2 The City of EmberThe City of Ember is a novel about a group of people who have been moved to an underground city to protect them from the disaster that may kill all of mankind. The people in Ember do not know they are in a special protected place. Knowledge of the outside world has been kept from them. Doon, one of the main characters, goes to the library to learn about fire. The library books contain only bits of information. Read this excerpt from The City of Ember about Doon’s library experience.
3 Although he’d often found something interesting in these searches, he’d never found anything important. Today was no different. He did come across a collection called Mysterious Words from the Past, which he read for a while. It was about words and phrases so old that their meanings had been forgotten. He read a few pages.
4 Heavens above Hogwash Batting a thousand All in the same boat Indicates surprise. What “heavens” means is unclear. It might be another words for “floodlight.”HogwashMeans “nonsense,” though no one knows what a “hog” is or why one would wash it.Batting a thousandIndicates great success. This might possible refer to killing bugs.All in the same boatMeans “all in the same predicament.” The meaning of “boat “ is unknown.
5 The phrases Doon read are what is known as idioms. An idiom is an expression with a meaning that cannot be guessed from the meanings of the individual words.Idioms are common and they occur frequently in all languages.An estimated 25,000 idiomatic expressions may be found in the English language.
7 Football Idioms carry the ball game plan run interference to be in charge of something, to be responsible for somethinggame planto have a strategyrun interferenceto intervene on behalf of someone in order to protect him or her from somethingtackle a problemto attack a problem with much effort
8 Baseball Idioms bat a thousand come out of left field a guess that is in a certain area or range, an approximate guesscome out of left fieldto be completely unexpected, to be a surprisecover all one’s basesto thoroughly prepare for or deal with a situation
9 Pool Idioms behind the eight ball call the shots at a disadvantage to control something, to make the rules
10 Sailing Idioms smooth sailing take the wind out of one’s sails something is going well and is having no problemstake the wind out of one’s sailsto become discouraged and lose one's enthusiasm
11 Boxing Idioms blow by blow account saved by the bell a description or account that provides much detailsaved by the bellrescued from a bad situation at the last minutehit below the beltto not follow the rules, to do something that is not fairin someone’s corneron someone's side, supporting someone
12 Golf Idioms make the cut on par with someone par for the course to meet or reach a required standardon par with someoneequal in importance or quality to something or someonepar for the coursewhat is normal or expected in a given situation
13 Idioms may come from many sources including: ProverbsMythsFolkloreBibleShakespeareAmerican Phrases
14 I had to race against time. ExamplesI had to race against time.to rush to beat a deadline
15 He’s in a rat race.–a fierce struggle for success, especially in one's career or business
16 I can't keep my head above water. - to manage a situation
17 Can you name some of these? hit a bull’s eyeto achieve the goal perfectly
18 folklorea pot of gold at the end of the rainbowto reach the goal you wish to obtain
19 jumping out of the frying pan and into the fire to go from one bad situation to worse situation
20 chained to the computer to spend a lot of time working
21 rolling out the red carpet doing everything possible to make someone welcome
22 Activity 1 – Idiom CardsMatch idiom pictures to their literal and figurative meanings.
23 Activity 2 Complete the handout by Writing an idiom Write the idiom’s figurative meaningDraw a picture to illustrate the idiom.