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REVISION Tropical Rainforest Case Study Papua New Guinea.

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1 REVISION Tropical Rainforest Case Study Papua New Guinea

2 What do these words mean? Exploitation Sustainable Development Conservation

3 Key Terms  Exploitation -environment is used in a way that it will be of no use to future generations  Sustainable development -development of an area in a way that will help preserve it for future use  Conservation - managing the environment in a way to protect it from change

4 Introduction  Where is the case study?  What kind of ecosystem exists in Papua New Guinea?  Provide information on the population


6 Introduction  Where: Eastern half of New Guinea and surrounding islands, SE of Asia, NW of Australia  What: Consists of rainforest (3rd largest area in world) & coral reefs Rich ecosystem (9000 species plant, 250 species of mammal, 700 species of bird) 4 National Parks including ‘McAdam’  Who: Population: 4.5 M, many living in rainforests farming for themselves. Difficult to provide services to people; 70%literacy rate but lower in remote area, 12,500 people to a doctor

7 Exploitation  Government plans exists attempting to legalise logging.  The rainforest has been mapped and areas sold to TNC’s for logging  Land owners are not consulted and made to agree for little money in return  Landowners get 10 kina per m3  Loggers sell at 160 kina per m3


9 Exploitation  Give examples of exploitation in Papua New Guinea. Be specific- where are we talking about?

10 Aitape  Government organised logging of 5,000 hectares, 85% owned by companies, 15% by locals.  To be cleared to grow palm oil but this needs fertile soils and nutrients are lost after felling.  A drop in the hardwood markets resulted in the project stopping after clearance of 1,000 hectares.  What are the problems with this???

11 Sissano Lagoon  Area with high priority for marine bio-diversity & prawn fishing.  A very fragile coral reef ecosystem.  In 1996, Lou Oil Palm Project planned for area. This involved moving the Sissano community inland.  Forests were lost which in turn altered sediment levels which disturbed and killed off coral reef.

12 Sustainable Development  Many countries have given aid to Papua New Guinea to help them to sustainably develop the rainforest.


14 Examples of sustainable development  Outline what happened at Kikori Basin.  Explain about the Collingwood Bay Community Land Care Project.

15 Kikori Basin  Chevron Inc discovered oil here in 1990’s and a pipeline was built to export oil.  Partnership between Chevron and Kutubu Joint Venture Project exists to work with locals to allow them to use resources e.g. sale of butterflies, fish farming to managing conserved areas.  Training for locals is provided. As a result 10,000 villagers lives and environment has improved.

16 Collingwood Bay  To protect nature and cultural heritage.  To help Masin locals plan for sustainable development through ecotourism.  Development of cottage industries – Greenpeace has helped with the selling of Tapa cloth in the USA.  Production is kept small-scale.

17 Tapa Cloth

18 Examples of Conservation Crater Mountain

19 Eco-lodges

20 Conservation  Ecotourism has been introduced to help conserve Crater Mountain.  Crater Mountain is an area filled with various species of wildlife but also threatened by logging, mining and oil drilling.  The area was declared a Wildlife Management area to encourage the government not to permit destruction of the area.  They have now set up eco-lodges built for visitors to experience a nature-based holiday and local people were used as guides.  Literacy levels amongst guides were a problem.

21 Conflicts between groups of people involved  What do you think the main conflicts were?  What would the TNC’s opinions be?  What would the local tribes people’s opinions be?

22 Typical Questions  With reference to an area you have studied explain how exploitation affects the tropical rainforest [6]  Explain what is meant by the term ‘sustainable development’ [2]. With reference to an area you have studied describe sustainable projects put in place and how they affected the local area and people [6]

23 LEARN IT!! Remember to be specific! You should have all of these notes already but see the school website if you are missing anything. Classrooms>Geography>GCSE Revision

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