Presentation on theme: "EUGS/PSS Slew-to-Cue Information Update Brief"— Presentation transcript:
1EUGS/PSS Slew-to-Cue Information Update Brief MAJ Carlito O. Flores1
2PurposeTo provide ATEC personnel a System Overview on the Expendable Unattended Ground Sensor (E-UGS) / Persistent Surveillance Systems (PSS) Slew-to-Cue (STC) requirement, technical approach, and schedule.
3STC BLUFRequirement: JUONS CC-0475 defines urgent requirement for automated capability to slew aerostat full motion video cameras to areas of activity based on cues from Expendable Unattended Ground Sensors (E-UGS).Cost: $6.5M (OPA) received for initial EUGS STC procurement, training, and fielding.Schedule:Funding: received 29 Mar 12ADM: May 12Contract Award (UCA): 1 Jun 12C&L Test: 7-13 Jun 12 (emerging results 1 Jul 12; final report due 30 Jul 12)UMR: 15 Aug 12FUE: 1 Sep 12Slew-to-Cue Performance:Performance representative HW/SW met or exceeded the requirement throughout SIL and YPG demonstrationsEUGS is a proven capability and performed IAW C&L dated, Oct 2011PTDS cueing accuracy already documented with other representative systems; C&L dated, Jan 2011
4Program Background STC JUONS CC-0475 endorsed by JRAC 9 Sep 11 Endorsed by G3/5/7 on 29 Oct 11STC Execution Plan reviewed/supported by G3 and USFOR-A, Jan 12Concept brief to BG(P) Greene and COL Stawowczyk 12 Jan 12BG(P) Greene’s comments after receiving Concept Brief:Provide Risk slideEnsure execution of ATEC FOAOngoing deployment of 285 E-UGS to OEFSuccessful End-to-End Functionality Test of HW/SW on both PTDS/PGSS aerostats conducted at SILs and YPG; 9-14 Apr 12Proposed solution will be capable of BETSS-C integration w/ SW verE-UGS successfully demonstrated with BETSS-C at NVL-SIL
5Requirements Background JUONS CC-0475RC-S requested 44 Slew-to-Cue Kits (with sensors), 02 Apr 11JUONS endorsed by CENTCOM, 14 Jul 11JRAC Memorandum dated 09 Sep 11Referenced The Joint Staff J-8 Deputy Director for Requirements (J8 DDR) validated the operational requirements of subject JUONS on August 23, 2011 and a quantity sufficient for fielding on all planned OEF Persistent Surveillance System aerostats.G-3/5/7 Memorandum dated 29 Oct 11Requests JUONS be assigned to a PM with delivery of execution planSpecified E-UGS for integration with PSSCoordination between PM FLIR, G-2, IJC, and USFOR-A determined that the correct quantity of planned PSS sites in OEF is 124, 18 Apr 12JUONS Requirement: Provide an automated capability to slew PSS ISR assets to areas of activity based on cues from E-UGS.
6Performance Requirements SensorDetects normal human walking traffic patterns and vehicles moving at 10 mph or greater 20m detection radii (Objective) and 15m (Threshold) when sensors are emplaced in pairs, 1m to 5m apart in representative operational environment of hard-packed soil.Transmission DistanceThe E-UGS sensors shall transmit and allow consistent reception at a range of at least 20km (Objective),10km (Threshold) from sensor to the PSS location without repeaters or relays to allow PSS operator to cue the to the EO/IR sensor to the location of the E-UGS detection location .CueingWhen an emplaced EUGS sensor detects a target, the PSS operator shall receive a cue indicating the location of the detecting EUGS and if that detection is a personnel or activityLatencyLatency. The E-UGS detection report , via the UTAMS SW, shall provide the operator a cue no more than five seconds (Objective) and 10 seconds (Threshold) after detection of activity.UTAMS SoftwareThe UTAMS software will serve as an interface between the EUGS Base Station receiver and the PSS Ground Station software.InterfaceThe EUGS base station provides an message via Ethernet interface containing the 24-bit ID of the sensor detecting activity along with the target classification in accordance with the EUGS Interface Control Document (ICD), 27 Sept, 2010WeightThe E-UGS receiver, antenna and cables shall weigh no more than 5 poundsStatus ReportsThe E-UGS shall send a status report identifying the sensor battery life, Mode selected and RF transmission strength 2min, 17min, 30min, 60min and every 12 hours after the sensor is turned onTamperThe E-UGS shall send a tamper alert message to the PSS operator immediately if a sensor is tamperedData DisseminationThe PSS system shall have the capability to disseminate data generated from the E-UGS cue, to include the image, to the emplacing units Tactical Operation Center (TOC) no more than 10 seconds (objective) and 15 seconds (threshold) after the EO/IR sensor is cued
7E-UGS Receiver & Antenna CONOPEO/IR SensorsCmd VideoNetwork SwitchE-UGS Receiver & AntennaPTDS/PGSSFieldedS-T-CCommandL0CKEYCOPBrigade Level ISR/Force ProSensors are emplaced by Movement and Maneuver Soldiers to meet ISR and FP plansSensors detects vehicle or foot traffic and send detection information directly to EUGS receiverEUGS receiver sends information to UTAMS moduleUTAMS module determines location of sensor and sends MGRS coordinates to ground station operatorPTDS/PGSS ground station operator receives detection information, slews camera to detection cue and obtains PIDIf there are no targets in the FOV, the operator zooms the camera to a wider FOV. (IAW current SOP for other cueing sensors)If in the wider FOV no targets can be found then the operator begins a step stare or box search. (IAW current SOP for other cueing sensors).When the target is located the operator zooms the camera in to gain positive ID of the activity.-E-UGS have been fielded at the Company level (COP) since 2010 to conduct Company level ISR. These existing UGS will be able to utilize STC when applicable (range/mountains/camera view). However, the aerostat site is located at the Brigade level (FOB) and additional UGS will need to be procured/fielded at these location sin order to meet JUONS CC-0475 (Brigade Level ISR and Local Force Pro).Primary objective of JUONS is to improve FOB defense by enhancing existing ISR assets.It will also provide ability to leverage existing Company level sensors.FOBTOCAerostat Ground Control Station
8Technical Approach E-UGS Sensors PTDS/PGSS PSS Network Switch E-UGS AntennaPerforms signal processing of geophone inputs and discriminates between footsteps/vehicles from background noise and transmits Detection/Status message in ERFF formatPSSRF TransmissionPerforms algorithms to detect ERFF transmission of Detection/Status messagesUGS RF Receiver ModuleEO/IR SensorsCmd VideoE-UGSSensorsEthernet DataNetwork SwitchPTDS/PGSSSends/Receives Detection/Status messages via UTAMS Module from aerostat to JSWSObjective: The aerostat mounted E-UGS is an adaptation of the ground based system. The ground-based E-UGS are sometimes limited in detection range and accuracy due to propagation affected by terrain (vegetation, hills, buildings, etc.), and ground turbulence effects. By elevating a single E-UGS antenna and receiver on a tethered aerostat like the Persistent Ground Surveillance System (PGSS) or the Persistent Threat Detection System (PTDS), better signal-to-noise (SNR) for transients has been achieved, decreasing the effect of ground-propagation losses, resulting in significant increases in the system’s detection report transmission range.Cmd &ControlPTDS/JSWSPGSS/GatekeeperNetwork SwitchOperator has ability to cue EO/IR sensor or ignore activity reportVideoUTAMSModuleIncreased LOS transmission from E-UGS sensor >25kAlerts PSS operator to E-UGS detection/locationProvides slew-to-cue capability to PSS operatorEnhances operational impact of PSS ISR assetsMaintains current E-UGS sensor detection radiusEthernet DataGFE: G-2 Funded, ARL developed, STC Software Toolkit hosted on UTAMS SW Module.
11STC Performance Information Fielded E-UGS: 285 systems (~15,000 sensors)C&L, May 2010FOA, June 2011 (favorable feedback)Updated C&L, Oct 2011 (based off FOA report)EUGS handheld GPS accuracy ~10mEUGS detection radius ~15-20m (footsteps/vehicles)Slew-to-Cue:ARL testing completed 29 Feb 2012PGSS SIL testing completed 1 Mar 2012PTDS SIL testing completed 7 Mar 2012Successful End-to-End Functionality Test with production representative HW/SW on both PTDS/PGSS aerostats conducted at YPG, 9-14 Apr 12E-UGS sensor successfully detected activitySensors transmitted detection to PSS at various rangesPSS slewed EO/IR camera effectivelyBottom Line: PTDS & PGSS operators had no problem locating targets during YPG SW/HW demonstrationEUGS is an additional sensor capability integrated with PTDS, similar to UTAMS, STARlite, and Kestrel, initiating cueing to 10-digit grid location.LOS DistanceNumber ofTestsLatency“Stomp to Slew”Target ObservationsFOV5 km2~10 secsNarrow10 km~ 10 secs15 km20 kmWide25 km
12E-UGS STC-PSS Integration System STC ComponentsE-UGS STC-PSS Integration System1 E-UGS/STC Configuration-B Kit IncludesQuantityCostRECEIVER - CONFIGURATION B1$3,517ANTENNA - 25 INCH2$202SERIAL CABLE$272HANDHELD GPS$380SOFTWARE CD (to enable IP Address change in the field)NSPUSER MANUAL$53QUICK REFERENCE CARD5$151 E-UGS/STC Installation Kit IncludesMOUNTING BRACKETS/CLAMPS/HARDWARE$1500POWER, ANTENNA, and INTERFACE CABLES$12541 E-UGS/STC Sensor Kit Includes (common to all fielded E-UGS)EMPLACEMENT TOOL$7SOIL KNIFE$31E-UGS SENSORS - STANDARD (TAN)55$17545Estimated Unit Cost (FY11) per PSS$24,791
13YPG EUGS STC Testing, 9-13 April EUGS SensorCamera Pods on PGSS
14YPG EUGS STC Testing, 9-13 April EUGS Antenna and receiver, PGSS
15High Level Acquisition and Deployment Schedule NowMonthMARAPRMAYJUNJULAUGSEPOCTNOVDECJANFEBMilestonesContractsDelivery ScheduleTestingFielding Training SustainmentFundingASB /ADMAPBATOUMRFUEATEC FOAUrgency StatementRFPUCAJ&ADefinitizeContract2424244030Tech Demo#2 YPGSafetyReleaseC<estEmergingCLROEF DemoIATO/ATOReady to Deploy151824MONCallFwdAPMBOGSustainment
16Information Assurance Status IATO/ATOE-UGS Config-B (STC) requires MAC II Classified accreditation to be interoperable with PTDS and PGSS.PTDS accreditation level is MAC I ClassifiedNAVAIR has requested MAC II Sensitive accreditation for PGSSMAC II Classified accreditation process for E-UGS (Config-B) is ongoingTaskDue DateRemarksStatusSIP/DIPDoneUploaded to CA TDBComplete DiagramsACA Scoping QuestionnaireCompleted and forwarded to four ACA candidates.Select/Schedule Agent of CAAvailability for a two day test at Ft Belvoir at PM NV/RSTA SIL. Immediate need to MIPR funding upon selection.Supporting Documentation11 May 12Multiple supporting documents must be generatedCertification Test15-18 May 12ACA requires 30 days for final results.Cert Test Results18 Jun 12Coordination with CA Representative(CAR).Final POAMJun 12Plan of corrective actions for IA deficiencies, if any.ATO Granted18-27 July 12Requires PEO IEW&S IAPM staffing/DAA concurrence.CompleteStaffing with no IssueStaffing with issues.
17E-UGS STC Risks Fielding Schedule Concerns: In theater transportation Risk A: Failure to meet requirements for ATODescription: If E-UGS, STC does not meet the IA Control compliance requirements for a MAC II, Classified accreditation, either the DAA must accept the residual risk or the system must be redesigned with significant cost, schedule and performance impact.Non-IA approved Operating System (OS)Mitigation Plan: Assuming high criticality IA Control non-compliance:Conduct vulnerability assessment of non-compliant IA controls.Perform a Risk Management AssessmentDetermine residual risk for DAA to accept or refuse.Retire: Based on DAA approval of IATO/ATO and direction of follow-on efforts.Likelihood (%)Consequence1-910-2930-4950-6970-100Fielding Schedule Concerns:In theater transportationInclement weatherAccessibility to PSS
18Urgent Material Release Test Plan/UMRTest PlanPurposeCharacterize Performance.Completed Lab Testing & YPG DemoIntegrate E-UGS software into PSS (UTAMS) configurationIntegrate E-UGS antenna/receiver as part of payloadValidate the software response to cross cue sensorCapabilities & Limitations TestingGeo-location Accuracy of E-UGS sensorsCharacterize E-UGS ability and effectiveness to cue PSS sensor to correct E-UGS using various scenarios.Validate Performance Specification (Range (moored and flown) Latency, Reporting, TLE, SWaP, EMI).Test ScheduleT&E Concept Brief ~20 May 12C&L Test 7-13 Jun 12Urgent Material ReleaseDocumentAgencyScheduleSafety Confirmation / Emerging Results BriefATEC15 Jun 12CECOM Safety & Health Hazard AssessmentCECOM20 Jun 12Memorandum of Notification and Request for Unit AcceptancePM FLIR21 Jun 12Theater Acceptance and Call ForwardUSFOR-A5 Jul 12Capabilities and Limitations Report (Final)30 Jul 12IA Authority to Operate (ATO)PEO20 Jul 12CECOM UMR Approval15 Aug 12
19Theater Pre-Coordination Deployment SummaryTheater Pre-CoordinationIJC fielding priority coordinationOEF technology demonstrationPrepositioning of equipmentPM FLIR Trainer/Installers (T/I) coordinate with respective RC Force Protection Office for unit distributionInstallationPM FLIR six 2-man T/I teams travel to PSS sites IAW IJC fielding schedulePM FLIR T/I teams issues equipment to PSS operators (LM/NAVAIR)PSS operators conduct installation with PM FLIR T/I teams supportTrainingProvide NETSystem purpose, mission applicability, integration, and tactical considerations.Base station setup, emplacement/ employment methodology, and Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures (TTP).Maintenance procedures, troubleshooting, and replacement of defective componentsTraining materials will be provided to the unitTarget Audience: PSS Operators at Fixed Sites, PSS FSRs, Key Leaders COIST, Battle Captains, and Force Protection personnel.SustainmentSustainment Systems: 13 each (10%)Field Maintenance: PSS Operators will conduct standard maintenance, troubleshoot, checks on sensor/replacement of batteries, and replace unserviceable components.Sustainment Maintenance: FSRs maintain spare systems and spare parts inventory, exchange unserviceable items from inventory, inspect, test, and record unserviceable items. Conduct sustainment training as necessary.PM FLIR establishing MOAs between PM MaTIC and NAVAIR to support deployment and sustainment.
21**Terrestrial LOS routing is maintained as applicable to facilitate Integration CONOPS OverviewSensors are emplaced by Movement and Maneuver Soldiers to meet ISR and FP plansSensors send detection information directly to PTDSPTDS receives detection information, slews camera to detection cue and obtains PIDPTDS camera takes three images of identified target and simultaneously transmits detection information and PID images to applicable destination monitoring location(s) for PID confirmation, tracking handover and engagement/responsePGSSPTDSCOPObjective: The aerostat mounted E-UGS is an adaptation of the ground based system. The ground-based E-UGS are sometimes limited in detection range and accuracy due to propagation affected by terrain (vegetation, hills, buildings, etc.), and ground turbulence effects. By elevating a single E-UGS antenna and receiver on a tethered aerostat like the Persistent Ground Surveillance System (PGSS) or the Persistent Threat Detection System (PTDS), better signal-to-noise (SNR) for transients has been achieved, decreasing the effect of ground-propagation losses, resulting in significant increases in the system’s detection report transmission range.FOB**Terrestrial LOS routing is maintained as applicable to facilitatecontinued detection monitoring and reporting capability when BLOS/extended distances are not required and/or the PTDS is inoperable**Detection ReportAerial/BLOS RoutingTerrestrial/LOS Routing