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The Old Man and the Sea. Themes Show how each of the following themes is shown in the novel. In your response, allude to specific parts of the novel,

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Presentation on theme: "The Old Man and the Sea. Themes Show how each of the following themes is shown in the novel. In your response, allude to specific parts of the novel,"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Old Man and the Sea

2 Themes Show how each of the following themes is shown in the novel. In your response, allude to specific parts of the novel, citing page numbers in parentheses (that means brackets )

3 Stoicism Stoicism is defined as virtue (strength and moral virtue), endurance, and self- sufficiency. Look stoicism up in the dictionary and write more of a definition. Another way to think of stoicism is that it means not giving up or giving in to pain hardship, or other adversity.

4 Compassion and love

5 The attractiveness of Youth

6 The wisdom of Age

7 Nature (nature’s power, beauty, unpredictability or anything else)

8 Luck vs. Craft and Skill

9 Personal Response Write about one of the following – Write about your favourite character. Why do you like him? – What did you like about the book? (try to be positive) – How does the book relate to your own life/experience? Explain

10 You will discuss quotes in relation to there: Context: Definition as a noun “ the set of circumstances or facts that surround a particular event, situation, etc.”set Tell me where this quote occurs in relationship to the story. What was happening at the point in the story? What important elements of the story were being revealed. Significance/Importance : What makes this quote important to the story? What is the comment on life that it is making? What theme of the story is it examining (eg. Nature, love etc) Remember to note the page number the quote came from.

11 Here comes the quotes

12 “ Everything about him was old except his eyes and they were the same colour as the sea and were cheerful and undefeated”

13 Quotes “Anyone can be a fisherman in May”

14 “He no longer dreamed of storms, nor of women, nor of great occurrences, nor of great fish, nor fights, nor contests of strength, nor of his wife. He only dreamed of places now and the lions on the beach. They played like young cats in the dusk and he loved them as he loved the boy. He never dreamed about the boy.”

15 “Why did they make birds so delicate and fine as those sea swallows when the ocean can be so cruel? She is kind and very beautiful. But she can be so cruel and it comes so suddenly and such birds that fly, dipping and hunting, with their small sad voices are made too delicately for the sea.”

16 “But the old man always thought of her as feminine and as something that gave or withheld great favours, and if she did wild or wicked things it was because she could not help them. The moon affects her as it does a woman, he thought”

17 “Now is the time to think of only one thing. That which I was born for”

18 “I wish I had the boy” (page 48)

19 “He is wonderful and strange and who knows how old he is, he thought. Never have I had such a strong fish nor one who acted so strangely. Perhaps he is too wise to jump. He could ruin me by jumping or by a wild rush. But perhaps he has been hooked many times before and he knows that this is how he should make his fight. He cannot know that it is only one man against him, nor that it is an old man. But what a great fish he is and what will he bring in the market if the flesh is good.”

20 “My choice was to go there to find him beyond all people. Beyond all people in the world. Now we are joined together and have been since noon. And no one to help either one of us.”

21 “Fish, I love you and respect you very much. But I will kill you dead before this day ends.”

22 “The clouds were building up now for the trade wind and he looked ahead and saw a flight of wild ducks etching themselves against the sky over the water, then blurring, then etching again and he knew no man was ever alone on the sea.”

23 “If I were him I would put in everything now and go until something broke. But, thank God, they are not as intelligent as we who kill them; although they are more noble and more able.”

24 “ But I must have confidence and I must be worthy of the great DiMaggio who does all things perfectly even with the pain of the bone spur in his heel.”

25 “The fish is my friend too,” he said aloud. “I have never seen or heard of such a fish. But I must kill him. I am glad we do not have to try to kill the stars.”

26 “I do not understand these things, he thought. But it is good that we do not have to try to kill the sun or the moon or the stars. It is enough to live on the sea and kill our true brothers”

27 “A man is never lost at sea”

28 “Fish, you are going to have to die anyway. Do you have to kill me too?”

29 “You are killing me, fish, the old man thought. But you have a right to. Never have I seen a greater, or more beautiful, or a calmer or more noble thing than you, brother. Come on and kill me. I do not care who kills who.”

30 “Then the fish came alive, with his death in him, and rose high out of the water showing all his great length and width and all his power and his beauty. He seemed to hang in the air above the old man in the skiff. Then he fell into the water with a crash that sent spray over the old man and over all of the skiff”

31 “But I think the great DiMaggio would be proud of me today.”

32 “But man is not made for defeat,” he said. “A man can be destroyed but not defeated.”

33 “You did not kill the fish only to keep alive and to sell for food, he thought. You killed him for pride and because you are a fisherman. You loved him when he was alive and you loved him after. If you love him, it is not a sin to kill him. Or is it more?”

34 “They beat me, Manolin,” he said. “They truly beat me.” “He didn’t beat you. Not the fish.” “No. Truly. It was afterwards.”

35 “To hell with luck. I’ll bring the luck with me.”

36


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