2 Early Humans—Tools of Discovery __________ is the story of humans in the past.Historians—________________________________.We know about the past from things people left behind.Archaeologists—_____________________________.Anthropologists—_____________________________.Both look for artifacts and fossils to tell us about the past (pg 9).Artifacts—________________________________________.Fossils—_________________________________________.Historians call early period of human history the Stone Age (called this b/c people used stone to make tools/weapons).
5 Early HumansEarliest period of Old Stone Age was the __________ period.Began about 2.5 million yrs ago & lasted until about 8000 B.C.Paleolithic people were _________ b/c they hunted and gathered and constantly moved around.Nomads—_________________________________.Men and Women had different roles:Women—cared for children & gathered berries, nuts, and grains.Men—hunted animals using clubs, spears, traps, and bows & arrows.
6 Early Humans Paleolithic people adapted to their ___________. Warm climates: wore little clothing and not much need for shelter.Cold climates: used caves for shelter and over time learned to use animal hides and wooden poles to create shelters.Paleolithic people discovered ______.Fire kept them warm, provided light, and helped cook food.Needed fire to survive ________.Ice Age = long periods of extreme cold.Paleolithic people also developed spoken _________. (This made it easier to work together and pass on knowledge. )Also expressed themselves not in words, but _____.
7 Early Humans Crushed yellow, black, & red to make powders. Painted pics of lions, oxens, panthers, & other animals on cave walls. (These may have had religious meaning)Paleolithic people were first to use ___________.Technology—________________________________________.Created tools like spears and axes using a hard stone called flint.Over time, they started creating sharper tools like fishhooks and needles made from animal bones.
8 Early Humans—Neolithic Times After last Ice Age, people began to __________.Known as the Neolithic Age or _________________.Domesticate—______________________________.Domesticated animals carried goods and provided meat, milk, and wool.About the same time, people in different regions of the world began to grow crops. Historians call this the _____________________.Revolution—_____________________________________.Villages started forming b/c farmers had to stay close to their fields.These started forming near rivers and bodies of water.
9 Early Humans--Neolithic One of oldest villages is ____________ in present day Israel and Jordan.Another is ________________ in present day Turkey.Permanent villages provided people w/more security and steady food. Surplus of food led to larger populations.Not all were farmers: Some started making pottery, mats, and cloth. Started trading these goods to get things they didn’t have.People practiced ______________________.Late Neolithic times, continued to make advances:Created better farming tools.Began working with metal, copper, and tin.Started to work with ____________ b/c it was harder and longer lasting.
10 Paleolithic vs. Neolithic Paleolithic AgeNeolithic AgeDescription of Art and CraftsHow Humans Obtained FoodHow Humans AdaptedWork of Women and Men