Presentation on theme: "1 Session 8 Master Production Scheduling (MPS) – Managing the MPS lecture session 7"— Presentation transcript:
1 Session 8 Master Production Scheduling (MPS) – Managing the MPS http://www.pom.edu/mpc/lectures_in_manufacturing_planning.htm lecture session 7 http://www.pom.edu/mpc/lectures_in_manufacturing_planning.htm Example Company MPS Records Handling MPS Lead Time Incorporating Capacity Constraints MPS Stability Managing the MPS Master Production Scheduler’s Job Concluding Principles
3 Handling MPS Lead Time The Spencer Optics Company produces an inexpensive line of sunglasses. The manufacturing process consists of assembling two plastic lenses (produced by the firm's plastic molding department) into a finished frame (purchased from an outside supplier). The firm's sales manager has prepared a 10-period sales forecast for one of the more popular sunglasses (the Classic model). The forecast is 100 orders per period. Spencer has customer orders of 110 units, 80 units. 50 units, and 20 units in periods l, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. The sunglasses are assembled in batches of 300. Presently, three such batches are scheduled: one in period 2, one in period 5, and one in period 8.
4 Spencer Optics (Continued) a.Complete the time-phased record.
5 Spencer Optics (Continued) b.Prepare the MRP record for the assembly of the sunglasses. The final assembly quantity is 300, lead time is 2 periods, and there’s a scheduled receipt in period 2. Note that no inventory is shown for the assembled sunglasses in this record, since it’s accounted for in the MPS record.
6 Incorporating Capacity Constraints a. Prepare the master production schedule for these items during the next four periods using the Ethan Allen master production scheduling method.
7 Incorporating Capacity Constraints a. Capacity=
8 Incorporating Capacity Constraints (Continued) b.Should the plant increase or decrease the capacity of the final assembly line? The plant should decrease capacity by 10 hours/period because the total units forecast each period totals 30 units (10 + 5 + 15) and the time to produce each unit is 1 hour. Therefore, 30 hours of capacity are required each period versus 40 units of available capacity.
9 Incorporating Capacity Constraints (Continued) c.Suppose that the master production schedule is frozen for the next three periods. What specific impact would the policy have on the firm's performance? Freezing the MPS for the next three periods would not allow the plant to adjust to any radical changes in demand but it would stabilize plant operations.
10 MPS Stability Freezing the MPS Time Fencing –Demand Fence –Planning Fence
11 Ethan Allen Firm Planned Order Approach Period Production Hours
12 Managing the MPS Overstated MPS MPS Performance Measures Monitoring the MPS
14 Mitel’s Master Production Scheduler Job Description A.Identifying Information Job Title: Master Scheduler Department/Unit: Planning & Administration Job Location: Kanata, Ontario B.Job Purpose and Mandate The incumbent of this position is responsible for the day to day management of the Master Production Schedule, as it relates to actioning unplanned forecast demand, forecast shortfalls, production and inventory changes, allowing accurate and up-to-date information which in turn drives material and capacity requirements and customer order dating. An advanced level of material planning and manufacturing process knowledge is required. C.Organization Structure The Master Production Scheduler reports to the Manager, Planning who reports to the Director, Planning and Administration.
15 Mitel’s Master Production Scheduler Job Description D.Job Description 1.Specific Activities and Accountabilities: -Responsible for the creation and continuous update of the master schedule that satisfies customer demand, maintains stability in terms of material and capacity requirements and minimizes RAW. WIP, and Finished Goods inventory levels by: Managing day to day increases/decreases to the schedule through interface with Materials, Manufacturing and Order Administration. Working with Materials to ensure smooth E.C.O. transition into factory Continuously monitor the impact of ''Performance to Forecast'' on inventory levels for the current month, and implement any necessary changes to the schedule; i.e. cut rollover, Increase availability through Fast-Man MRP tool. -Act as a focal point between N.A. Order Administration, Manufacturing and Distribution to ensure configured system orders are: Scheduled to meet customer cut-over requirements Scheduled to meet manufacturing cell capacity. Quoted and reviewed with manufacturing, initiating build and test. Free of any discrepancies, with Order Administration notified to correct any problems.
16 Mitel’s Master Production Scheduler Job Description -Continuously monitor problem inventory, taking advantage of any conversion opportunities, making recommendations for scrapping, or potential ''Fire Sale's". -Assess the impact to capacity, inventory levels, purchase order activity and problem inventory levels that result from any proposed major change to the master schedule, utilizing the Fast-Man MRP tool. 2.Supervisory Responsibilities:Direct ( )Indirect ( ) 3.Key relationships (internal and external) Internal and external auditors Marketing Order Administration Distribution A1l levels of management within Mitel Traffic Manufacturing Materials Planning Product Management
17 Mitel’s Master Production Scheduler Job Description E.Job requirements superior product knowledge 3-4 years progressive experience in materials or production control knowledge of internal Mitel processes and procedures APIC's Certification a definite asset knowledge gained through APIC's Certification organizational and planning skills secondary education high degree of initiative and personal motivation personal computer skills broad based knowledge of supply/demand process
18 MPS – Concluding Principles The MPS unit should reflect the company's approach to the business environment in which it operates. The MPS is one part of an MPC system-the other parts need to be in place as well for a fully effective MPS activity. Time-phased MPS records should incorporate useful features of standard MRP record processing. Customer order promising activities must be closely coupled to the MPS. Available-to-promise information should be provided to both the master scheduler and the sales department.
19 MPS – Concluding Principles A final assembly schedule (FAS) should be used to convert an anticipated build schedule (MPS) into an actual build schedule. The master production scheduler must keep the sum of the parts (MPS) equal to the whole (production plan). The MPS activity must be clearly defined organizationally. Stability must be designed into the MPS and managed. The MPS should be evaluated with a formal performance measurement system. The MPS can be usefully considered as a set of firm planned orders.