Presentation on theme: "2000 Presidential Election"— Presentation transcript:
1 2000 Presidential Election Popular VoteAl Gore (D) 51,003,926 (48.38%)George W. Bush (R) 50,460,110 (47.87%)Electoral VoteGeorge W. Bush (R) (50.4%)Al Gore (D) (49.4%) (*1 “faithless elector”)Lost the Popular Vote But Won Anyway…2000 (Bush), 1888 (Harrison), 1876 (Hayes), (Adams)
2 The 538 People Who Actually Elect the President…Yeah, seriously. The Electoral CollegeThe 538 People Who Actually Elect the President…Yeah, seriously.
3 How It WorksElectors: Each state has electors equal to number of senators and number of representatives. These electors are chosen by the Republican and Democratic parties of each state.Pennsylvania: 2 senators + 18 reps. = 20 electorsMost Electoral Votes: California (55)Least Electoral Votes: all states with 3 (ND, DE, etc.)A presidential candidate must win a majority of the 538 electoral votes, which is 270.This system is in the Constitution. WHY?Founders didn’t trust the regular people to elect the President.It was 1789 (no internet, etc.): could regular people really make an informed decision?Federalism: give small states a voice.
5 For Example… 2008 Pennsylvania: Obama: 53% McCain: 46% ALL of Pennsylvania’s 20 electoral votes went to OBAMA.
6 Flaws/Defects Isn’t this a democracy? Winning the popular vote does not ensure winning the electoral vote (and thus the presidency). (4 times)If no candidate receives a majority of electoral votes, then the House of Representatives chooses the President from the top 2 candidates. (2 times)The “Faithless Elector”? (Are you serious?)Electors do NOT have to follow the popular vote of their state. (10+ times)
7 Possible Alternatives Keep the Electoral College, BUT…The District Plan: elector from each congressional district must follow the popular vote of the district.The National Plan: states would force their electors to vote for the winner of the NATIONAL popular vote.Direct Popular Election: voters directly elect the president. (DUH?!)This would require a constitutional amendment to get rid of the Electoral College.
8 A Look at the District Plan Republicans in the state are pushing for this type of plan (instead of the winner-take-all system we currently have):