Presentation on theme: "FILIPINO CULTURAL ASSESSMENT FOCUS GAINESVILLE FL."— Presentation transcript:
FILIPINO CULTURAL ASSESSMENT FOCUS GAINESVILLE FL
DEMOGRAPHIC AND HEALTH DATA For Demographic information Filipinos are included in the Asian American/Pacific Islander category and are considered the second largest Asian American group in the United States. Even though California, New York, Hawaii have the largest Asian American population, Florida is the eighth highest with 2.1% according to the department of health. Alachua County in which Gainesville is its largest city has an Asia American population of 4.2 % (Alachua County Department of Community Support Services, 2005). This is double the rate for the state. This may be attributed to the University of Florida and the large amount of Filipino nursing families (2-4 hundred) that was brought to the area by Shands Hospital @ UF between 2001-2005 (Gala Beach, Employment Director, Shands at UF, Personal communication, June 25, 2011). HHS, Personal Conversations HHS
FILIPINOS IN GAINESVILLE Because the Asian American/Pacific Islander community is so small, not much is know on when they came to Gainesville and what percentage is Filipino. According to Aragon the earlier Filipinos came to Gainesville as spouses of veterans. Mrs. Aragon’s mother came to Gainesville almost 30 years ago as the wife of a navy officer who was stationed in the Philippines. Personal Conversations
PAGASA PAGASA was established in 1994 and means “hope” the acronym is Pilipino American Association of Gainesville and Surrounding Areas. They have a social/ get together monthly. UFFSA the Filipino Student Association at the University of Florida UFFSA, PAGASA, Personal Conversations COMMUNITY RESOURCES AVAILABLE PAGASA and the UFFSA have a Barrio Fiesta once a year where students perform the traditional folk dances of the Philippines one of which is “Tinikung
LANGUAGE AND CULTURE In the Philippines more than 100 dialects are spoken but Filipino or Tagalog is the national language, and English is the second official language. English is used to conduct internal and global business and legal transactions. Among Filipino Americans, a combination of English/Tagalog or “Tag-Lish” a hybrid language, is spoken by many and used in health education. Filipinos are not confrontational they will walk away from an argument; they speak politely and in a gentle tone, and avoid any conflict their communication is highly contextual. Non verbal communication is very important to Filipinos and they are comfortable with silence, do not always maintain eye contact and often learn best if shown a task then asked to demonstrate. FIND HAND ON HAND PICTURE Purnell,
RELIGION AND FAMILY BELIEFS The majority of the Filipino population is catholic. However, there are very superstitious and still believe in some of the “old ways” Fathers are the head of the families and the providers, whereas mothers are considered soft and calm who take care of the domestic needs and promote the development of ones emotions and values Multigenerational households are accepted arrangements where respect and love for parents and older family members are taught and expected of the children, An important belief to be aware of as a healthcare worker is that they believe in family centered decision making, which contributes to the beliefs that a patient should not be informed of a terminal illness, preferring to protect them from despair and allowing them to maintain hope. Dating at an early age is discouraged and sex education or sex is not openly discussed. It is desired that women remain chaste until marriage and pregnancy out of wedlock is frowned upon and shames the family. Purnell, Personal Conversation
FILIPINO HEALTH ISSUES Filipino women have the life expectancy 81.5 years in comparison to that of Asian American women with that of 85.8 years the highest of any other ethnic group in the U.S. There are still many things that influence the health of many Filipinos like lack of medical care/doctor visits, language/cultural barriers as well as a lack of insurance. Many conditions such as terminal illness, mental illness, unwanted pregnancies, HIV/AIDS as well as criminal offenses and divorce are not shared with outsiders unless trust has been developed. Asian American/Pacific Islander’s are most at risk for the following health conditions: cancer, heart disease, stroke, unintentional injuries (accidents), and diabetes. There is a high prevalence rate also have a high prevalence of the following conditions and risk factors: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, hepatitis B, HIV/AIDS, smoking, tuberculosis, and liver disease. TB is 24 times more common in Asians than in Whites and SIDS is the fourth leading cause of infant mortality HHS, CDC, Purnell
Births Pregnancy is a family and community affair. Everyone gets involved especially grand parents. Fathers are involved in the baby showers and birthing if they want to be. There is no exclusion. Children are celebrated and everything is centered on the children. The christening is a very big celebration in the Filipino culture, this usually occurs before the first birth Deaths After a loved one dies for most Filipinos there is three stages of grieving. The first nine days then the 40 day followed by a one year mourning period. First stage is the nine-day novena (prayer) is held every evening after the Holy Mass. Second celebration is the 40 day mourning period (soul goes to heaven after 40 days ) Last is the one year mourning often the Filipino culture holds that the “longer the grief, the better.” so for most frequently a year and often beyond that, men will wear a black ribbon and women will dress in black to indicate they are in mourning. Then on the first anniversary a celebration mass is held. rituals surrounding death as very “showy.” Women are expected to grieve very openly -- publicly sobbing, swooning, fainting, and/or hugging the casket of the dead person -- while men are typically more reserved considered disrespectful to show emotions that are anything but “somber and depressed.” Both the birth and death are significant and moments for the Filipino family. But a loved one’s death is much more ritualistic and extended.
STRUGGLES FILIPINOS ENCOUNTER
STRENGTHS OF THE FILIPINO CULTURE
REFERENCES Purnell, L. D. (2009). Guide to culturally competent healthcare (second ed., pp. 128-142). Philadelphia, PA: F.A Davis. http://en.wikipilipinas.org/index.php?title=Philippine_Culture http://www.everyculture.com/No-Sa/The-Philippines.html http://minorityhealth.hhs.gov/templates/browse.aspx?lvl=2&lvlID=53 http://www.pagasagainesville.org/home2011/index.php http://www.uffsa.org/ Multiple conversations with Filipino Gainesville community members: Pamela Aragon, Agnes E, and Ruth Tuazon.