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FROM APPEASEMENT TO WAR 14.1 Notes. I. Aggression Goes Unchecked  Japan overruns Manchuria  League of Nations does nothing  Italy invades Ethiopia.

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Presentation on theme: "FROM APPEASEMENT TO WAR 14.1 Notes. I. Aggression Goes Unchecked  Japan overruns Manchuria  League of Nations does nothing  Italy invades Ethiopia."— Presentation transcript:

1 FROM APPEASEMENT TO WAR 14.1 Notes

2 I. Aggression Goes Unchecked  Japan overruns Manchuria  League of Nations does nothing  Italy invades Ethiopia  League voted sanctions but did not enforce  Hitler re-arms and occupies Rhineland  Both violations of Versailles treaty

3 II. Appeasement and Neutrality  Appeasement- giving in to the demands of an aggressor  United States passes Neutrality Acts  Neutrality Acts- laws that forbid loans or selling of arms to nations at war  Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis- agreement to fight communism and not interfere with each other

4 III. Why the West Appeased Hitler  Fear of modern weaponry  Pacifism following WWI  Pacifism- opposition to all war  Great Depression  Faith in diplomacy  Fascism a defense vs. communism

5 IV. Spain Collapses Into Civil War  Francisco Franco- led a revolt that turned into a civil war  Hitler, Mussolini supported Franco  Stalin supported his opponents  Spain was used by Hitler as a testing ground for new weapons  Guernica- Spanish town that was bombed, 1,600 innocents die  Franco becomes fascist dictator

6 V. German Aggression Continues  Austria Annexed  Called Anschuluss  Nazis already controlled top government posts  Hitler just walked in and took it  Czech crisis  Hitler wanted Sudetenland, a German speaking portion of Czechoslovakia

7 VI. The Munich Conference  Munich Conference- West persuaded Czech to surrender Sudetenland to Hitler to avoid war  British PM Chamberlain declared “peace for our time”  Hitler assured them that there were no further plans to expand

8 VII. Europe Plunges Toward War  March 1939 Hitler takes the rest of Czech  Britain, France pledge to defend Poland, Hitler’s likely next target  Nazi-Soviet Pact- non- aggression pact  Secretly agreed not to fight if one went to war and to divide up Eastern Europe and Poland  September 1 st, 1939 Hitler invades Poland  WWII begins


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