Presentation on theme: "Presentation by Mandivamba Rukuni ZIMASSET Awareness Seminar for Members of Parliament Harare International Conference Centre 12-13 March 2014."— Presentation transcript:
Presentation by Mandivamba Rukuni ZIMASSET Awareness Seminar for Members of Parliament Harare International Conference Centre 12-13 March 2014
ZIMBABWE NATIONAL NUTRITION SURVEY – 2010 Zimbabwe's biggest nutrition challenge: Children between 6-59 months of age are stunted Impaired brain and cognitive development Poor school performance Impaired productivity and earnings Increased risk of dying from infectious diseases (more than one-third) Associated with reduced school performance equivalent to 2-3 years of schooling Associated with reduced income earning capacity (22% average; up to 45% has been reported!) Increased risk of non-communicable diseases in adult life Stunted girl is more likely to give birth to undernourished baby Reduced GDP by 2-3% Stunting is irreversible!
Why has Zimbabwe become a nation of Traders not Producers? How did Agriculture lose its status as Autonomous sector? Why the de-industrialisation of Zimbabwe leads to demise of Agriculture? Can global food markets guarantee Zimbabwe’s food security?
Zimbabwe MOST EDUCATED and MOST HARD-WORKING people on continent BUT cannot feed itself!! No great nation where Government and Business have no common agenda- Learn from the BRICS- Food is national security Business sector- grow out of ‘self-pity’, get more organised, this is war Educational system- we don’t need thinkers who can’t DO; need more “THINKER-DOER” education Religion- get rich quick syndrome breeding more greed, crooks and criminals
Water, Roads/Rail, Electricity– are the infrastructure backbone of the economy Agriculture and Agribusiness – are the economic backbone of the economy
AFRICA AVERAGE 40% Urban 50% food consumed by Urban 50% food consumed by Urban 60% of all marketed food urban 50 60 70 WEST AFRICA EAST AND SOUTHERN AFRICA 30 40 50
It is more strategic and more sustainable to promote and modernize smallholder farming Small Farms Can: use land more efficiently produce cheaper and more nutritious foods increase own incomes and productivity promote equity, hunger, and poverty reduction AND average farm size will continue to decline due to sustained rural population growth
A1 land, in my opinion, is where land policy should really open up to a regulated land market A1 landowners will be the most vibrant and most diverse commercial force in Zimbabwe’s rural areas. The farmers are already more responsive to market signals than A2 and large scale farmers. These farmers won’t be stuck inflexibly to a few commodities as with large-scale farmers.
The A1 farmers will do much more if given a more conducive land rights regime. These farmers will form the new frontline commercial suppliers of manufacturing sector, especially raw materials for food, beverage, textile and other manufactured products. The intermediary business sector is the source of new growth
THE CHALLENGE Insecure land rights and poor liquidity in the market has compounded the challenges of farming The banking sector has limited understanding of smallholder farmers and vice versa State banks (Agribank) and parastatals have shrunk and that may be the case for some time.
What is now needed is proper financial intermediation With dollarization, it is now feasible to increase domestic savings in rural areas Require minimum bank savings and investment into rural sector
1. Short-term (seasonal) finance for inputs and working capital. 2. Medium-term finance 2-5 years (for machinery, irrigation infrastructure, etc.) 3. Long-term finance 6-25 years (for land acquisition, dams, etc.)
Decline in supply of raw materials both local and imported. Locally sourced raw material supply declining The price of sourcing raw materials has also increased significantly
With the provision of a Land Commission in the new Constitution it would be strategic for the Commission embarks on establishing a Land Bank as well as a Land Acquisition Compensation Fund. The two have to be completely independent but strategically, the success of one depends on the other. All A2 land shpuld be on Land Bank balance sheet