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Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2003 V. Classic Schools of Family Therapy, Part 1 Power Point presentation prepared by Leslie Barnes-Young, PhD, Francis Marion.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2003 V. Classic Schools of Family Therapy, Part 1 Power Point presentation prepared by Leslie Barnes-Young, PhD, Francis Marion."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2003 V. Classic Schools of Family Therapy, Part 1 Power Point presentation prepared by Leslie Barnes-Young, PhD, Francis Marion University “This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of program.”

2 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2003 Communication Approaches: Basic Constructs One cannot not communicate. All behavior/communication must be observed in context. Every system is characterized by rules that maintain the system. Relationships are either symmetrical or complementary.

3 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2003 Communication Approaches: Therapeutic Techniques Concrete definition of the problem. Investigate all previous solutions. Define the change to be made. Implement a strategy for change.

4 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2003 Psychodynamic Approaches: Basic Constructs Resolving problems in relationships necessitates intrapsychic exploration. Focus on the family-of-origin.

5 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2003 Psychodynamic Approaches: Therapeutic Techniques Individuals, rather than families, are the primary clients. Early relationships, often with parents, are “worked through” to improve current relationships.

6 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2003 Bowen Family Systems Theory: Basic Constructs To Murray Bowen, the family is an emotional system composed of many generations, whether living or dead. The goal of therapy is the differentiation of self from one’s family-of-origin. Individuals who are not differentiated form unstable relationships and are prone to triangulation.

7 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2003 Bowen Family Systems Theory: Therapeutic Techniques The goal of therapy is differentiation. Focus on family and relationship patterns rather than specific issues. Look for signs of emotional cut-off and triangles. The stance of the therapist is that of observer. Therapists must be highly differentiated to avoid the emotionality of the family system. Genograms help clients map multigenerational processes.

8 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2003 Experiential Family Therapy: Basic Concepts Carl Whitaker & Virginia Satir Roots in existential/humanistic orientations of individual psychology. Dysfunction is seen as the result of denied impulses and feelings. Strong emphasis on promoting health and development.

9 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2003 Experiential Family Therapy: Therapeutic Techniques Primary therapeutic goal is growth of all family members. Therapist stages family “experiments” in session to facilitate new roles and behaviors.

10 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2003 Visit these sites– Carl Whitaker Don Jackson Virginia Satir


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