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Presentation on theme: "Msdevcon.ru#msdevcon. Mobile Services Paolo Salvatori Microsoft."— Presentation transcript:

1 msdevcon.ru#msdevcon

2 Mobile Services Paolo Salvatori Microsoft

3 Paolo Salvatori Senior Program Manager Microsoft

4 Agenda  1 st Hour: Introduction to Mobile Services (45 minutes)  General Architecture  Management Portal  REST API  Break (15 minutes)

5

6 Enterprises want to manage internal mobile apps and consumer facing event- or product- specific mobile apps from the same portal as core LOB apps Small Businesses require solutions that accelerate development time and decrease development costs. Developers shouldn’t have to constantly reinvent the wheel and reproduce common backend functionality Consumers expect a continuous experience across all devices App Development Challenges

7 Windows Azure Mobile Services addresses each of those challenges.

8 Windows Azure Mobile Services accelerates connected client application development by streamlining common backend tasks like structuring storage, authenticating users, and sending push notifications.

9 Key Scenarios Make your app engaging and dynamic Push notifications and Live Tiles is the premier way to engage your customers. Make your app engaging and dynamic using Mobile Services Push. Rapid Development Time is money. Get your app up and running sooner when you use Mobile Services to configure a secure backend in less than five minutes. Make your app social Whether your customers use Google, Facebook, Twitter, or Microsoft Account, no matter what devices they run your app on, with Mobile Services you can makes your app social and personable fast.

10 3 Windows Store iOS Android Windows Phone 8 iOS Android HTML 5/JS SDKs Server- Side Scripts & Scheduler Basic Features

11 Supported Platforms

12 Architecture Portal Zumo Resource Provider Zumo Mgmt DB Site 1 Zumo Runtime SQL 1 Scheduler RDFE Site 2 Site N Azure SDK 3 rd party SDKS SQL 2 SQL N Azure LB\ARR App Scripts Win8 Device iPhone

13 Management Portal

14 Dashboard  Quick glance  Displays relevant mobile service information, including the service URL, status, location, database and subscription  Usage Timeline:  Displays a scalable chart of CPU time, API calls and data reads over a specific period of time.  Usage Overview:  Displays an overview of the total compute time and storage used by this mobile service  Manage Keys  Delete  Delete the Mobile Service

15 Data  In Windows Azure Mobile Services, data is stored in tables, which are maintained in the Windows Azure SQL Database that is associated with your mobile service.  Click the Create button to add a new table to your mobile service.  By default, you don’t need to predefine the schema of tables in your database.  Mobile Services automatically add columns to a table based on the data you insert. To change this dynamic schema behavior, use the Dynamic Schema setting on the Configure tab.  To browse data, manage permissions and indexes on tables, or add server scripts, click on a table in the list.  To delete a table, click to select a table row, and then click Delete.

16 Browse  The Browse tab lets you browse data rows in a selected table.  Click the forward and back arrows to navigate through multiple pages of data.  Click on table names in the left navigation bar to switch between tables.  Click on the large left arrow to go back to the Data tab.

17 Script  Mobile Services enables you to register JavaScript code to be executed by the service when an insert, update, delete, or read operation occurs against a specific table.  For each table there are 4 CRUD operations (insert, read, update, del)  These scripts provide the ability to inject business logic into table operation, stop an operation from taking place, change or enrich values supplied to the operation or change the results.  For authenticated clients, you can also perform user-specific authorizations based on the userId value of the supplied user object.

18 Columns  To delete columns, click the column and then click Delete.  To add additional columns to the table, simply send an insert request including the new properties from your app with dynamic schema enabled.  Once a column is created, its data type cannot be changed by Mobile Services.  Insert or update operations fail when the type of a property in the JSON object cannot be converted to the type of the equivalent column in the table.  You can improve the performance of queries by defining an index on the table.  To add a column to the index, select the column and click Set as Index.

19 Permissions  Mobile Services enables you to set the following permissions on table operations:  Everyone: request for the operation against the table is accepted. This option leaves your data wide-open for everyone to access.  Anybody with the Application Key: The application key is required to perform the operation. The application key is distributed with the application. Note: Because this key is not securely distributed, it cannot be considered a security token. To secure access to your mobile service data, you must instead authenticate users before accessing.  Only Authenticated Users: Only authenticated users are permitted to perform the operation. Scripts can be used to further restrict access to tables based on an authenticated user.  Only Scripts and Admins: The operation requires the service master key, which limits the operation only to registered scripts or to administrator accounts

20 Scheduler  Mobile Services enables you to register JavaScript code to be executed by the service either on a schedule that you define or on- demand from the Management Portal.  Removing duplicate records from a table.  Backing up a database.  Send a report via .  When your mobile service runs in free mode, you can create only one scheduled job at a time; in reserved mode, you can create up to ten scheduled jobs at the same time.

21 Push  Mobile Services can send push notifications to your apps.  The way that you configure and send push notifications depends on your app.  You can send push notifications to the following applications:  Windows Store app by using the Windows Push Notification Service (WNS). To send push notifications to your app, you must configure your mobile service to work with WNS.  iPhone and iPad apps by using the Apple Push Notification Service (APNS). To send push notifications to your app, you must configure your mobile service to work with APNS. Do this by generating a special push notification certificate at the iOS Provisioning Portal  Android: You can send push notifications to Android apps by using the Google Cloud Messaging (GCM) service. To send push notifications to your app, you must configure your mobile service to work with GCM.  Windows Phone 8 app by using the Microsoft Push Notification Service (MPNS). Mobile Services does not require you to register your Windows Phone 8 app to send push notifications.

22 Identity  Mobile Services integrates with the following identity providers to make it easy to authenticate users from your app:  Microsoft Account  Facebook login  Twitter login  Google login  To enable authentication, you must first register your app with one or more of these identity providers and then configure your mobile service.  You must also add authentication code to your app.  When a user login is authenticated by Mobile Services, the value of the userId property on the user object passed to server scripts is set to a value that uniquely identifies a user. This value can then be used to authorize access to data.

23 Configure  You can directly access to the database used by your mobile service just clicking the link.  You can change the database used by your mobile service to store data with a new or existing DB by clicking Change DB and select one of the following options.  Enable/disable dynamic schema.  In reserved mode, you can configure endpoint monitoring.

24 Scale  On the Scale tab, you can scale your mobile service by switching to reserved mode and adding role instances.  You can also scale the Windows Azure SQL Database instance used by the service.  Note: When you set the Mobile service mode to Reserved, all of your mobile services in the same region run in Reserved mode.  To estimate the cost required to scale your mobile service, see the Mobile Services Pricing Calculator.

25 Log  Mobile Services writes system and script errors to the log.  Click on a log entry to view details and copy to the clipboard.  Click the link in the Source column to directly jump to the script that generated the error.  Note: Existing log entries can be viewed in the Management Portal for 7 days.  Your registered server scripts can also write information directly to the log by using the console object.

26 DEMO Create your first Mobile Service

27 REST API

28 OperationDescription LoginGets the user ID for a supplied authentication token. Query recordsQueries data in a table. Insert recordInserts a new record into a table. Update recordUpdates an existing record in a table. Delete recordDeletes an existing record from a table.

29 Login  Verb: POST  URL: https://.azure-mobile.net/login?mode=authenticationToken  Uri Parameter: mode  Request Headers:  Body: JSON object {"authenticationToken":“ "} for Microsoft {“access_token":“ "} for Facebook and Google  Response: JSON object {"user":{"userId":" :cb392ceae24a44408ed863482b20f274"}, "authenticationToken":" "} Request HeaderRequired Value AcceptNoSet this header to application/json. Content-LengthYesThe length of the request body. Content-TypeNoSet this header to application/json.

30 Query Records  Verb: GET  URL: https://.azure-mobile.net/tables/  URI Parameters: $filter, $inlinecount, $orderby, $select, $skip, $top  Request Headers:  Response: data in JSON format  Samples:  GET https://plunko.azure-mobile.net/tables/todoitem  GET https://plunko.azure-mobile.net/tables/todoitem/1  GET https://plunko.azure-mobile.net/tables/todoitem?$filter=(complete%20eq%20false)  GET https://plunko.azure-mobile.net/tables/todoitem?$filter=(complete%20eq%20false)&$orderby=text%20asc Request HeaderRequired Value AcceptNoSet this header to application/json. X-zumo-applicationConditional The application key of the mobile service. You must specify a valid application key when required to access the table operation. This is the default table operation access permission. X-zumo-authConditional The service-generated authentication token for an authenticated user. You must specify a token for an authenticated user when required to access the table operation.

31 Insert Record  Verb: POST  URL: https://.azure-mobile.net/tables/  Request Headers:  Body: new record in JSON format  Response: The JSON representation of the inserted item, which includes the ID for the item generated by the mobile service.  Sample:  POST https://plunko.azure-mobile.net/tables/todoitem  Body: {"text" : "Go to Las Vegas", "complete": false, "when" : "don't know"} Request HeaderRequired Value AcceptNoSet this header to application/json. Content-LengthYesThe length of the request body. Content-TypeNoSet this header to application/json. X-zumo-applicationConditionalThe application key of the mobile service. X-zumo-authConditionalThe service-generated authentication token for an authenticated user.

32 Update Record  Verb: PATCH  URL: https://.azure-mobile.net/tables/ /  Request Headers:  Body: The updated values encoded in JSON format, along with the optional id value of the object.  Response: The JSON representation of the updated item  Sample:  PATCH https://plunko.azure-mobile.net/tables/todoitem/1  Body: {"text" : "Go to Barcelona", "complete": false, "when" : "don't know"} Request HeaderRequired Value AcceptNoSet this header to application/json. Content-LengthYesThe length of the request body. Content-TypeNoSet this header to application/json. X-zumo-applicationConditionalThe application key of the mobile service. X-zumo-authConditionalThe service-generated authentication token for an authenticated user.

33 Delete Record  Verb: DELETE  URL: https://.azure-mobile.net/tables/ /  Request Headers:  Body: none  Response: none  Sample:  DELETE https://plunko.azure-mobile.net/tables/todoitem/6 Request HeaderRequired Value X-zumo-applicationConditionalThe application key of the mobile service. X-zumo-authConditionalThe service-generated authentication token for an authenticated user.

34 HttpClient and Mobile Services private async void btnSend_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) { try { var httpClient = new HttpClient(); var uri = new Uri("https://.azure-mobile.net/tables/TodoItem"); httpClient.DefaultRequestHeaders.Accept.Add(new MediaTypeWithQualityHeaderValue("application/json")); httpClient.DefaultRequestHeaders.Add("x-zumo-application", “ "); httpClient.DefaultRequestHeaders.Host = uri.Host; var todoItem = new TodoItem {Text = txtText.Text, Complete = false}; var serializer = new DataContractJsonSerializer(typeof (TodoItem)); using (var stream = new MemoryStream()) { serializer.WriteObject(stream, todoItem); stream.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.Begin); //use a Stream reader to construct the StringContent (Json) using (var reader = new StreamReader(stream)) { var response = await httpClient.PostAsync(uri, new StringContent(reader.ReadToEnd(), Encoding.UTF8, "application/json")); WriteToLog(response.IsSuccessStatusCode ? string.Format("Message successfully inserted!", txtText.Text) : string.Format("HTTP Status: Reason: ", response.StatusCode, response.ReasonPhrase)); } catch (Exception ex) { WriteToLog(ex.Message); }

35 Break

36 Agenda  2 nd Hour: Server Scripts (45 minutes)  Server script objects  Server script modules  Configure user authentication:  Windows Live  Facebook  Twitter  Google  User object and integration with identity providers  Data validation and duplicate detection  Administer Mobile Services using Windows Azure Cross-Platform Command Line tool  Break (15 minutes)

37 Server Script Objects

38 Objects NameDescription apns Provide functionality to send notifications to Apple Push Notification Service (APNS) console Write information to Services logs gcm Provide functionality to send notifications to Google Cloud Messaging (GCM) mpns Provide functionality to send notifications to Microsoft Push Notification Service (MPNS) mssql Provides functionality for working directly with tables in the SQL Database using Transact-SQL push Provides access to objects that are used for sending push notifications to apps Query Provides functionality for querying Windows Azure Mobile Services Request Used to execute the requested operation and determine the response to the client statusCodes Enumerates the supported HTTP status codes can be returned by Windows Azure Mobile Services Table Provides functionality for working with specific tables (insert, del, update, where, take, select, etc.) tables Provides functionality for working with specific tables as a Table object instance User Represents the current requesting user. wns Provide functionality to send notifications to Windows Notification Service (WNS)

39 Samples console object console.log("Inserting item '%j'.", item); // %j for 'JSON' console.error("Operation failed: ", error); mssql object mssql.query('select * from orders where country = "Russia"', { success: function (results) { console.log(results); } });

40 Samples Query object: is passed to read scripts function read(query, user, request) { query.where({ userId: user.userId }); request.execute(); } Request object: is passed to all scripts request.execute(); //Executes the default behavior for the operation request.respond(); //Writes the default response request.respond(error); //Writes a response with the specified error

41 Samples Tables and Table objects function insert(item, user, request) { var addressTable = tables.getTable('address'); addressTable.where({userId: user.userId}).read({success: function (results) { item.address = results.length > 0 ? results[0] : ' unknown '; request.execute(); } }); }

42 Server Script Modules

43 Modules NameDescription azure Provides functionality to access Azure services (Blobs, Tables, Service Bus) request Sends HTTP requests to external web services, such as Twitter and Facebook. sendgrid Used to send by using the Sendgrid service. util Provides useful methods like format, isDate, isArray, isError xml2js XML to JavaScript object converter js2xml JavaScript to XML object converter xmlbuilder Can be used to create XML documents sax A very simple tool to parse through an XML string

44 Samples Request var request = require('request'); var url = 'https://api.twitter.com/1/users/show.json?screen_name=babosbird'; request(url, function(error, response, body) { if (error) { console.error(error); } else { var data = JSON.parse(body); console.log(data); } });

45 Samples SendGrid function send (text) { var sendgrid = new SendGrid(' ', (' '); sendgrid.send({ to: from: subject: ‘ACME Newsletter', text: text }, function (success, message) { // If the failed to send, log it as an error so we can investigate if (!success) { console.error(message); } }); }

46 Client Libraries

47 Portable Class Library  The Portable Class Library project supports a subset of assemblies from the.NET Framework, Silverlight,.NET for Windows Store apps, Windows Phone, and Xbox 360, and provides a Visual Studio template that you can use to build assemblies that run without modification on these platforms.  Mobile Services support the Portable Class Library model and this offers several advantages for developers, since they can now share the codebase of client applications between the different platforms.  The Portable Class Library needs a platform extension assembly (.Ext.dll) to work correctly.  We provide platform extension assemblies for:  Windows Phone 7.5  Windows Phone 8  Windows Store apps.

48 Portable Class Library  The Portable Class Library cannot contain all the classes of the managed clients for all the platforms.  Some functionality is only available on one platform, while other functionality differs between platforms.  Therefore, to be able to use the new Managed Client you also need a platform specific assembly, which contains code to be able to use features available on that specific platform.  UI authentication is an example of a feature that works different on different platforms and is not portable.  For you as a developer this means you need two assemblies for your Windows Store App to use Mobile Services.  For Windows Phone there is an additional assembly which contains functionality which is not allowed in background agents (e.g. login)

49 Windows Store App App.xaml.cs using Microsoft.WindowsAzure.MobileServices; sealed partial class App : Application { // This MobileServiceClient must be configured to communicate with // your Mobile Service's url and application key. // The MobileServiceClient class provides basic access to Mobile Services. public static readonly MobileServiceClient MobileService = new MobileServiceClient("https://.azure-mobile.net/", “XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX"); }

50 Windows Store App MainPage.xaml.cs using Microsoft.WindowsAzure.MobileServices; using Newtonsoft.Json; public class TodoItem { public int Id { get; set; } [JsonProperty(PropertyName = "text")] public string Text { get; set; } [JsonProperty(PropertyName = "complete")] public bool Complete { get; set; } } public sealed partial class MainPage : Page { private MobileServiceCollection items; // the IMobileServiceTable interface Provides operations on a table for a Mobile Service. private IMobileServiceTable todoTable = App.MobileService.GetTable (); private async void RefreshTodoItems() { // This code refreshes the entries in the list view by querying the TodoItems table. items = await todoTable.Where(todoItem => todoItem.Complete == false).ToCollectionAsync(); }

51 HttpMessageHandlers  In the new version of the managed client, HttpMessageHandlers replace ServiceFilters.  The MobileServiceClient internally uses an instance of the HttpClient to send HTTP requests and receive HTTP responses to Mobile Services REST services.  In a managed client, HttpMessageHandlers can be used to intercept and handle outgoing requests to Mobile Services.  You can define one or more handlers for a a single MobileServiceClient.

52 Sample 1 public class BusyHandler : DelegatingHandler { private int callCount; private readonly Action busyIndicator; public BusyHandler(Action busyIndicator) { this.busyIndicator = busyIndicator; } protected override async Task SendAsync(HttpRequestMessage request, CancellationToken cancellationToken) { var outgoingCount = Interlocked.Increment(ref callCount); if (outgoingCount == 1) { busyIndicator(true); } var response = await base.SendAsync(request, cancellationToken); var incomingCount = Interlocked.Decrement(ref callCount); if (incomingCount == 0) { busyIndicator(false); } return response; }

53 Sample 2 public class DebugHandler : DelegatingHandler { // Sends an HTTP request to the inner handler to send the request to the server as an async operation protected override async Task SendAsync(HttpRequestMessage request, CancellationToken cancellationToken) { if (request != null && request.Method == HttpMethod.Post && request.Content != null) { Debug.WriteLine("REQUEST: {0}", await request.Content.ReadAsStringAsync()); } var response = await base.SendAsync(request, cancellationToken); if (response != null && response.Content != null) { Debug.WriteLine("RESPONSE: {0}", await response.Content.ReadAsStringAsync()); } return response; }

54 HTML 5 Client HTML Page: inset the following script references.azure-mobile.net/client/MobileServices.Web min.js'> JavaScript File // In the editor, open or create a JavaScript file, and add the following code that defines the // MobileServiceClient variable. Supply the application URL and application key from the mobile service in // the MobileServiceClient constructor. var client = new WindowsAzure.MobileServiceClient('https://.azure-mobile.net/', ‘AppKey') // You get a reference to a table by calling the getTable() function on the MobileServiceClient object var todoItemTable = client.getTable('todoitem'); function refreshTodoItems() { // Filter data by including a where clause in a query that returns all items whose complete field is equal to false var query = todoItemTable.where({ complete: false }); // Reads all data from the table query.read().then(function(todoItems) { // Use jQuery and JavaScript to update controls on the page. }); }

55 Authentication

56  Mobile Services integrates with the following identity providers to make it easy to authenticate users from your app:  Microsoft Account  Facebook login  Twitter login  Google login  To enable authentication, you must first register your app with one or more of these identity providers and then configure your mobile service.  You must also add authentication code to your app.  When a user login is authenticated by Mobile Services, the value of the userId property on the user object passed to server scripts is set to a value that uniquely identifies a user. This value can then be used to authorize access to data.

57 OAuth Authentication Flow * By Carlos Figueira, see references

58 Windows Store Apps private static async System.Threading.Tasks.Task Authenticate() { while (App.MobileService.CurrentUser == null) { string message; try { await App.MobileService.LoginAsync(MobileServiceAuthenticationProvider.Facebook); message = string.Format("User successfully authenticated: UserId = {0}", App.MobileService.CurrentUser.UserId); } catch (InvalidOperationException) { message = "Login failed!"; } var messageDialog = new MessageDialog(message, "Login Status"); await messageDialog.ShowAsync(); }

59 Windows Phone 8 Apps private async Task Authenticate() { while (user == null) { string message; try { user = await App.MobileService.LoginAsync(MobileServiceAuthenticationProvider.MicrosoftAccount); message = string.Format("You are now logged in - {0}", user.UserId); } catch (InvalidOperationException ex) { message = ex.Message; } MessageBox.Show(message); }

60 HTML 5 App HTML Page You are not logged in. Log in Microsoft Twitter Facebook Google

61 HTML 5 App JavaScript File function logIn() { client.login($("#authentication-providers :selected").val()).done(refreshAuthDisplay, function (error) { alert(error); }); } function logOut() { client.logout(); refreshAuthDisplay(); $('#summary').html(' You must login to access data. '); }

62 User Object // The User object which is passed to all scripts // has a function called getIdentities(), // which returns an object with provider-specific data // which can be used to query their user information. // Facebook { "facebook":{ "userId":"Facebook: ", "accessToken":“ " } // Microsoft: { "microsoft":{ "userId":“MicrosoftAccount: ", "accessToken":“ " } //Google: { "google":{ "userId":"Google: ", "accessToken":“ " } //And for Twitter: { "twitter":{ "userId":"Twitter: ", "accessToken":“ ", "accessTokenSecret":“ " }

63 Get User Name (1/2) function getUserName() { // Set default name item.userName = ' '; // Get credentials for the authenticated user var identities = user.getIdentities(); var req = require('request'); var url; // Create url to query the authentication provider for user name if (identities.microsoft) { url = 'https://apis.live.net/v5.0/me/?method=GET&access_token=' + identities.microsoft.accessToken; } else if (identities.facebook) { url = 'https://graph.facebook.com/me?access_token=' + identities.facebook.accessToken; } else if (identities.google) { url = 'https://www.googleapis.com/oauth2/v1/userinfo?access_token=' + identities.google.accessToken; } else if (identities.twitter) { url = 'https://api.twitter.com/1/users/show.json?user_id=' + user.userId.substring(user.userId.indexOf(':') + 1); }

64 Get User Name (1/2) // Call authentication provider if (url) { req(url, function (error, response, body) { if (error) { console.error('An error occurred while sending data to Facebook Graph API: ', error); } else { try { var data = JSON.parse(body); item.userName = data.name ? data.name : ' '; } catch (ex) { console.error('An error occurred while parsing response data from the auth provider: ', ex); } if (f) { f(); } }); }

65 Data Validation and Duplicate Detection

66 Data Validation function insert(item, user, request) { // Validation if (!item.text) { request.respond(statusCodes.BAD_REQUEST, "The text cannot be null"); return; }

67 Duplicate Detection function insert(item, user, request) { var todoItemTable = tables.getTable("TodoItem"); todoItemTable.where({userId: user.userId, text: item.text, complete: false}).read({ success: function(results) { if (results && results.length > 0) { console.log("Duplicate detected: userId = [" + user.userId + "] text = [" + item.text + "]") request.respond(statusCodes.OK, results[0]); } else { request.execute(); } }); }

68 Authorization function insert(item, user, request) { var permissionsTable = tables.getTable('permissions'); permissionsTable.where({ userId: user.userId, permission: 'submit order' }).read({ success: function (results) { if (results.length > 0) { // Permission record was found. Continue normal execution. request.execute(); } else { console.log('User %s attempted to submit an order without permissions.', user.userId); request.respond(statusCodes.FORBIDDEN, 'You do not have permission to submit orders.'); } }); }

69 Administer Mobile Services using Windows Azure Cross-Platform Command Line tool

70 CLI  This tool can be used on the following platforms:  Windows  Linux  Mac  Mobile Services can be managed using CLI

71 Agenda  3 rd Hour: Push Notifications and integration with other services  Send push notifications using WNS and MPNS  Windows mobile and Windows Store Apps notifications  Invoke REST services via request Node.js module and HTTP protocol  Integrate Mobile Services with on-premises LOB applications:  Via Service Bus Relay Services  Via Service Bus Queues, Topics and Subscriptions  Break (15 minutes)

72 Push Notifications

73 Push  Mobile Services can send push notifications to your apps.  The way that you configure and send push notifications depends on your app.  You can send push notifications to the following applications:  Windows Store app by using the Windows Push Notification Service (WNS). To send push notifications to your app, you must configure your mobile service to work with WNS.  iPhone and iPad apps by using the Apple Push Notification Service (APNS). To send push notifications to your app, you must configure your mobile service to work with APNS. Do this by generating a special push notification certificate at the iOS Provisioning Portal  Android: You can send push notifications to Android apps by using the Google Cloud Messaging (GCM) service. To send push notifications to your app, you must configure your mobile service to work with GCM.  Windows Phone 8 app by using the Microsoft Push Notification Service (MPNS). Mobile Services does not require you to register your Windows Phone 8 app to send push notifications.

74 Push Notifications

75 Windows Store App private static async System.Threading.Tasks.Task AcquirePushChannel() { // Create a channel to receive notifications var currentChannel = await PushNotificationChannelManager.CreatePushNotificationChannelForApplicationAsync(); var uriAsString = currentChannel.Uri; // Check if the channel already exists in the Channel table var channelTable = App.MobileService.GetTable (); var enumerable = await channelTable. Where(c => c.Uri == uriAsString).ToEnumerableAsync(); if (enumerable.Any()) { // Exit if the channel already exists in the Channel table return; } var channel = new Channel { Uri = currentChannel.Uri, Type = "WNS" }; await channelTable.InsertAsync(channel); }

76 Make your App Toast Capable  To configure the Windows Store App to receive push notifications, open the Package.appxmanif est file and make sure that in the Application UI tab, Toast capable is set to Yes

77 Windows Phone 8 App private HttpNotificationChannel CurrentChannel; private void AcquirePushChannel() { CurrentChannel = HttpNotificationChannel.Find("MyPushChannel"); if (CurrentChannel == null) { CurrentChannel = new HttpNotificationChannel("MyPushChannel"); CurrentChannel.Open(); CurrentChannel.BindToShellTile(); CurrentChannel.BindToShellToast(); } var channelTable = App.MobileService.GetTable (); var channel = new Channel { Uri = CurrentChannel.ChannelUri.ToString() }; channelTable.InsertAsync(channel); }

78 Configure the App  To configure the Windows Phone 8 App to receive push notifications, open the WMAppManifest.xml file and make sure that in the Capabilities tab, ID_CAP_PUSH_NOTIFICA TION is checked.

79 Server Script Code function sendPushNotification() { var channelTable = tables.getTable('Channel'); channelTable.read({ success: function (channels) { channels.forEach(function (channel) { if (channel.type === "WNS") { push.wns.sendToastText02(channel.uri, { text1: "New Todo Item", text2: item.text}, {success: function (pushResponse) { console.log("Sent push:", pushResponse); } }); } if (channel.type === "MPNS") { push.mpns.sendToast(channel.uri, { text1: 'TodoList', text2: item.text }, { success: function (pushResponse) { console.log("Sent push:", pushResponse); } }); } }); } }); }

80 DEMO Push Notifications

81 Integrate Mobile Services with on- premises LOB applications

82 Hybrid Solutions  In today’s IT landscape, it is not uncommon that data and services used by a system are located in multiple application domains.  Resources may be stored in a corporate data center, while other services may be located across the organizational boundaries, in the cloud or in the data centers of business partners.  There are many reasons for requiring a hybrid approach to cloud applications:  Certain types of data come under national regulations which explicitly forbid data from being stored in another country.  Data may need to be shared locally with on –premise applications and services.

83 Windows Azure Service Bus  The Windows Azure Service Bus is an Internet Service Bus that offers secure, scalable and highly available connectivity and messaging capabilities.  The Service Bus is part of Windows Azure and is designed to provide connectivity, queuing, and routing capabilities that allow on-premises and cloud applications to exchange messages across the boundaries of logical and physical domains.  The Service Bus can be used as the foundation to create a new range of hybrid and distributed applications that span the cloud and corporate environments.  The Service Bus provides 2 messaging types:  Relayed Messaging  Brokered Messaging

84 Service Bus Relayed Messaging  The Service Bus allows a WCF service to expose an endpoint in a Windows Azure data center that can be accessed by consumer applications in a mediated and secure way using different transport protocols (TCP, HTTP/S) and message formats (SOAP and REST).  The relay service provides a rendezvous connection point in the cloud between the client application and the service provider.  Both the client and service can reside in the cloud or on- premises.  The Service Bus supports the WCF programming model and provides a rich set of bindings (BasicHttpRelayBinding, NetTcpRelayBinding, NetEventRelayBinding, etc.) to cover a wide variety of design patterns and Message Exchange Formats.  One-way communications  Publish/Subscribe  Peer-to-peer communications  Multicast messaging

85 Invoking a WCF service via Relay Service  A WCF service exposes an endpoint in the cloud that serves the requests coming from an external applications 1.A client app uses a WCF proxy and a binding that supports two-way request-response communication to send a request message to the Relay Service 2.The relay service re-transmits the message to the WCF service. 3.The WCF service uses the same binding used the client application. The service processes the message and returns the response message to the Relay Service 4.The Relay Service returns the response message to the client application

86 Service Bus Brokered Messaging - Queues  Queues provide messaging capabilities that enable a large and heterogeneous class of applications running on premises or in the cloud to exchange messages in a secure and reliable fashion across trust boundaries.  Queues are based on a new messaging infrastructure backed by a replicated, durable store - up to 5GB per Queue.  The max message size is 256KB, but the session feature allows creating unlimited-size sequences of related messages.  Queues are available through a.NET API, WCF, HTTP/REST and AMQP Interfaces

87 Queues - Capabilities  Session-based message correlation.  Message Scheduled Delivery.  Reliable delivery patterns via Peek/Lock Receive Mode.  Transactions support to ensure batches of messaging operations are committed atomically.  Detection of inbound message duplicates, allowing clients to send the same message multiple times without adverse consequences (Idem-potency).  Dead-letter facility for messages that cannot be processed or expire before being received.  Deferring messages for later processing.

88 Queues - Scenarios  Loosely-Coupled Asynchronous Communication allows to establish an asynchronous and loosely-coupled communication between autonomous systems that run in different application domains, on-premises or in the cloud.  Load Leveling allows to flatten a highly-variable traffic into a predictable stream of work.  Load Balancing allows to distribute the load across a set of worker processes which size can vary dynamically to accommodate the incoming message volume.  In a Competing Consumers scenario, when a publisher writes a message to a queue, multiple consumers compete with each other to receive the message, but only one of them will receive and process the message in question.  Temporal Decoupling allows to work on independent schedules. The producers and consumers are not required to be online at the same time. This allows to publish messages to workers that are temporarily offline.

89 Service Bus Brokered Messaging - Topics  Topics provide all the Features of Queues + Publish/Subscribe capabilities.  A Topic consists of a sequential message store just like a Queue, but it supports up to 2000 concurrent and durable subscriptions  Each Subscription is a virtual queue getting message copies  A Subscription may have a single consumer that gets all the messages or a set of competing consumers that fetch messages on a first-come-first-served basis.  Subscriptions can have filters expressions and filter actions

90 Topics - Scenarios  Publish Events to many subscribers  Each subscription can be shared by a set of competing consumers  Secondary subscriptions can be used for auditing purposes.  Distribute workload across partitioned pools of workers, each defined by a different subscription  Decoupled message fan-out scenario to send messages to many consumers requiring the same information  As the foundation in event-driven architecture implementations

91 Topics – Rules & Filters  Rules:  Rules select messages based on conditions defined on system or application-specific properties  Topics support more than one rule for each subscription  Filter Conditions and Actions:  Conditions are represented by filter expressions expressed in SQL’92 syntax:  ShipCountry=“Russia” AND ShipCity=“Moscow”  Actions are expressed by action expressions and can add and modify message properties during retrieval  Set Priority='High';Set Severity=1

92 Messages  Messages are modeled by the BrokeredMessage class  Messages can have user-defined:  Time-To-Live periods (with no enforced maximum lifetime)  Lock duration  Duplicate detection history time  Messages expose the following properties:  MessageId that can be used for duplicate detection  CorrelationId to correlate a message to a specific request  SessionId for session-enabled communication  ReplyTo that can be used to implement a request-reply MEP.  Label for custom use  User defined properties are key/value pairs  Brokered messaging properties are not SOAP headers

93 DEMO Service Bus Explorer

94 How to call a Service Bus relay service (1/3) function getUserAddress(f) { // Set default value item.userAddress = ' '; // Create the SOAP Envelope var body = ' ' + ' ' + ' ' + user.userId + ' ' + ' ' + ' '; // Import the request module var req = require('request'); * You can the xmlbuilder, sax and js2xml Node.js modules to create the SOAP message

95 How to call a Service Bus relay service (2/3) // Create call options var options = { method: 'POST', url: 'http://paolosalvatori.servicebus.windows.net/basichttp/todoitem', headers: { 'Content-Type': 'text/xml', 'SOAPAction': 'GetUserAddress' }, body: body }; // Call the Service Bus Relay Service req(options, function(error, response, body) { if (error) { console.log('An error occurred while invoking the service: ', error); } else { // Import xml2js module var xml2js = require('xml2js'); // Create a xml2js parser var parser = new xml2js.Parser();

96 How to call a Service Bus relay service (3/3) // Parse the SOAP envelope of the response from XML to JSON parser.parseString(body, function (err, result) { try { // Read the address from the JSON object var address = result["s:Envelope"]["s:Body"][0]["userAddress"][0]["text"][0]; if (address) { // Set the userAddress property of the item item.userAddress = address; } catch (ex) { // Log the error console.log("An error occurred while parsing the response: ", error); } }); if (f) { // Invoke a continuation function, if any f(); } }); }

97 How to use Send a message to queue (1/2) function sendMessageToServiceBus() { // Import the azure module var azure = require('azure'); // Create a ServiceBusService object var serviceBusService = azure.createServiceBusService(' ', ' '); // Define queue options var queueOptions = { EnableBatchedOperations: true, RequiresDuplicateDetection: true, DuplicateDetectionHistoryTimeWindow: 'PT8H' };

98 How to use Send a message to queue (2/2) // Create queue if it does not exist serviceBusService.createQueueIfNotExists('mobileservices/todoitem', queueOptions, function (error) { if (error) { console.error("An error occurred creating/accessing the Service Bus queue: ", error); } else { // Create a message var message = { body: 'Hello World!', messageId: item.id, customProperties: { source: 'Mobile Services', author: 'Paolo Salvatori' } }; // Send the message to the queue serviceBusService.sendQueueMessage('mobileservices/todoitem', message, function (error) { if (!error) { console.log('Sent message: ' + message); } }); } }); }

99 Integration via Service Bus

100 DEMO Integrate Mobile Services with on- premises LOB applications

101 Agenda  4 th Hour: Storage Services, Scheduler, SendGrid  Store data to Table Storage using the azure Node.js module  Use Shared Access Signatures and Blobs with Mobile Services  Create and schedule jobs with the scheduler  Send s using SendGrid Node.js module  Break (15 minutes)

102 Table Storage

103

104 Choose the PartitionKey and RowKey wisely  Tables are partitioned to support load balancing across storage nodes.  A table's entities are organized by partition.  A partition is a consecutive range of entities sharing the same partition key value.  The partition key is a unique identifier for the partition within a given table, specified by the PartitionKey property.  The partition key forms the first part of an entity's primary key.  The second part of the primary key is the row key, specified by the RowKey property.  The row key is a unique identifier for an entity within a given partition.  Together the PartitionKey and RowKey uniquely identify every entity within a table.  An entity can have up to 255 properties, including 3 system properties described in the following section.

105 Insert Script (simplified) function insert(item, user, request) { // Access table service var azure = require('azure'); var tableService = azure.createTableService(' ', ' '); // Create table if not exists tableService.createTableIfNotExists('TodoItems', function(error) { if (error) { request.respond(statusCodes.BAD_REQUEST, error); } else { var entity = { PartitionKey: user.userId || 'default', RowKey: (new Date()).getTime(), text: item.text, complete: item.complete, }; // Insert the item in the storage table tableService.insertEntity('TodoItems', entity, function (error) { if (error) { request.respond(statusCodes.BAD_REQUEST, error); } else { request.respond(statusCodes.OK, entity); } }); } }); }

106 DEMO Table Storage

107 Shared Access Signatures  A shared access signature (SAS) is a URI that grants restricted access rights to containers, blobs, queues, and tables.  You can provide a SAS to clients that are not trusted to use the storage account key but to whom you wish to delegate access to certain storage account resources.  By distributing a SAS URI to these clients, you can grant them access to a resource for a specified period of time, with a specified set of permissions.  A shared access signature can grant any of the following operations to a client that possesses the signature:  Reading and writing page or block blob content, block lists, properties, and metadata  Deleting, leasing, and creating a snapshot of a blob  Listing the blobs within a container  Adding, removing, updating, and deleting queue messages  Getting queue metadata, including the message count  Querying, adding, updating, deleting, and upserting table entities

108 Blobs and Shared Access Signature 1.The Windows Store app creates a new album 2.The Mobile Service insert a new record in the Album table 3.Thw Windows Store app creates a new picture 4.The Mobile service calls the storage account to get a SAS for the image and its thumbnail 5.The Mobile Services saves the image data in the Picture table 6.The Insert script returns a SAS for the image and thumbnail in the item object 7.The Windows Store app uses the storage account client API and the SAS returned by the Mobile Service to save the image and thumbnail as blobs. *Sample by Nick Harris, see references for more info

109 Server Script and SAS  The insert script uses the following line of code to build a SAS URL:  return 'https://' + host + blobRelativePath + '?' + sasQueryString;  A typical SAS query string contains many parameters which depend on the storage resource (blob, container, table, queue)  se= T15%3A37%3A15Z&sr=b&sp=w&sig=dj9zqN%2BSM1UX  se = signedexpiry: the time at which the shared access signature becomes invalid  sr = signedresource: b to grant access to a blob, c to grant access to a container  sp = signedpermissions: the permissions associated with the Shared Access Signature (w = write)  sig = signature: the signature part of the URI is used to authenticate the request made with the SAS.  See us/library/windowsazure/dn aspxhttp://msdn.microsoft.com/en- us/library/windowsazure/dn aspx

110 DEMO Blobs and SAS

111 What is the Azure Scheduler service?  Platform service that allows users a simple way to schedule recurring actions against other services in the cloud  Examples:  Store a daily backup of my SQL database to blob storage.  Clean up my To Do app’s done items every day  Check the health of my service every few minutes  Send a newsletter every day

112 Azure Scheduler Capabilities  Azure Portal integrated experience  Actions can be scheduled to fire once or on a regular recurring schedule  Reliably and securely invoke services inside and outside of Azure using Node.js modules

113 Use a Job to backup a SQL Database 1.The scheduler calls the backup job 2.The backup job uses the request module to invoke the WA SQL Database Import/Export service by calling its REST endpoint 3.The Import/Export service reads the DB schema and data 4.The service exports DB schema and data to Windows Azure Blob Storage as a BACPAC *Sample by Josh Twist, see references for more info

114 Code (1/2) function backup() { var request = require('request'); var util = require('util'); var date = new Date(); var year = date.getUTCFullYear(); var month = date.getUTCMonth() + 1; var day = date.getUTCDate(); var body = { BlobCredentials: { __type: "BlobStorageAccessKeyCredentials:#Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Dac.ServiceTypes", Uri: util.format("https://.blob.core.windows.net/bacpac/%s-%s-%s.bacpac", year, month, day), StorageAccessKey: " " }, ConnectionInfo: { DatabaseName: " ", Password: " ", ServerName: ".database.windows.net", UserName: “ " }

115 Code (2/2) var postUri = "https://am1prod-dacsvc.azure.com/DACWebService.svc/Export"; request.post({ uri: postUri, headers: { 'Content-Type': 'application/json', }, body: JSON.stringify(body) }, function (e, r, b) { if (e || r.statusCode != 200) { console.error('backup failed', e || r.statusCode, b); } else { console.log('backup successful', b); } }); }

116 DEMO Schedule SQL Database Backup

117 Send a Report via 1.The scheduler calls the job function 2.The script reads data from SQL tables and/or Storage tables 3.The script aggregates and formats data in a report. 4.The script sends the report via using the the sendgrid Node.js module

118 Code (1/3) function CountTodoItems() { var SendGrid = require('sendgrid').SendGrid; // Get access to the storage table var azure = require('azure'); var tableService = azure.createTableService(' ', ' '); // Define query to retrieve todo items var tableQuery = azure.TableQuery.select().from('TodoItems').where('complete eq ?', 'false'); // Retrieve todo items queryEntities();

119 Code (2/3) function queryEntities() { tableService.queryEntities(tableQuery, function (error, entities) { if (error) { var message = 'Failed to retrieve todo items from the TodoItems table.'; console.error(message); } else { var text = 'The TodoItems table actually contains ' + entities.length + ' rows:\r\n\r\n'; for (var i = 0; i < entities.length; i++) { text = text + ' - UserId: ' + entities[i].PartitionKey; text = text + ' Item: ' + entities[i].text + '\r\n'; } text = text + '\r\nMessage sent by TodoItems site at ' + (new Date()).toString(); send (text); console.log(text); } }); }

120 Code (3/3) function send (text) { var sendgrid = new SendGrid('babosbird', 'Trustno1'); sendgrid.send({ to: from: subject: 'Number of Todo Items', text: text }, function (success, message) { // If the failed to send, log it as an error so we can investigate if (!success) { console.error(message); } }); }

121 DEMO Send a Report via

122 Trigger a Worker Role with a Service Bus Msg 1.The scheduler calls the job function. 2.The script creates and send a message to a Service Bus queue or topic. 3.One instance of the Worker Role reads the message from the queue/subscription. 4.The Worker Role instance processes the message.

123 Code function SendMessageToServiceBus() { var azure = require('azure'); var serviceBusService = azure.createServiceBusService('paolosalvatori', 'PgTi69pNLU2Me58C3xiEDT5xosclhfEgQs6NsUCY9Qs='); serviceBusService.createQueueIfNotExists('mobileservices/scheduler', function (error) { if (!error) { var builder = require('xmlbuilder'); var root = builder.create('job', { 'version': '1.0', 'encoding': 'UTF-8' }).att('xmlns', 'http://windowsazure.cat.microsoft.com/samples/mobileservices'); root.ele('command', 'read'); root.ele('date', (new Date()).toUTCString()); var message = root.end({ 'pretty': true, 'indent': ' ', 'newline': '\n' }); serviceBusService.sendQueueMessage('mobileservices/scheduler', message, function (error) { if (!error) { console.log('Sent message: ' + message); } }); } }); }

124 DEMO Trigger a Worker Role with a Service Bus Msg

125 References  Windows Azure Mobile Services   Tutorials and Resources   Upload File to Windows Azure Blob Storage using Windows Azure Mobile Services   Getting user information on Azure Mobile Services   Troubleshooting authentication issues in Azure Mobile Services  services.aspx services.aspx

126 References  Using the scheduler to backup your Mobile Service database   Getting started with the CLI and backing up your scripts   More CLI – changing your Mobile Services workflow   New Windows Azure Mobile Services Getting Started Content  content.aspx content.aspx  How to use Windows Azure Table Storage in Windows Azure Mobile Services 

127 References  How to Use the Table Service from Node.js   How to Use Service Bus Queues   How to Use Service Bus Topics/Subscriptions   How to Send Using SendGrid from Node.js 

128 Blogs  Josh Twist Blog   Nick Harris Blog   Carlos Figuera   Paolo Salvatori Blog 

129 Contacts Paolo Salvatori Blog:

130 © 2013 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.


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