2 Overview of Slideshow Background of author Historical Figures/ParallelsTiming of publication
3 Author George Orwell Birth Name – Eric Arthur Blair Born in India 1903 School at Eton in EnglandYouth spent in vastly different places/classes
4 Orwell cont. Also wrote 1984 and many essays Orwellian: Of, relating to, or evocative of the works of George Orwell, especially the satirical novel 1984, which depicts a futuristic totalitarian state.
5 Utopia Coined by Sir Thomas Moore A utopia is defined as an ideally perfect place, especially in its social, moral, and political aspectsSo…what’s wrong with that?
6 Anti-utopian Literature Writing which reveals the dark side of utopian thinkingSetting tends to be a dystopia
7 Anti-Utopian Theory Utopian thinking is not only unrealistic It is dangerous and destructiveOrwell’s books are based on historical examples of this happening
8 Controversy of Publication Animal Farm finished in ‘44Not published in UK until August of ’45Book satirizes some world leadersWhat else was going on at that time?
9 1945 Germany surrenders in April of ’45 Potsdam July 1945 August brings A- bomb and the end of the war in the PacificBook considered a literary attack on a former ally.
10 A Very Brief Look at Three Political/Economic Systems SocialismCapitalismCommunism
11 Socialism Various types of theories or systems which the ownership/ operation/distributionof goods and services isowned by the communityrather than individuals.
12 Socialism TodaySweden (along with many Western European countries) has subscribed to many different versions of socialism
13 Capitali$mEconomic system in which most means of production and distribution are privately owned and operated.Adam Smith’s The Wealth of Nations (1776)Meritocracy and the “invisible hand”Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations. A rhetorical manifesto
14 Capitali$mSmith:“It is not from the benevolence of the butcher the brewer, or the baker that we expect our dinner, but from their regard to their own interest.”Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations
15 Capitalism TodayThe U.S. is a prime example of a market-driven, capitalist economy“Annuit Coeptis” translates to “he favors our undertakings” and is a part of the Great SealNovus Ordo Seclorum means “new order for the ages”
16 Communism Same basic system as socialism, but with the idea that only revolution will createa communist state.Expansionism/Militarymight is integral.
17 Communism Today Exists in varied forms North Korea is an extreme example of a Maoist/Communis t stateMost have evolved away from true MarxismKim Jong-Il Golfing
18 Key Historical Figures Characters in Animal Farm mirror real people/events/thingsOrwell intends for us to examine these connectionsSatire of post-revolution struggle for order & power
19 Karl Marx Wrote The Communist Manifesto with Frederick Engels Published in 1848Deemed the “father” of communism“Workers of the world unite”
20 Marx’s FlawThe vacuum of power left by a communist revolution needs to be filledFlaw: The assumed leaders would relinquish power back to the people
21 Leon Trotsky Born Lev Bronstein Charismatic, intellectual, and strategic leader of BolsheviksExiled by Stalin upon Lenin’s deathExecuted in Mexico City in 1940Scapegoat of Stalinists
22 Vladimir Lenin Born Vladimir Ulyanov First head of Communist Party in Soviet UnionDies in 1924Stalin takes over
23 Joseph Stalin Born Joseph Dzugashvili Assumes power of Soviet Union by fierce political willMaintains power through fear, cult of personality, and ruthless tacticsTotalitarian leaderStalin’s translates to “man of steal”
24 Stalin’s Propaganda Look carefully at the photograph to the right Notice the empty stairwell
25 Stalin’s Propaganda Look carefully at the photograph to the right Notice the man in the stairwellWho is it?Why was he erased from history?
26 Hussein PurgeStalin OvationStalinist RegimeEra of profound totalitarian brutality and betrayal of Marx’s ideasThe Great Purge, Ukrainian Famine, the GulagsPoster says, “The leader and teacher of humanity in the fight for peace, democracy and socialism."
27 Final Quotes“The most radical revolutionary will become a conservative the day after the revolution.”- Hannah ArendtMao
28 Final Quotes Power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. -Lord Acton