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The Progressive Era ≈1900 to ≈ 1920. RootsRoots: Philosophy of Progressivism Progressive Era Associationalism Scientific Management Social Justice Gilded.

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Presentation on theme: "The Progressive Era ≈1900 to ≈ 1920. RootsRoots: Philosophy of Progressivism Progressive Era Associationalism Scientific Management Social Justice Gilded."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Progressive Era ≈1900 to ≈ 1920

2 RootsRoots: Philosophy of Progressivism Progressive Era Associationalism Scientific Management Social Justice Gilded Age Individualism Laissez-faire Social Darwinism

3 The American Political Spectrum: A Republic Focus: The Society Focus: The Individual Focus: The SocietyFocus: The Individual Motto: All for one, one for all. Motto: Survival of the fittest. !

4 Associationalism freedom can only be maintained if individuals join with individuals put another way, none of us are as good as all of us rise of voluntary and self-governing associations rise of voluntary and self-governing associations review

5 Scientific Management Frederick W. Taylor Mass Production Labor Subdivision Assembly Line If this works in a factory … … why not in our _______ y

6 Social Justice justice (synonym: _______ ) in distributing wealth opportunities privileges social institutions (ex:__________ ) enable people to receive the benefits and burdens of cooperation review

7 TrunkTrunk: Who were the Progressives? Middle Class Americans Black Americans Women Religions Leaders Muckrakers review

8 Middle Class Americans Middle-class Americans alarmed by … the rising power of big business the increasing gap between rich and poor the dominance of corruption/apathy in politics the violent conflict between labor and capital

9 Black Americans Black Americans frustrated with … segregation (Jim Crow) laws in the South status of second-class citizens “de jure” or “by law”

10 Dates of repeal of US anti-miscegenation laws by state

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14 Women gaining the vote (most attention) securing educational equality liberalizing marriage and divorce laws reducing discrimination in business and professions rights to own property

15 Religious Leaders preached … … against vice … for social responsibility Protestant: Social Gospel Movement Walter Rauschenbusch Poverty? societal failing > personal failing Catholic: Rerum NovarumRerum Novarum Subtitle: Rights and Duties of Capital and Labor Papal Encyclical

16 Branches Government Response Federal State Local Non-government Response Hull House NAACP

17 “Muckrakers” Writers, Journalists (with pen and camera) Purpose: expose/uncover the “ills” of society

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21 Ida Tarbell

22 Lincoln Steffens

23 Upton Sinclair

24 Jacob Riis

25 Walter Raushenbusch

26 Pope Leo XIII Rerum Novarum “ … wages ought not to be insufficient to support a frugal and well-behaved wage-earner. If through necessity or fear of a worse evil the workman accept harder conditions because an employer or contractor will afford him no better, he is made the victim of force and injustice.”

27 Jane Addams

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29 Widespread … National (federal) State Local

30 Progressivism Imperialism Roosevelt Taft Wilson


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