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Also known as manufacturing industries When people make things from natural resources – FACTORIES F. Ciangura.

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Presentation on theme: "Also known as manufacturing industries When people make things from natural resources – FACTORIES F. Ciangura."— Presentation transcript:

1 Also known as manufacturing industries When people make things from natural resources – FACTORIES F. Ciangura

2 Primary industries = jobs which collect raw materials, such as farming. Tertiary industries = jobs which give a service, such as doctors. F. Ciangura

3 Some key words: Natural resources = are things found in nature… grown, found in the sea or land. Labourer = worker Car assembly plant = factories where cars are put together and built. Construction industry = building industry Power = the energy needed to work the machines. F. Ciangura

4 Employment structure: In very poor countries, most people work in the primary industry e.g. farming In rich countries, most people work in the tertiary industry e.g. tourism e.g. Malta. e.g. Bangladesh F. Ciangura

5 Where can I build my factory? Simple, You have to find the best SITE!! Near power Near good transport Near raw materials e.g. coal Near workers Next to market F. Ciangura

6 a) TEXTILE MILLS F. Ciangura

7 Wool Textiles / Clothes Primary Industry Secondary Industry F. Ciangura

8 Where can I build my textile mill? 1. Near raw materials = sheep farming 2. On flat land = easy to build factory 3. Next to power = HEP (rivers) or coal 4. Near rivers= to transport raw materials and finished goods (on boats) 5. Close to a good market= in places which are populated F. Ciangura

9 b) IRON AND STEEL INDUSTRY F. Ciangura

10 A) Raw materials include: COAL Limestone Iron ore F. Ciangura

11 Process involves: 1) THE COAL IS BURNT. 2) IRON ORE IS ‘COOKED’. 3) LIMESTONE (rock) is added to ‘clean’ it. 4) The IRON in the iron ore, melts and comes out as very hot material – iron or steel F. Ciangura

12 Finished products: Car parts trains bridges Steel cables and sheets F. Ciangura

13 Where can I build my iron and steel industry? Very simple! LOTS OF RAW MATERIALS ARE NEEDED TO MAKE SMALL AMOUNTS OF STEEL – SO BUILD YOUR INDUSTRY NEAR RAW MATERIALS = ON COALFIELDS OR NEAR LIMESTONE HILLS + Near water for cooling + Near good transport + Near good ports F. Ciangura

14 Many people went to live near coalfields as there was a lot of work. Coalfields became crowded. Today, many coalfields have used their raw materials and now provide no more work and are abandoned. -no jobs, factories closed, abandoned places, Environment spoilt! F. Ciangura

15 c) CAR INDUSTRY Build it near market!! Where many people live and there is a large demand! F. Ciangura

16 Car assembly plants F. Ciangura

17 A modern car consists of many small parts, each part is made in its own factory. These factories doing different parts are close together and assemble the car next to the market -> next to big cities. F. Ciangura

18 Car assembly plants need- To be found near markets Large flat land for parking Near good roads – motorways / railways Good supply of electric power F. Ciangura

19 High tech industries are those factories that make microchips, computers, mobile phones, medicines, and scientific equipment. These do not need a lot of raw materials, and do not make bulky products like cars, so they can be located ANYWHERE !! d) HIGH-TECH INDUSTRIES

20 Normally in nice environments Pleasant climate Next to good roads and airports Next to universities Next to greenfield sites = parks F. Ciangura

21 e.g. The Sunrise Strip along the M4 corridor in England Science or business parks are a group of industries or business companies that locate at the edge of town F. Ciangura

22 Industrialisation began in Britain in the 18 th and 19 th century. The steam engine was discovered- when coal is burnt, it gives a lot of energy that can be used to work the machines. F. Ciangura

23 Many people left the countryside to go to work in factories. These were poor people and had no money and no transport. They lived very close to the factory –to go to work on foot They lived in very small houses lacking all amenities (water, electricity etc) Many people left the countryside to go to work in factories. These were poor people and had no money and no transport. They lived very close to the factory –to go to work on foot They lived in very small houses lacking all amenities (water, electricity etc) F. Ciangura

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25 FACTORIES IN INNER CITY Factories Poor houses Poor houses More buildings The city started getting larger. Factories were built in the centre, and had no room to expand. There was a lot of pollution F. Ciangura

26 What had to be done to redevelop the inner city? Demolish old factories Rebuild better, larger houses with more amenities Make wider roads for cars and new railways More parking spaces Clean the rivers Make museums out of some old factories F. Ciangura

27 The Secondary Industries in Malta: form 23% of its economy The service sector (tertiary) forms 74% of Maltese economy- mostly tourism F. Ciangura

28 Industrial estate = a group of factories that locate near each other. Include: Bulebel, Ricasoli, Marsa, Cordin, San Gwann, Hal Far, Xewkija (Gozo) F. Ciangura


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