circuit Court – all cases start hereb. Appellate Court – you can appeal or ask for your case to be looked at again if convicted the first timec. Supreme Court – if case gets this far, their ruling is considered finalSupreme Court has 7 judges (3 from Cook county area)a. Chief Justice runs the groupb. All serve 10 year termsc. Can run for re-election without opposition
36 Article VII – Local Government The basic subdivision of Illinois is called the countya. There are 102 counties in IllinoisThe county is responsible for many areas of government such as:Police CourtsRoads Land useTaxes ElectionsHealth Care ParksLicensing etc…
37 Article VIICounties are also divided into townships which take care of :a. Rural roadsb. Assistance to the needyc. Assessment (evaluation) of propertyThe 1970 Constitution gave counties and cities more power to deal with local problemsThis is called Home RuleThis is all designed so that every problem does not fall into one group’s responsibility
38 Article VIII - Finance Article IX – Revenue The state taxes in 3 ways: Illinois public funds (money), property or credit may only be used for public purposesArticle IX – RevenueThe state taxes in 3 ways:Property tax – house, landSales tax – clothes, food, etc…Income tax – the amount of money that you make at your job
39 Article XI – Healthful Environment Article X - EducationThe 1970 Constitution set up a State Board of EducationFree education from Kindergarten through 12th gradeIllinois does not pay for collegeArticle XI – Healthful EnvironmentIt is the policy of the State of Illinois and the duty of each person to maintain a healthful environment. Pick up after yourself.
40 Article XII – State Militia The Governor is the Commander–in–Chief of the National Guard (The National Guard is a branch of the U.S. Army. It protects our state and helps during crisis situations.)Article XIII – General ProvisionsPeople convicted of major crimes are ineligible to hold public office.a. Must take oath swearing you will follow laws of Illinoisb. Break the oath and you face possible impeachment.
41 Article XIV – Changing the State Constitution There are 3 provisions:a. 3/5 of the General Assembly must call for a convention. The people of Illinois must approve this call and also the proposals being made for itb. 3/5 of the General Assembly is needed to propose amendments to the people of Illinoisc. 3/5 of the General Assembly is needed or a majority is needed to vote on any proposals for passage
42 Your Illinois Senator & Representative These people have local offices in McHenry County and represent us in the General Assembly:32nd District State Senator: Pamela Althoff64th District State Representative: Michael W. TryonYour U.S. RepresentativesThese people have offices in Illinois but represent us in Washington D.C.:16th District U.S. Representative: Don ManzulloIllinois State Senators: Dick Durbin and Mark Kirk.