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Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences By Dr William O. Ogara Executive Director, Consultancy and Research, CORAT AFRICA March 1, 2011 5/1/2015 Sustainability.

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Presentation on theme: "Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences By Dr William O. Ogara Executive Director, Consultancy and Research, CORAT AFRICA March 1, 2011 5/1/2015 Sustainability."— Presentation transcript:

1 Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences By Dr William O. Ogara Executive Director, Consultancy and Research, CORAT AFRICA March 1, /1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 1

2 1. INTRODUCTION 2. CASE STUDY 3. REVISITING THE CONTEXT OF HIV 4. PERSISTING ORGANIZATION CHALLENGES OF HIV WORK 5. REVISITING SUSTAINABILITY IN ITS BROADER SENSE 6. TOWARDS A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK ON SUSTAINABILITY 7. SOME KEY STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABILITY 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 2

3 1. INTRODUCTION  The “Rap” Story  The CORAT Story and UBS relationship  Considerable focus has often been on how donor funds have been used.  Growing realization that sustainability is more than money. This is the gist of my presentation. Welcome! 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 3

4 THE UZIMA CASE STUDY What do we learn? 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 4

5 3. REVISITING THE CONTEXT OF HIV  The HIV/AIDS pandemic in Sub-Saharan Africa remains a long-term development challenge  The manner of funding the work remains short term and unpredictable 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 5

6  Prospects for Sub-Saharan Africa reaching any of the MDG goals will require a sustained response to HIV/AIDS. 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 6

7 PERSISTING CHALLENGES OF HIV WORK IN AFRICA SHORT TERM NATURE OF HIV FUNDING  National government budgets continue to give inadequate priority to HIV work. This is in addition to the volatility and unpredictability of international aid and the reality of aid.  Moreover, the scale-up in treatment, prevention, aining, drugs, and other expenditures that are recurrent in nature and extend beyond the horizon of most of the sources of external assistance available. 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 7

8  We are aware that many countries continue to search for creative ways of sustained funding of HIV work against the adverse effects of aid uncertainty.  Cost-saving innovations could also contribute to improving the sustainability prospects 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 8

9 A General Lack of Business Culture  Most churches are eager to have investments, but the general trend is that these well-intended institutional income-generating activities turn out to become income-sinking due to the general lack of business culture.  Profit-making ventures could hardly be carried out effectively in the traditional culture of the Church.  It is possible and is in fact desirable for a church to embark effectively on investments, but it has to learn to adopt appropriate approaches and policies. A few churches are showing results. 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 9

10 POOR ACCOUNTABILITY FOR FUNDS  Financial management is a general area of weakness.  The following observation is typical, “in all the evaluations, accounting system is either absent or not followed at all.  Recording of transactions is poor.  Reports are very much delayed and in some cases very poor. This makes accountability a tricky business. Accounting staff are not well qualified. 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 10

11 REVISITING SUSTAINABILITY IN ITS BROADER SENSE The CORAT Africa Experience Think about intangible factors are prominently at play. The basic ingredient for the sustainability of the Church is ‘faith’ in the heart of the individual – confessing faith in Christ. 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 11

12 WHAT IS BEING SUSTAINED?  The Program work  The first category is Outreach services of the churches consists mainly of social development and formal evangelization. The social ministry gets the greater mention in the course of CORAT’s work, but it is also needful to take note of the complaints by church leaders about inadequate funding for evangelistic work.  The Institution Itself  The other aspect is on institutional sustainability where special attention needs to be given to two particular groups. Also in this category are specialized service organizations such as Pan-African christian training institutions, radio stations, publication centers, bible translation organizations as well as Boys & Girls Brigades, Scripture Union, etc. Religious orders also fall into this category.  The Individual Concerns  The third category is focusing on the individual whose needs are equally important and yet tend to be ignored. The challenge here is that individuals can sometimes put forward demands that are not financially sustainable. 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 12

13 LEVELS OF SUSTAINABILITY-A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK- At the lowest level is the organization that depends on external funds for normal internal operating expenses and for the “outreach” tasks of gospel proclamation and social ministry. 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 13

14 Next is a barely surviving organization which is able to fund only the “strictly internal matters”. It is able to cover its pastoral services and its core personnel and internal administrative expenses all from its in-house sources of income, but it relies on external funds for the ‘outreach services’ of evangelisation and social development work. 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 14

15 At the third level is the self-reliant organization which covers, not only its internal expenses from own funds, but is also able to fund at least some amount of outreach services. 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 15

16 At the forth level, is the high-capacity self- reliant organization that is able to fund internal needs and, not only is it active in self-funded evangelistic and social development programmes but it also has scope to effectively use resources from external agencies to expand these outreach services. Obviously, Level 3 is the basic minimum acceptable state. Level 4 is the stage which is ideal. 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 16

17 SOME KEY STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABILITY 1. Clear, shared focused vision and mission 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 17

18 2. Clear Identity & sense of ownership 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 18

19 3. Committed, visionary governing body 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 19

20 4. Dynamic technical & managerial leadership 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 20

21 5. Clear Funding strategies for the work 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 21

22 6. Appropriate staffing structure 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 22

23 7. Policies, procedures & control systems 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 23

24 KEY QUESTIONS FOR REFLECTIONS  What rings true to this presentation?  What further strategies would you like to recommend for UBS HIV work in Africa? 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 24

25  “You don’t go about changing a winning team until the game is over” 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 25

26 THANK YOU DR William O. Ogara 5/1/2015 Sustainability of HIV Work in UBS-Reflections from CORAT Africa Experiences 26


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