Presentation on theme: "The lecture of candidat of physical and mathematical scienses, dozent V.Akselevich and doctor of geographical scienses, professor G.Mazourov Saint-Petersburg."— Presentation transcript:
The lecture of candidat of physical and mathematical scienses, dozent V.Akselevich and doctor of geographical scienses, professor G.Mazourov Saint-Petersburg Academy of Management and economic
Proposals for the intensification of educational process of oceanographers using modern teaching tools and technologies.
A great contribution to solving the problem of teaching computer technology have made Russian and foreign scientists: G.R. Gromov, V.I. Gritsenko, V.F. Sholohovich, O.I. Agapova, O.A. Krivosheev, S. Papert, G. Kleiman, B. Sendov, B. Hunter and others. Accordingly, I.V. Robert by means of modern information and communication technologies to understand the proposed policy, the software and hardware and tools, devices, microprocessor-based, computer equipment, as well as modern facilities and broadcast information systems, information exchange, ensuring the operation of the collection, production, stockpiling, storage, processing, transmission and access to information resources of computer networks.
First of all, it is necessary to involve a problem all possible kinds of receptors of a human body and as much as possible to interest trainees. The computer already easily influences today sight and hearing. There are the separate kinds of the software demanding special suits and helmets and allowing to use for occurrence at image tactile sensations. On turn sense of smell and taste. At first sight it seems a fantasy, but not so long ago the arsenal of computer visualisation tools included colour, and today we cannot present ourselves without it evident presentation or the analysis convenient for perception.
The more quantity of sensor controls will be involved for an information transfer, the greatest the effect is reached in training. Therefore "immersing" courses use such popularity at studying of foreign languages. Other condition consists in unconditional overweight of practice over the theory. Instead of dull learning theoretical positions the preference at training should be given to development and finishing to automatism of professional skills by any carrying out of thematic and business games. When the person is put in a role of the expert and receives introduction executions limiting time, it is free or involuntarily compelled to be mobilised and strain to carry out the task. Still the greatest the effect is reached at splitting of group of trainees into competing commands.
The five principles of programmed learning. 1. The existence of objective training and an algorithm to achieve this. 2. Completion of each step, self-correction and the possible effects. 3. Individualization of training (in a sufficient and affordable). 4. The use of automatic devices. 5. Segmented training on the steps associated with the respective doses of information, which ensure the implementation of a step. The five principles of programmed learning. 1. The existence of objective training and an algorithm to achieve this. 2. Completion of each step, self-correction and the possible effects. 3. Individualization of training (in a sufficient and affordable). 4. The use of automatic devices. 5. Segmented training on the steps associated with the respective doses of information, which ensure the implementation of a step.
The teaching objectives of the use of program funds academic appointments (PSUN) 1) individualized and differentiated learning; 2) monitor diagnostic error and feedback; 3) exercise self-control and self learning activities; 4) release time for training by performing a computer-consuming routine computer operations; 5) visualize the training information; 6) to model and simulate the processes or phenomena under investigation; 7) conducting laboratory work in a computer simulation on a real experience or experiment; 8) build skills to take an optimal solution in various situations; 9) develop a certain type of thinking (eg, visually-shaped, desk); 10) strengthen the motivation of learning (for example, by means of pictorial or blotches game situations); 11) foster a culture of learning.
List PSUN at the present stage includes the computerised textbooks; the electronic lectures supervising computer programs; directories and databases of educational appointment; collections of problems and generators of examples; subject-oriented environments; study and methodical complexes; programm and methodical complexes; computer illustrations for support of various kinds of employment. As an example of complex use of influences on the trainee it would be desirable to result program COMET which exists in the field of training to sciences about the Earth already more than 20 years and among which sponsors the agency on sea meteorology and oceanography (NMOC) is presented also. The information on modules, since 1996 is laid out in the Internet (www.meted.ucar.edu/resource_modlist.php). These modules are characterised by the convenient interface, evident illustrations in the form of photos, drawings, schemes, schedules, tables.
Рiс.1. Prompt of the module «Introduction to Hidrography"
Рiс.2. Place of hydrography among the sciences describing the ocean environment
Рiс.3. The schematic image of variants of the equipment for research of a condition of water area and an adjacent layer of atmosphere
Рiс.4. Satellite picture of coast in a television range.
Рiс.5. Hydrographic inspection of a sea-bottom..
Рiс.6. Results of batimetrical researches in Astoria Submarine Canyon
Рiс.7. The example of Nautical Chart
Recommendations for the use of information technology in the learning process in the area of oceanology 1. Principles of use of new tools of training and means : openness; self-sufficiency; multiversion and diversity; complexity; scientific; innovativeness; tolerance; the simplicity and accessibility.
2. Computer facilities and a modern information technology allow to use widely in training colour, sound, dynamics. Possibilities of modern computer facilities: a) computing - fast and exact transformation of any kinds of the information (numerical, text, graphic, sound, etc.); b) transduceral - ability of the computer to an information receiving and delivery in the most various form; c) combinatory - possibility to remember, keep, structure, sort great volumes of the information, quickly to find the necessary information; d) graphic - representation of results of the work in the accurate evident form (text, sound, in the form of drawings and so forth); e) modelling - construction of information models (including dynamic) real objects and the phenomena
The types of training programmes 1) various control programs; 2) simulators and virtual training apparatus; 3) logic games or tasks for the ingenuity, reminding role business games; 4) the settlement programs, to a certain extent expanded specialised calculators (for example, already mentioned calculator for calculation of parametres of the equations of a condition of water); 5) training programs, programm-methodical complexes and fields; 6) geoinformation systems of various levels of complexity; 7) various office programs of the automated demands acceptance, filling of registration forms