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Expanding the Ledger The Income Statement Accounts BAF3M - Chapter 2 Mr. R. Kotecha (2009) Ontario Educational Assistance Bank (2009)

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Presentation on theme: "Expanding the Ledger The Income Statement Accounts BAF3M - Chapter 2 Mr. R. Kotecha (2009) Ontario Educational Assistance Bank (2009)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Expanding the Ledger The Income Statement Accounts BAF3M - Chapter 2 Mr. R. Kotecha (2009) Ontario Educational Assistance Bank (2009)

2 Income Statement In Unit 2, we learned about the ledger (t-accounts) and the effects transactions have on its accounts. The ledger can be taken to a higher level explaining the capital account in more detail. Now we are going to learn about 3 new accounts: These accounts will provide the owner with more detail about how the business has performed.

3 Income Statement Remember the following from the last chapter:

4 Revenue, Expenses & Drawings Up until now, we have been making changes to the ______________ in the _______________ section of the balance sheet Here are a few examples that we have encountered (follow along by completing the T-charts for the accounts that have been affected:

5 Transaction #1 The company performs a service for a customer who pays cash ($3000) Record which is the debit and credit

6 Transaction #2 The company performs a service ($1000) for a customer on credit Record which is the debit and credit

7 Transaction #3 The company pays the workers’ salaries (wages) with the use of cash (total paid = $2200) Record which is the debit and credit

8 Transaction #4 The company receives a phone bill ($150) that hasn’t been paid yet Record which is the debit and credit

9 Transaction #5 The owner withdraws cash ($1000) from the company for personal use Record which is the debit and credit

10 The Capital Account What does the Capital Account look like? (What is the final balance?) It is easy to see what has happened here, but very unclear to what transactions specifically happened

11 The Capital Account In order to better explain the Capital account, we will introduce different accounts that better explain the specific transactions that affects the account Each of the new accounts reflects a particular kind of transaction that affects the OE: They are either a ________, _________, or _________

12 Revenues Revenue: ex. Service revenues, fee’s earned, commissions earned, interest revenue, royalties earned, etc. Remember: since revenues _________ the capital account, their balance will ______________ Rules for Revenue:

13 Revenues & Gap The Revenue Recognition Principle:

14 Expenses Expenses: Ex. Advertising Expense, Utilities Expense, Wages Expense, Telephone Expense, Property Tax expense Remember: since expenses decrease the capital account, their balance will be have a _________________________ Rules for Expenses:

15 Drawings Drawings are the Remember: since drawings _________ the capital account, their balance will be have a ___________ Rules for Drawings:

16 What is the Purpose? The Purpose of expanding the system are to: 1. 2.

17 Transaction #1 The company performs a service for a customer who pays cash ($3000) Record which is the debit and credit

18 Transaction #2 The company performs a service ($1000) for a customer on credit Record which is the debit and credit

19 Transaction #3 The company pays the workers’ salaries (wages) with the use of cash (total paid = $2200) Record which is the debit and credit

20 Transaction #4 The company receives a phone bill ($150) that hasn’t been paid yet Record which is the debit and credit

21 Transaction #5 The owner withdraws cash ($1000) from the company for personal use Record which is the debit and credit

22 Comparing the Two Methods

23 Notes:


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