Presentation on theme: "C ODEPENDENCY YOU CAN BE DRUG FREE BY PETER KIRAGU NDERO (COUNSELLING PSYCHOLOGIST) DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY."— Presentation transcript:
C ODEPENDENCY YOU CAN BE DRUG FREE BY PETER KIRAGU NDERO (COUNSELLING PSYCHOLOGIST) DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
W HAT IS ADDICTION ? It is a chronic, Relapsing, Primary disease. Characterized by:- Tolerance Compulsion Physical dependence Psychological dependence Characteristic withdrawal syndromes
T YPES OF ADDICTION Drug Addiction Sex/People Addiction Food Addiction Medicine Addiction Work Addiction Money Addiction Religion Addiction
W HY PEOPLE TAKE DRUGS THE SOCIETY THE DRUG THE INDIVIDUAL
DANCING WITH THE DEVIL ADDICT DRUG
THE SOCIETY Abandons the Addict Stigmatises the Addict Commits no Resources
C ATEGORIES OF DRUGS Depressants analgesics:- Ordinary pain killers & narcotics
O RDINARY PAIN KILLERS Brufen Panadol Asprin They account for more deaths than all the narcotics combined because of availability.
N ARCOTICS Mainly refers to the products of the opium tree. Heroine, Morphine, Codeine Methadone, Dipipanone etc. THEY CREATE EUPHORIA BY DEPRESSING THE CNS.
H YPNOTICS AND SEDATIVES They reduce tension and induce sleep by depressing the CNS in small amounts. Example include: Antidepressants Alcohol Mandrax Glue etc In large amounts they cause Stupor, Coma and Death.
S TIMULANTS Drug that enhance Elertness and Energy, cause Euphoria and reduce Sleep and Appetite. Cocaine Khat Nicotine Amphetamines Euphoria is quickly followed by Depression.
H ALLUCINOGENS They Distort Perception and hence Generate Euphoria. However they can cause terror. Example is LSD. (LYSERGIC ACID DIETHYLAMIDE) and its many Synthetic and Natural Preparations.
PSYCHEDELICS They produce:- Perceptual Distortion Thought Distortion Emotional Distortion Creative Problem Solving Ego Boundary Distortion Spirituality
E FFECT OF DRUG ABUSE Immediate direct action of the drug on tissues Long term direct action of the drug Direct reaction of the sudden withdrawal of the drug Indirect effect of the ion of the drug Effects of methods of use.
D RUGS ABUSED IN UON Exploratory research indicates that the following drugs are abused in UON. Alcohol – some rooms might be pubs Cannabis – peddling and use has penetrated halls ( both genders) Khat, Nicotine, heroine, cocaine, cocktails Drug addiction and abuse coexists with sex addiction and sex trade.
D RUGS ABUSED IN N AIROBI Exploratory research indicates serious abuse of Alcohol ( Chang’aa, Bathura, Marwa & Methanol) Nicotine (shisha), Khat, heroine, cocaine, “ Rohibno,” CANNABIS, sleeping pills and antidepressants in most neighbourhood. Drug abuse coexists with sex addiction and sex trade.
S OURCE OF ADDICTIVE DISORDERS
C ODEPENDENCY SYNDROME A disease of self personhood and arrested identity formation First observed in children and spouses of alcoholics who behaved like alcoholics yet they were teetotallers. Its observed in people living with chronically ill people and recovering addicts.
H OW CODEPENDENCY SYNDROME DEVELOPS Exposure to Codependency situations Prohibition of spontaneous expression Prohibition of expressing vulnerability Where love is denied A state of continuous oppression and brutality ( Dictatorship, double binds)
S YMPTOMS OF CODEPENDENCY Controllers Superhelpers Stoics Perfectionists Super achievers Etc
O VERCOMING CODEPENDENCY Practice detachment Avoid being reactionary Set yourself and others free Remove the victim/ don’t give away John’s head Boundaries: no is no Fall in love with yourself
T HE DONKEY SYNDROME ( LSE ) Overbearing, angry, tired, burnt out Dirty and abandoned Down cast and whipped Bound and sick Kicks and dramatizes anger Crying often and difficult to console Hungry
S OURCE OF LSE Families giving children conditions of worth perfectionism, religion addicts, workaholics unavailable to give love. Child Abuse Families with chronically ill members Early loss, divorce and separation Personal failure/ or disaster.
S YMPTOMS OF THE DONKEY SYNDROME Cognitive dysfunction Negative automatic scripts Emotional dysfunction Heavy negative feelings confusion and fusion Behaviour dysfunction Poor relationship life Poor communication Addictive disorders and codependency
H OW TO BE A ZEBRA Beautiful and radiant ( attractive) Happy and confident Free Laughing and singing not crying Strong and focused Healthy community with friends
O VERCOMING LSE Self help books Personal therapy Rehabilitation Assertiveness skills training Emotional mastery skills Non codependent use of alcohol AA and the 12 steps