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The Presidency The Election Process. Qualifications.

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Presentation on theme: "The Presidency The Election Process. Qualifications."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Presidency The Election Process

2

3 Qualifications

4 Compensation  $400,000/ year (since 2001)  $50,000/ year expense account  Is taxed on this amount too  Other benefits:  White House  Oval Office & West Wing with staff  “Air Force One  Marine One  Camp David, Thurmont, MD  Healthcare, insurance, pension

5 Perks-Air Force One & white house

6 Constitutional Amendments- 22 nd - Term limits, 24 th- V.P. becomes president & 12 th - Pres. & V.P. on same ticket

7 Many people & president’s have called for repeal of 22 nd Amendment- Term Limits

8 Presidential Succession & 25 Amendment 25 th Amendment, 1967 Allows for VP to be “Acting President” In case of death, resignation, or impeachment Provides for change if Pres. is incapacitated

9 Examples in history

10 Role of Vice President changed over time…  Officially – preside over Senate and wait…  For much of history, VP was ignored  Considered “political suicide” to accept spot  Can help “balance the ticket”  Handpicked by Presidential nominee  Can strengthen ticket, balance geography  Today’s VPs are much more active & involved  Biden, Cheney, Gore  VP vacancies – nominated by Pres.  confirmed by both House & Senate – majority vote  VPs cannot be fired, but may also be impeached

11 Election Cycle for President & V.P. Primary & Caucus Elections- A primary election or electoral college is an election that narrows the field of candidates before an election for office. Winners of the primaries for each party are announced at the National Conventions Then the General Elections occurs between the Republican and Democratic candidates.

12 What is a & caucus? Caucuses are a series of meetings held across a state. At these meetings, party members discuss the candidates, and then openly vote for state delegates who represent the candidate they support. Less common than primaries.

13 What is a primary election?  A Primary Election is a nominating election.  Winning the party’s nomination is the first step in the election process.  It narrows the field in a political party to one individual.

14 Primary Election Schedule

15 Republican Primary Election

16 Democratic Primary Election

17 Winners of Primary Election announced Conventions throughout the years… hyperlink

18 National Convention Republican Convent.

19 1956- Democratic Convention- Harry Truman!

20 Republican Convention- 1968

21 1968 Democratic Convention- Riots in Chicago

22 Then a General Election… The winners of the primary elections, then campaign to win the General Election.

23 How are the President and V.P. elected in a General Election?

24 Candidate that reaches 270 electoral votes wins!

25 2012 Electoral Vote

26 2012 Obama also won popular Vote!!! Not always!

27 Bush won the election, but not the popular vote?

28 2000 Election, Pres. Bush won electoral…

29 2000 Election, Gore won Popular vote, lost election!

30 Electoral College In each state, the popular vote is counted. The Winner of the Popular vote, takes ALL OF THE ELECTORAL VOTES FOR THAT STATE!

31 2008 ELECTION- OHIO VOTE  BARACK OBAMA WON JUST 51 PERCENT OF THE POPULAR VOTE IN OHIO AND WON ALL OF THE STATES 20 ELECTORAL VOTES  DESPITE THE FACT THAT SOME 2.5 MILLION OHIOANS VOTED FORE HIS REPUBLICAN OPPOENT, JOHN McCain!

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33 Originally….

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36 What is the role of the popular vote?


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