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1 Background Information
Night By Elie Wiesel Background Information

2 “Indifference to evil is evil.” —Elie Wiesel

3 Think about it… When you see something that’s wrong, do you just stand by? Or do you act to try and stop it?

4 First They Came for the Jews by Pastor Martin Niemoller
First they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out -- Because I was not a Jew. Then they came for the Communists, and I did not speak out -- Because I was not a Communist. Then they came for the Trade Unionists, and I did not speak out -- Because I was not a Trade Unionist. Then they came for me -- and there was no one left to speak for me. ***How can you relate to this???

5 Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler was born in 1889, and the first concentration camp opened in How did he rise to power? How did this little boy on the left became the man on the right who was ultimately responsible for the removal of freedom and death of 50 million people all over the world?

6 Birth Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in Braunau, Austria.
Adolf was 1 of 6 children - 3 of whom died at early ages

7 Parents Alois Schickelgruber Hitler was a customs official who was illegitimate by birth. His father, Adolf’s grandfather, may have been Jewish. He died when Adolf was 14 and left him a small inheritance. Klara Hitler was very young when she married the older Alois. She showered young Adolf with love and affection. Adolf carried a picture of his mom until the day he died. She died of breast cancer when Adolf was 18 years old.

8 Education Attended a Benedictine monastery school where he took part in the choir. When it was time to choose a secondary school, Adolf wanted to become an artist. His father wanted him to become a civil servant, but after his father died, he dropped out of high school and attempted to get into the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts - he failed. The following slides are examples of Adolf’s artwork.


10 Years in Vienna After his mother died, Adolf (now 18) decided to move to Austria to pursue his dream of becoming a great artist. Again he failed to gain entrance into the Academy He eventually sold all his possessions and became a homeless drifter who slept on park benches and ate at soup kitchens throughout Vienna (age 19) Adolf did manage to sell some paintings and postcards, but remained impoverished

11 Vienna -Importance Influenced by the anti-Semitic mayor of Vienna, Karl Lueger Became interested in the idea of German nationalism. Also received first taste of politics

12 Military Service Adolf left Austria at the age of 24 to avoid mandatory military service that was required of all men. But he did sign up for military service at the start of WW I. He joined a Bavarian unit of the German Army. This is a picture of Hitler listening to an enlistment speech.

13 World War I Excited to fight for Germany.
Found a home fighting for the Fatherland.

14 German Loss in WWI Hitler was devastated when he heard the news of the German surrender. He was appalled at the anti-war sentiment among the German civilians. Believed there was an anti-war conspiracy that involved the Jews. Believed that Jews were responsible for the defeat.

15 Life after WWI Hitler became depressed after WWI.
Still in the army, he became an undercover agent He also lectured about the dangers of Jews

16 NAZI Party is Formed Hitler attended a German Worker’s party, spoke to the group, and was asked to become a member. He then began to think big for the German Worker’s Party Began placing ads for meetings in anti-Semitic newspapers Hitler changed the name to National Socialist German Worker’s Party or the NAZIS

17 Party Platform Hitler drafted a platform of 25 points
Revoke civil rights of Jew Besides changing the party name, the red flag with the SWASTIKA was adopted as the party symbol

18 Beer Hall Putsch October 30, 1923
Hitler held a rally in Munich beer hall and declared revolution Led 2000 men in taking over of Bavarian Government It failed and Hitler was imprisoned

19 Trial and Jail At his trial (Hitler was charged with treason), he used the opportunity to speak about the NAZI platform and spread his popularity. The whole nation suddenly knew who Adolf Hitler was and what he stood for He was sentenced to five years, but actually only served about 9 months When he left prison, he was ready to go into action again.

20 Mein Kampf Hitler’s book “My Struggle” - wrote while in jail
Sold 5 million copies, made him rich Topics included: Jews were evil, Germans were superior race, Fuhrer principal, dislike of Communism and Democracy and need to conquer Russia

21 Legal Rise to Power Used popularity from failed revolution and book to seize power legally Spoke to mass audiences about making Germany a great nation again Hitler becomes Chancellor in 1933

22 Why was he so appealing? Germany was in the midst of an economic depression with hyper-inflation Hitler was a WW I hero who talked about bringing glory back to the “Fatherland” He promised the rich industrialists that he would end any communist threat in Germany Constantly blamed Jews for Germany’s problems, not the German people. Hitler was an excellent public speaker.

23 Dictator “Reichstag fire” gives Hitler total power
In 1933, all parties were outlawed except the Nazi party People’s civil rights were suspended German economy was improving, people were happy Hilter had no political opposition 1st concentration camp opened in 1933 Began re-arming German Army for expansion of the Reich

24 Germany began World War II when it invaded Poland in 1939.
German forces conquered most of Europe in the next two years.

25 Background to Night Night is a memoir, which is nonfiction.
A memoir is a piece of autobiographical writing, usually shorter in nature than a comprehensive autobiography. The memoir, especially as it is being used in publishing today, often tries to capture certain highlights or meaningful moments in one's past, often including a contemplation of the meaning of that event at the time of the writing of the memoir. The memoir may be more emotional and concerned with capturing particular scenes, or a series of events, rather than documenting every fact of a person's life.

26 Author: Elie Wiesel In 1941, Eliezer was a twelve-year-old boy who lived with his father, mother, and three sisters in a small village near the border of Romania and Hungary.

27 Author: Elie Wiesel Eliezer was a religious boy who welcomed nightfall as a time for prayer and who thought of becoming a rabbi.

28 Author: Elie Wiesel But when Nazis took over Eliezer’s Jewish community, his family was first sent to live in a ghetto and then taken to Auschwitz, one of the most infamous concentration camps.

29 Author: Elie Wiesel Eliezer and his father were separated from Eliezer’s mother and sisters. He would never see his mother or his youngest sister, Tzipora, again.

30 Author: Elie Wiesel Inside the camp, Eliezer will witness horrible acts of cruelty and suffer in terrible ways. How will he survive? Can his religious faith endure the atrocities he witnesses? What message does he bring to the world from such horror?

31 Holocaust comes from a Greek word that means “a burnt offering.”
In Night, Elie Wiesel shares his story of the Holocaust, the name given to the persecution and murder of millions of Jews and others during World War II. Holocaust comes from a Greek word that means “a burnt offering.”

32 Wiesel’s story begins in Romania (now Hungary) in 1941 and ends in When Germans took over this area, local Jews were persecuted. They were forced to wear yellow stars and to live in ghettos, and were then sent to concentration camps.

33 Auschwitz, where Wiesel was sent, was the largest camp.
Jews from all over Europe arrived almost daily at Auschwitz.

34 Nazis also targeted other groups:
Romany (Gypsies) Russians Non-Jewish Polish Intellectuals and religious leaders Communists Jehovah’s Witnesses

35 How did it end? Between 1945 and 1946, the Allies tried twenty-two major war criminals for their crimes against humanity.

36 Night Symbols: Fire Night Star of David Corpses Themes:
Having and losing faith in God Inhumanity and cruelty Father and son relationships Guilt and inaction Compassion for those in need Symbols: Fire Night Star of David Corpses

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