Music Intro: President James Madison America Presidents: James Madison
Main Idea: The War of 1812 was the second major clash between the United States and Britain in North America. Although neither side won a clear victory, the war gave Americans a strong sense of national pride. Background
♠ The War of 1812 is also called: Second War of Independence The War was United States against Great Britain. Who was the President during 1812? James Madison Who won the war of 1812? The United States…. Got to Know Facts:
1. British Policy of intercepting US ships trading with France. 2. Arming of Native American’s with British rifles & supplies in Ohio River Valley. Causes of the War:
3. Impressment of American Sailors by British navy. 4. War Hawks – Henry Clay KY, John C. Calhoun of SC – Nation’s reputation was at stake!
5. Southern Planters & western Farmers hurt worst – could not ship tobacco, rice, & cotton overseas. 6. Tecumseh – Shawnee leader believed Natives should unite against Whites. War for Canada Video Clip
List Four Major EVENTS of the War of 1812 1.Invasion of Canada – Three failed America strikes against Canada via the Great Lakes…. 2.Commodore Oliver Perry – Successful attack on British on Sept 10, 1813 on Lake Erie. 3.August 1814, British land forces in Chesapeake Bay, burn White House & Capital Building, Pres. Madison & govt flees. 4.Bombardment of Ft. McHenry, Sept 13, 1814 – Francis Scott Key writes the Star Spangled Banner.
Dolly Madison “I’m no Cupcake” Music Video Bombardment of Ft McHenry Video Clip
1. Hartford Convention – Federalists in New England discussed seceding, not popular! 2. Jan 1815, General Andrew Jackson wins major victory at New Orleans! He becomes National Hero! Effects of the War:
3. Destroyed Federalist Party, never recovered from Hartford Convention. 4. Strong sense of NATIONALISM grips country & national UNITY.
5. Treaty of Ghent – ends War of 1812, increased USA prestige overseas. 6. Convention of 1818 – set 49º north latitude as border between US & Canada
US Crash Course “The War of 1812” War of 1812 6 mins / You Tube Forgot to Study Video: War of 1812