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The Magic Rainforest Information about the Amazon Rainforest.

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Presentation on theme: "The Magic Rainforest Information about the Amazon Rainforest."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Magic Rainforest Information about the Amazon Rainforest

2 Did you know there are two types of rainforest? The temperate and the tropical!

3  Tropical rainforests are found close to the equator.  Temperate rainforests are found along coasts in the temperate zone, such as the Pacific Northwest of the USA.  Both are endangered!

4  Fifty seven percent of all tropical rainforests are found in Latin America.  One third of the world's tropical rainforests are in Brazil.  The Amazon Rainforest is the largest tropical rainforest in the world. It covers 2.5 million square miles – about two thirds of the United States would fit into it! It stretches across South America and occupies regions including Brazil, Peru, Colombia and Ecuador.

5 The Amazon Rainforest

6  It is home to around 2 and a half million different insects species as well as over 40,000 plant species.  There are also a number of dangerous animals living in the Amazon rainforest such the cougar, jaguar, and anaconda.

7 The four layers of tropical rainforests  Emergent  Canopy  Understory  Forest Floor

8 Emergent Layer  These giant trees enjoy the greatest amount of sunlight but also must endure high temperatures, low humidity, and strong winds

9 Canopy Layer  The tops of these trees form a tight, continuous canopy 60 to 90 feet above the ground

10 Understory Layer  Only a little sunshine reaches these plants so they have to grow larger leaves to reach the sunlight

11 Forest Floor  Since there is almost no sunlight, only certain plants that have have adapted to very low light grow here

12 The “Lungs of the Planet”  The plants of the rainforests provide a large part of the earth's oxygen supply so the Amazon Rainforest is referred to as the “Lungs of the Planet”  More than 20% of the world’s oxygen is produced by the Amazon  Destruction of rainforests could mean increased global climate change and worsening pollution

13  Sadly, the Amazon is being destroyed by climate change and deforestation.

14  Trees are being cut down to make paper, cardboard, and furniture.  There are more cattle than ever before which means they need more rainforest land to satisfy their needs.  Roads are being built through the rainforest, endangering the environment as well as the lives of native Amazon tribes.

15  Because we are not taking care of the Amazon Rainforest, there is:  Soil erosion,  Water and air pollution, and  A loss of biodiversity because plans and animals are becoming extinct.  If we don’t do something about it, our planet will lose oxygen and many plants and animals.

16 Questions to think about:  What are the characteristics of a rainforest?  What animals and plants live in the rainforest?  What do you think it would be like to live in the rainforest?

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