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By Jenna McCollum, Sprout Stokes and Xander Robertson.

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Presentation on theme: "By Jenna McCollum, Sprout Stokes and Xander Robertson."— Presentation transcript:

1 By Jenna McCollum, Sprout Stokes and Xander Robertson

2  City layout  All of the houses were built right next to each other.  There were no roads.  All transit between buildings was by roof.  There were small courtyards for housing animals.  Roofs were staggered to let light in through windows.

3   Had an average floor area of 25m or about 280² ft.  Made from dried mud the houses typically had a central living room area and then a smaller storeroom at one end.  A hearth used for cooking and heating sat against one wall of the structure.  Over time as some houses fell apart the materials were reused to build new structures  Windows were made in the upper section of walls Architecture

4   A hole in the ceiling on the south side of the building acted as an entrance and exit and was accessible by ladder  The hole doubles as a smoke release for the hearth.

5 Location Çatal Hüyük is in Turkey approximately 40 km Southeast of Konya.

6   The site was first discovered and excavated by James Mellart, a British archaeologist and author, in November 1958  Excavation of the site was delayed by the theft of recovered artifacts.  Serious research and re-excavation was resumed in September 1993 by Ian Hodder, another British archaeologist.  The 90%of the bones found at the site are from cows. Discovery

7  Tools  The Çatal Hüyük people had very advanced tools for this point in time such as obsidian and flint spear heads and beads with extremely precise holes drilled in them  The Çatal Hüyük had the knowledge of smelting metals such as led and copper.

8  Tools Chipped StoneGround Stone  Ground stone tools were made by tapping one stone against another to make a smooth surface. tools were made by chipping a piece of stone to make a sharp edge or point

9  Age and Population Age  Çatal Hüyük is between 8,000 to 10,000 years old  It is from the Neolithic period (new stone age)  Çatal Hüyük was occupied for about 1,400 years  One of the Largest and oldest cities discovered from pre to ancient history and dates back to 7500 BCE Population  The population is estimated to be about 10,000 inhabitants at its peak.

10   A large catastrophic fire is responsible for the destruction of the city as well as the preservation of it.  The fire hardened the clay walls, preventing them from too much deterioration over the years. Destruction of the City

11  Questions?

12   Symcox, Linda. The Neolithic Revolution: The First Farmers and Shepherds. Los Angeles: University of California,  Miller, Brandon. Catal Huyuk: origins of Civilizations. Alternative Archaeology. Web. 19 September 2013.http://alternativearchaeology.jigsy.com/catal-huyukhttp://alternativearchaeology.jigsy.com/catal-huyuk  Mysteries of Çatal Hüyük. Science Museum of Minnesota web. 20 September 2013.http://www.smm.org/catal/top.phphttp://www.smm.org/catal/top.php  History of Excavations. Catalhoyok Excavations of a Neolithic Anatolian Hoyuk web. 19 September Bibliography

13   GROUND STONE TOOLS. N.d. Photograph. Science Museum of Minnesota. Mysteries of Catal Hoyuk Web. 22 Sept  Obsidian Photograph. Science Museum of Minnesota. Mysteries of Catalhoyuk Web. 22 Sept  Catal Huyuk. N.d. Proyectso I. Angel Blancos Ramos, 4 Sept Web. 20 Sept  Catal Huyuk. N.d. Web. Humanties Blog 8 (sophia). Blogspot, 9 Feb Web. 22 Sept important.html important.html  N.d. Photograph. Mysteries of ÇatalHöyük. Science Museum of Minnesota, Web. 18 Sept  N.d. Photograph. Çatalhöyük Visual Assemblage. University of Southampton, 10 Nov Web. 20 Sept Bibliography(Pictures)


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