Presentation on theme: "How to Become a Mathematics Professor"— Presentation transcript:
1How to Become a Mathematics Professor Michael A. Karls
2Decide to Attend Graduate School Choose a graduate school!Things to consider:Mathematics programResearch areasLocation of schoolFinancial aid availableTeaching Assistantship (TA)Research Assistantship (RA)Fellowships
3Graduate Degrees in Mathematics (UWM) As an example, UW-Milwaukee offers the following graduate degrees in mathematics:Master of Science Degree (M.S.)Standard Mathematics/StatisticsIndustrial MathematicsAtmospheric SciencesApplied StatisticsDoctor of Philosophy in Mathematics (Ph.D.)
4Getting into Graduate School (UWM) UW-Milwaukee’s Graduate School has the following minimum requirements for all applicants:Bachelor’s degree2.75 undergraduate grade point average (4.0 scale)Official transcriptsEnglish proficiencyReasons for graduate study (including goals and background)Application feeApplication is done on line - once complete, it is forwarded to the department or program of interest.
5Getting into Graduate School (UWM) Individual graduate programs may have additional requirements, earlier deadlines, or choose to admit students only in particular terms.The program reviews your application and makes a recommendation on your admission to the Graduate School.Additional items that a department may require:Graduate Record Examination (GRE)GRE Subject TestLetters of recommendation
6Additional Requirements for Graduate School in Mathematics (UWM) General GRE scores are recommended.GRE Mathematics Subject Test scores are appreciated (not required).For financial support consideration, applicants also need to include:Request for Support Cover SheetThree letters of recommendationA list of mathematics courses taken (including the college or university, textbook used, and final grade).
7Additional Requirements for Graduate School in Mathematics (UWM) For the standard Mathematics/Statistics Option, an applicant must meet Graduate School requirements plus these departmental requirements to be considered for admission to the program:Completion of three semesters of undergraduate calculus.At least 18 credits of acceptable undergraduate preparation beyond calculus.Applicants may be admitted with specific program-defined course deficiencies provided that the deficiencies amount to no more than two courses.The student is expected to satisfy deficiency requirements within three enrolled semesters.The deficiencies are monitored by the Graduate School and the individual graduate program unit.No course credits earned in making up deficiencies may be counted as program credits required for the degree.
8Financial Support (UWM) Graduate Teaching AssistantshipsMost students are supported as Teaching Assistants.These half-time teaching positions include a remission of all tuition and the opportunity for health insurance coverage.The TA stipend is negotiated by the Milwaukee Graduate Assistants Association (MGAA) and for the academic year range from $11,685 to $16,268 depending on the degree program and progress toward the degree.Chancellor's Fellowship AwardsApplicants with excellent records are offered Chancellor's Fellowship Awards, ranging from $1000 to $7000 as supplements to their other support.These awards are renewable for several years, depending on satisfactory progress being made toward the degree.No application is necessary; every applicant is considered for these awards.
9Financial Support (UWM) GAANN FellowshipThe department has several Graduate Assistants in Areas of National Need (GAANN) Fellowships available to support U.S. citizens or permanent residents.These fellowships provide full tuition, a 12-month stipend, health insurance, and a reduced teaching load (typically one semester per year).GAANN Fellowships are renewable for up to three years.Research/Project AssistantshipsSome faculty members have support for research assistants or project assistants as part of their research funding.These positions pay a semester or academic year stipend, have remission of tuition and offer health insurance.The duties of the positions are determined by the faculty members.These faculty select who they want for their positions from among current students and admitted applicants.There is no application for these positions.
10Financial Support (UWM) Graduate School FellowshipsOutstanding applicants may apply for a Graduate School Fellowship.This fellowship pays a 9-month stipend, remits all tuition, offers health insurance and does not require any teaching during the year.This fellowship is not renewable.The deadline for application is January 15 each year. General GRE scores are required.Advanced Opportunity Program (AOP) Fellowships:These fellowships are available to qualified new and continuing graduate students who are members of groups underrepresented in graduate study or who are otherwise disadvantaged minority applicants. More information is available at the program website. Application deadline is typically January 15 each year.
11You get in—now what?Usually offers that include assistantships are sent out by early April (often earlier) for the following fall semester.Find a place to liveDormsAffordable for one personLess living spaceApartmentNeed roommate to affordMost common housing choiceRoom in family’s homeOther
12First week of graduate school TA meetingsOrientationMeet other studentsPractice teaching sessionsPractice labs set up (physics grad school)Talks by other students about teachingSocial events with “senior” grad studentsSign up for classesGet teaching assignmentPhysics grad school—two sections of labMath grad school—two sections remedial algebra
13Master’s Program Requirements - Mathematics/Statistics Option (UWM) Minimum degree requirement is 24 to 36 credits24 credits from mathematics courses, at least 18 credits of which are numbered 700 or above; or30 credits from mathematics courses, at least 12 credits of which are numbered 700 or above; orAt least 36 credits in mathematics courses open for graduate credit.Under the 30-credit option, up to 9 credits may be in approved courses from outside the Department.Under the 36 credit option, up to 12 credits may be taken in approved courses from outside the Department.
14Master’s Program Requirements - Mathematics/Statistics Option (UWM) Major Professor as AdvisorThe student must have a major professor to advise and supervise the student's studies as specified in Graduate School regulations.The entering graduate student is assigned a temporary advisor by the Department Graduate Program Coordinator.ThesisA thesis is optional.A maximum of 3 credits of thesis may be counted toward the degree requirements.An acceptable thesis will represent an original contribution and may involve applications, a novel exposition, or computational aspects of a mathematical problem or theory.The student must pass an oral defense of the thesis.
15Master’s Program Requirements - Mathematics/Statistics Option (UWM) Examination or Project: Each student who does not elect the thesis option must satisfy one of the following requirements:Pass a written comprehensive examination.Analysis and Algebra ExamsGiven three times per year (Fall, Spring, Summer).Present a satisfactory oral and written report on a comprehensive project done under the supervision of a faculty advisor.The project option is only open to students who complete the 36 credit graduation requirement.
16Master’s Program Requirements - Mathematics/Statistics Option (UWM) Time LimitUnder the 24 or 30 credit option, the student must complete all degree requirements within five years of initial enrollment.Under the 36 credit option, the student must complete all degree requirements within seven years of initial enrollment.GPA Requirement (when I was in school)3.5 needed for graduationLower GPA => oral examination must be passed to graduate.
17PhD in Mathematics (UWM) AdmissionApplicant must meet Graduate School requirements plus departmental requirements as given for admission to the master's program.A master's degree is not a prerequisite for admission to this PhD program.ReapplicationA student who receives the master's degree must formally reapply for admission to the Graduate School before continuing studies toward the PhD.
18PhD in Mathematics (UWM) Major Professor as AdvisorThe student must have a major professor to advise and supervise the student's studies as specified in Graduate School regulations.The entering graduate student is assigned a temporary advisor by the Department Graduate Program Coordinator.
19PhD in Mathematics (UWM) Course of StudyMinimum degree requirement is 54 graduate credits beyond the bachelor's degree, at least 27 of which must be earned in residence at UWM.The student, in consultation with the major professor, must select both a primary and a secondary area of specialization.The primary area may be chosen from one of the following seven fields with minimum credit requirements as shown.The secondary area may be chosen from another of these fields or may be chosen from another appropriate department.Minimum course requirements for all work in both areas of specialization require approximately two full years of study.
20PhD in Mathematics (UWM) Algebra field: 12 credits in algebra; 3 in complex analysis; 3 in real analysis; 3 in topology; 3 in applied mathematics; 3 outside the field.Analysis field: 3 credits in algebra; 6 in complex analysis; 6 in real analysis; 3 in topology; 3 in applied mathematics; 3 outside the field.Applied mathematics field: 3 credits in algebra; 6 in complex analysis; 3 in real analysis; 12 in applied mathematics; 3 outside the field.
21PhD in Mathematics (UWM) Probability and statistics: 3 credits in complex analysis; 6 in real analysis; 12 in probability and statistics; 3 in applied mathematics.Topology field. 3 credits in algebra; 3 in complex analysis; 3 in real analysis; 12 in topology; 3 in applied mathematics; 3 outside the field.Industrial mathematics field: 3 credits in algebra or topology; 3 in complex analysis; 3 in real analysis; 9 in applied mathematics; 6 in probability and statistics; 6 in approved credits outside the 600 and 601 curricular codes.Atmospheric sciences field: 12 credits in atmospheric sciences (synoptic, dynamic, cloud/radiative, air pollution); 9 in applied mathematics or probability and statistics; 3 in analysis.
22PhD in Mathematics (UWM) Foreign LanguageExcept for students in the atmospheric sciences field, each student must pass a written examination in one foreign language.The examination is administered by the Department's Language Committee.Acceptable languages are French, German, and Russian; exceptions may be permitted upon written request of advisor.Computer ProficiencyThe student shall pass an examination on a higher programming language and/or other appropriate advanced computer skills.The examinations are administered by the Department's Computer Committee.The Computer Committee may accept advanced computer science course work in lieu of the examination.ResidenceThe student must meet minimum Graduate School residence requirements.
23PhD in Mathematics (UWM) Doctoral Preliminary ExaminationWhen the student is sufficiently prepared — normally when the student has earned 24 credits in specified areas above the 700 level — a doctoral preliminary examination to determine the student's knowledge and achievement is taken.For students in mathematics, the exam evaluates the student's general knowledge of mathematics, as well as the student's knowledge of the major area of concentration.Students in atmospheric sciences are examined in three areas: at least one from the 190 curricular area code and at least one from the 600/601 curricular area codes.Students must pass this examination to continue in the program.With permission of the examination committee, the student may repeat this examination once.If the student does not have a master's degree in mathematics before this examination, the committee will determine whether the student's performance is sufficient to qualify for the master's degree.
24PhD in Mathematics (UWM) Doctoral Dissertation Proposal HearingAfter passing the language requirements and the doctoral preliminary examination, the student participates in a doctoral dissertation proposal hearing.At this hearing, the student is examined on the student's chosen area of research and a dissertation topic is approved.DissertationThe primary requirement for the PhD in mathematics is the candidate's completion, under the supervision of the Department advisor, of an original and significant mathematical investigation presented in the form of a dissertation.The investigation is to be in the field of algebra, analysis, applied mathematics, probability and statistics, topology, or atmospheric sciences.A dissertation for the industrial mathematics field must involve an industrial problem requiring a mathematical solution.
25PhD in Mathematics (UWM) Dissertation DefenseThe candidate must, as the final step toward the degree, present a colloquium based on the dissertation and must pass an oral examination in defense of the dissertation.If the candidate does not successfully defend a thesis within five years of admission to candidacy, the candidate may be required to take another doctoral preliminary examination and be readmitted to candidacy.Time LimitAll degree requirements must be completed within ten years from the date of initial enrollment in the doctoral program.
26Looking for an Academic Job Position announcements appear in fall semester for openings that start the following fall semester.AMS Employment in the Mathematical Sciences (EIMS)MAA Math ClassifiedsChronicle of Higher Education
27Example of a Job Announcement in EIMS (9/10/07) Saint Mary’s CollegeThe Department of Mathematics at Saint Mary’s College is accepting applications for a tenure-track position to begin in August, 2008.Requirements include a Ph.D. in mathematics or mathematics education with specialization in Operations Research or K-12 Mathematics Education.The ideal candidate will be a broadly trained mathematician with an expressed, preferably demonstrated, interest in teaching at the undergraduate level, including general education courses in applied, finite and discrete mathematics.Duties beyond teaching include individual consultation with students, directing undergraduate mathematics projects, appropriate scholarly and professional activities, and college service.Numerous opportunities exist for teaching, consulting, and research collaborations across campus as well as in the community.In addition to being strongly committed to undergraduate teaching, viable candidates must demonstrate their potential to contribute to the diversity and excellence of the academic community through their teaching, research and scholarly activity, and service.
28Example of a Job Announcement in EIMS (9/10/07) Applications which are completed by December 4, 2007 will be given full consideration. However, applications will continue to be accepted until the position is filled.A complete application includes a curriculum vitae with the candidate’s philosophy of teaching, post-secondary transcripts, and three letters of reference, at least two addressing teaching.Saint Mary's College, with an enrollment of 1600 and ranked nationally in the top 100 liberal arts colleges by U. S. News, is a four-year Catholic liberal arts college for women sponsored by the Sisters of the Holy Cross. Saint Mary’s College is an Equal Opportunity Employer. The College has a strong institutional commitment to diversity and seeks applications from historically underrepresented racial and ethnic minority groups, those who have had multicultural experience, and those who can demonstrate a commitment to diversity.Application materials should be sent to: Donald E. Miller, Chair Department of Mathematics Saint Mary’s College Notre Dame, IN
29Joint Meetings of the AMS/MAA Held each winterOne of the largest meetings for professional mathematiciansEmployment RegisterEmployers post positions availableJob seekers fill out cover sheet outlining background and interestEmployers request applicantsApplicants request employersComputers match requestsMini interviews are held (15 minutes)Additional interviews are held outside of employment registerIn 1993 when I was looking for a positionApproximately 600 PhD’s looking for a jobI got 12 interviews at Employment RegisterBall State interviewed me outside of register
30Typical Academic Position Job Interview Candidate is invited to campus by search committeeInterview takes place over two daysDay 1:Candidate arrivesSearch Committee members take candidate out to dinnerDay 2:Informal breakfast with department membersMeeting with departmental Promotion and Tenure CommitteeMeeting with College DeanCampus TourLunch with selected faculty membersGeneral talk on research to department faculty and students“Chalk Talk” on research with faculty in research areaCity tour, including housing in areaDinner with department chairReception with departmental facultyDay 3:Candidate departs
31Professor! Main Responsibilities Teaching Research Service 8-9 credit hours/semester3 hr prep per hour in class ) prep hours32-36 hours for teachingResearchPublish refereed journal articlesGive talks on researchAttend conferences and workshopsServiceDepartmental committeesCollege and University committeesHiring committeesState and National committees and boardsProfessional meetings
32Professor! Tenure Rank Seven year probationary period Rated on each of the three areasAll three needed to be tenuredRankAssistant ProfessorAssociate ProfessorProfessor