3Think about it…When you see something that’s wrong, do you just stand by?Or do you act to try and stop it?
4First They Came for the Jews by Pastor Martin Niemoller First they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out-- Because I was not a Jew.Then they came for the Communists, and I did not speak out -- Because I was not a Communist.Then they came for the Trade Unionists, and I did not speak out-- Because I was not a Trade Unionist.Then they came for me-- and there was no one left to speak for me.***How can you relate to this???
5Adolf HitlerAdolf Hitler was born in 1889, and the first concentration camp opened in How did he rise to power? How did this little boy on the left became the man on the right who was ultimately responsible for the removal of freedom and death of 50 million people all over the world?
6Birth Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in Braunau, Austria. Adolf was 1 of 6 children - 3 of whom died at early ages
7ParentsAlois Schickelgruber Hitler was a customs official who was illegitimate by birth. His father, Adolf’s grandfather, may have been Jewish. He died when Adolf was 14 and left him a small inheritance.Klara Hitler was very young when she married the older Alois. She showered young Adolf with love and affection. Adolf carried a picture of his mom until the day he died. She died of breast cancer when Adolf was 18 years old.
8EducationAttended a Benedictine monastery school where he took part in the choir.When it was time to choose a secondary school, Adolf wanted to become an artist.His father wanted him to become a civil servant, but after his father died, he dropped out of high school and attempted to get into the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts - he failed.The following slides are examples of Adolf’s artwork.
10Years in ViennaAfter his mother died, Adolf (now 18) decided to move to Austria to pursue his dream of becoming a great artist.Again he failed to gain entrance into the AcademyHe eventually sold all his possessions and became a homeless drifter who slept on park benches and ate at soup kitchens throughout Vienna (age 19)Adolf did manage to sell some paintings and postcards, but remained impoverished
11Vienna -ImportanceInfluenced by the anti-Semitic mayor of Vienna, Karl LuegerBecame interested in the idea of German nationalism.Also received first taste of politics
12Military ServiceAdolf left Austria at the age of 24 to avoid mandatory military service that was required of all men.But he did sign up for military service at the start of WW I. He joined a Bavarian unit of the German Army. This is a picture of Hitler listening to an enlistment speech.
13World War I Excited to fight for Germany. Found a home fighting for the Fatherland.
14German Loss in WWIHitler was devastated when he heard the news of the German surrender.He was appalled at the anti-war sentiment among the German civilians.Believed there was an anti-war conspiracy that involved the Jews.Believed that Jews were responsible for the defeat.
15Life after WWI Hitler became depressed after WWI. Still in the army, he became an undercover agentHe also lectured about the dangers of Jews
16NAZI Party is FormedHitler attended a German Worker’s party, spoke to the group, and was asked to become a member. He then began to think big for the German Worker’s PartyBegan placing ads for meetings in anti-Semitic newspapersHitler changed the name to National Socialist German Worker’s Party or the NAZIS
17Party Platform Hitler drafted a platform of 25 points Revoke civil rights of JewBesides changing the party name, the red flag with the SWASTIKA was adopted as the party symbol
18Beer Hall Putsch October 30, 1923 Hitler held a rally in Munich beer hall and declared revolutionLed 2000 men in taking over of Bavarian GovernmentIt failed and Hitler was imprisoned
19Trial and JailAt his trial (Hitler was charged with treason), he used the opportunity to speak about the NAZI platform and spread his popularity.The whole nation suddenly knew who Adolf Hitler was and what he stood forHe was sentenced to five years, but actually only served about 9 monthsWhen he left prison, he was ready to go into action again.
20Mein Kampf Hitler’s book “My Struggle” - wrote while in jail Sold 5 million copies, made him richTopics included: Jews were evil, Germans were superior race, Fuhrer principal, dislike of Communism and Democracy and need to conquer Russia
21Legal Rise to PowerUsed popularity from failed revolution and book to seize power legallySpoke to mass audiences about making Germany a great nation againHitler becomes Chancellor in 1933
22Why was he so appealing?Germany was in the midst of an economic depression with hyper-inflationHitler was a WW I hero who talked about bringing glory back to the “Fatherland”He promised the rich industrialists that he would end any communist threat in GermanyConstantly blamed Jews for Germany’s problems, not the German people.Hitler was an excellent public speaker.
23Dictator “Reichstag fire” gives Hitler total power In 1933, all parties were outlawed except the Nazi partyPeople’s civil rights were suspendedGerman economy was improving, people were happyHilter had no political opposition1st concentration camp opened in 1933Began re-arming German Army for expansion of the Reich
24Germany began World War II when it invaded Poland in 1939. German forces conquered most of Europe in the next two years.
25Background to Night Night is a memoir, which is nonfiction. A memoir is a piece of autobiographical writing, usually shorter in nature than a comprehensive autobiography. The memoir, especially as it is being used in publishing today, often tries to capture certain highlights or meaningful moments in one's past, often including a contemplation of the meaning of that event at the time of the writing of the memoir. The memoir may be more emotional and concerned with capturing particular scenes, or a series of events, rather than documenting every fact of a person's life.
26Author: Elie WieselIn 1941, Eliezer was a twelve-year-old boy who lived with his father, mother, and three sisters in a small village near the border of Romania and Hungary.
27Author: Elie WieselEliezer was a religious boy who welcomed nightfall as a time for prayer and who thought of becoming a rabbi.
28Author: Elie WieselBut when Nazis took over Eliezer’s Jewish community, his family was first sent to live in a ghetto and then taken to Auschwitz, one of the most infamous concentration camps.
29Author: Elie WieselEliezer and his father were separated from Eliezer’s mother and sisters.He would never see his mother or his youngest sister, Tzipora, again.
30Author: Elie WieselInside the camp, Eliezer will witness horrible acts of cruelty and suffer in terrible ways.How will he survive?Can his religious faith endure the atrocities he witnesses?What message does he bring to the world from such horror?
31Holocaust comes from a Greek word that means “a burnt offering.” In Night, Elie Wiesel shares his story of the Holocaust, the name given to the persecution and murder of millions of Jews and others during World War II.Holocaust comes from a Greek word that means “a burnt offering.”
32Wiesel’s story begins in Romania (now Hungary) in 1941 and ends in When Germans took over this area, local Jews were persecuted.They were forced to wear yellow stars and to live in ghettos, and were then sent to concentration camps.
33Auschwitz, where Wiesel was sent, was the largest camp. Jews from all over Europe arrived almost daily at Auschwitz.
34Nazis also targeted other groups: Romany (Gypsies)RussiansNon-Jewish Polish Intellectuals and religious leadersCommunistsJehovah’s Witnesses
35How did it end?Between 1945 and 1946, the Allies tried twenty-two major war criminals for their crimes against humanity.
36Night Symbols: Fire Night Star of David Corpses Themes: Having and losing faith in GodInhumanity and crueltyFather and son relationshipsGuilt and inactionCompassion for those in needSymbols:FireNightStar of DavidCorpses