Presentation on theme: "AVRAM NOAM CHOMSKY Biography Criticisms and problems"— Presentation transcript:
1AVRAM NOAM CHOMSKY Biography Criticisms and problems “Language is a process of free creation; its laws and principles are fixed, but the manner in which the principles of generation are used is free and infinitely varied. Even the interpretation and use of words involves a process of free creation.”To change this poster, replace our sample content with your own. Or, if you'd rather start from a clean slate, use the New Slide button on the Home tab to insert a new page, then enter your text and content in the empty placeholders. If you need more placeholders for titles, subtitles or body text, copy any of the existing placeholders, then drag the new one into place.BiographyCriticisms and problemsRemaining questionsBorn December 7th in Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaKnown as the “father of modern linguistics”He was born into a Jewish family and has one younger brotherHe began studying at the University of Pennsylvania at age 16 and to pay for the cost of his undergraduate studies he taught Hebrew.He married Carol Doris Schatz in 1947 and they remained married until 2008, the year of her deathChomsky has never proven that there is a universal grammar only observedSome believe that language is not innate, and that it must be taught and conditionedHis theories are often countered with the argument a universal grammar can’t exist because there are many languagesHow can it be proved that language acquisition is an innate system?Is language innate or learned? (this will always remain the major question in linguistics)Major contributionsNoam Chomsky’s most famous theory is transformational grammarTransformational grammar refers to the idea that sentences have layers 1) the surface structure and 2) the deep structure. The surface is composed of the basic rules of the particular language but the deep surface taps into the unconscious of the speaker and listener. The deep structure is similar between all languages. The deep structure is what allows people to understand language and to make complex interpretation of sentencesHe argued that the ability to learn language is a function built into human being and that this structure allows humans to acquire language.Generative LinguisticsNoam Chomsky belongs to the School of thought known as generative linguisticsThis is a school of thought that essentially describes the complexity of language as an innate system. According to generative linguistics all languages stems from a universal grammar which is a subconscious set of rules used to determine structures of sentences.There are many different approaches to this school of thought, Chomsky’s is considered the “minimalist program”Before Noam Chomsky generative linguistics arguably did not exist. Many of the branches in generative linguistics were created by him.Research methodsStudy eraTaking short sentences and displaying that people can understand them in a complicated wayObserving children, and noticing that children (no matter what language they speak) learn language at the same rate in the same stagesMuch of Noam Chomsky’s research came from logic. He introduced his questions about language and using situations from life answered them by applying his theoriesChomsky’s most notable work which introduced transformational grammar is the novel Syntactic Structures published in 1957In 1965 he published Aspects of The Theory of Syntax which further explained transformational grammar and delved deeper into the reasons why humans can learn languageStudy QuestionsWhat is it that we know, when we know a language?How is this knowledge acquired? What is the physical basis, in neural mechanisms, for the systems of knowledge and use of language?Is language innate or learned?