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Animal Farm By George Orwell.

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Presentation on theme: "Animal Farm By George Orwell."— Presentation transcript:

1 Animal Farm By George Orwell

2 Overview of Slideshow Background of author
Historical Figures/Parallels Timing of publication

3 Author George Orwell Birth Name – Eric Arthur Blair Born in India 1903
School at Eton in England Youth spent in vastly different places/classes

4 Orwell cont. Also wrote 1984 and many essays
Orwellian: Of, relating to, or evocative of the works of George Orwell, especially the satirical novel 1984, which depicts a futuristic totalitarian state.

5 Utopia Coined by Sir Thomas Moore
A utopia is defined as an ideally perfect place, especially in its social, moral, and political aspects So…what’s wrong with that?

6 Anti-utopian Literature
Writing which reveals the dark side of utopian thinking Setting tends to be a dystopia

7 Anti-Utopian Theory Utopian thinking is not only unrealistic
It is dangerous and destructive Orwell’s books are based on historical examples of this happening

8 Controversy of Publication
Animal Farm finished in ‘44 Not published in UK until August of ’45 Book satirizes some world leaders What else was going on at that time?

9 1945 Germany surrenders in April of ’45 Potsdam July 1945
August brings A- bomb and the end of the war in the Pacific Book considered a literary attack on a former ally.

10 A Very Brief Look at Three Political/Economic Systems
Socialism Capitalism Communism

11 Socialism Various types of theories or systems which the ownership/
operation/distribution of goods and services is owned by the community rather than individuals.

12 Socialism Today Sweden (along with many Western European countries) has subscribed to many different versions of socialism

13 Capitali$m Economic system in which most means of production and distribution are privately owned and operated. Adam Smith’s The Wealth of Nations (1776) Meritocracy and the “invisible hand” Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations. A rhetorical manifesto

14 Capitali$m Smith: “It is not from the benevolence of the butcher the brewer, or the baker that we expect our dinner, but from their regard to their own interest.” Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations

15 Capitalism Today The U.S. is a prime example of a market-driven, capitalist economy “Annuit Coeptis” translates to “he favors our undertakings” and is a part of the Great Seal Novus Ordo Seclorum means “new order for the ages”

16 Communism Same basic system as socialism, but with the idea that only
revolution will create a communist state. Expansionism/Military might is integral.

17 Communism Today Exists in varied forms
North Korea is an extreme example of a Maoist/Communis t state Most have evolved away from true Marxism Kim Jong-Il Golfing

18 Key Historical Figures
Characters in Animal Farm mirror real people/events/things Orwell intends for us to examine these connections Satire of post-revolution struggle for order & power

19 Karl Marx Wrote The Communist Manifesto with Frederick Engels
Published in 1848 Deemed the “father” of communism “Workers of the world unite”

20 Marx’s Flaw The vacuum of power left by a communist revolution needs to be filled Flaw: The assumed leaders would relinquish power back to the people

21 Leon Trotsky Born Lev Bronstein
Charismatic, intellectual, and strategic leader of Bolsheviks Exiled by Stalin upon Lenin’s death Executed in Mexico City in 1940 Scapegoat of Stalinists

22 Vladimir Lenin Born Vladimir Ulyanov
First head of Communist Party in Soviet Union Dies in 1924 Stalin takes over

23 Joseph Stalin Born Joseph Dzugashvili
Assumes power of Soviet Union by fierce political will Maintains power through fear, cult of personality, and ruthless tactics Totalitarian leader Stalin’s translates to “man of steal”

24 Stalin’s Propaganda Look carefully at the photograph to the right
Notice the empty stairwell

25 Stalin’s Propaganda Look carefully at the photograph to the right
Notice the man in the stairwell Who is it? Why was he erased from history?

26 Hussein Purge Stalin Ovation Stalinist Regime Era of profound totalitarian brutality and betrayal of Marx’s ideas The Great Purge, Ukrainian Famine, the Gulags Poster says, “The leader and teacher of humanity in the fight for peace, democracy and socialism."

27 Final Quotes “The most radical revolutionary will become a conservative the day after the revolution.” - Hannah Arendt Mao

28 Final Quotes Power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely.
-Lord Acton

29 The End

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