Basics of copyright An item is copyrighted at the moment it is created in a fixed medium
Basics of copyright, cont. It last a really long time Life of the author + 70 years Corporate author: 95 years from publication or 120 from creation (whichever comes first)
Copyright is actually a bundle of rights To produce copies and distribute those copies To import or export the work To create derivatives To perform or display publicly To sell or cede rights to others To transmit by radio or video
And one last thing… Multiple authors jointly own copyright and each may exploit their rights without getting explicit permission from the others*
What is the point of copyright? US Constitution: “To promote the progress of science and useful arts” For most publishers:
From Journal of the American Medical Association: In consideration of the action of the American Medical Association (AMA) in reviewing and editing this submission (manuscript, tables, figures, video, audio, and other supplemental files for publication), I hereby transfer, assign, or otherwise convey all copyright ownership, including any and all rights incidental thereto, exclusively to the AMA, in the event that such work is published by the AMA. From PLOS: PLOS applies the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license to all works we publish. Under the CC BY license, authors retain ownership of the copyright for their article, but authors allow anyone to download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute, and/or copy articles in PLOS journals, so long as the original authors and source are cited. No permission is required from the authors or the publishers.Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license Copyright transfer agreements
Open access publishers tend to be more author-friendly
You can choose your publisher based on their policies
What if you have to publish in ________ journal to get tenure?
The copyright transfer agreement is the start of a negotiation process*
A publisher is not going to say no to your article just because you try to negotiate!
Author’s final manuscript is almost always ok to share