Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Theories of Counseling: Integrative Theory

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Theories of Counseling: Integrative Theory"— Presentation transcript:

1 Theories of Counseling: Integrative Theory
PowerPoint produced by Melinda Haley, M.S., New Mexico State University. “This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission of an image over a network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.” “Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004”

2 Integrative Theory Putting It All Together
Many clinicians use three or four different theories in their practice. Some look to common elements within all theories. Some ascribe to technical eclecticism or integrate several theories into one. Some believe in specific treatments for specific issues or symptoms. “Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004”

3 Integrative Theory Are Some Theories Better Than Others?
Research seems to show that there is little therapeutic difference between the theories and each are about equally effective. This may be due to: The fact that the different approaches are more similar than what we think. Regardless of theory, most practitioners do similar things. There are many different ways to achieve wellness. Research measurements are not picking up the subtle differences between theories. “Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004”

4 Integrative Theory Integrating Theories
It is important to know how theories are different and how they are the same. One method of integration is to read everything you can on the theories you like best. Another is applying them and learning through trial and error which theories work best. A third way is to group theories together by their significant features. “Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004”

5 Integrative Theory Integrating Theories Philosophy Techniques Theory
How do theories differ in relation to: “Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” Philosophy Techniques Theory Treatment Goals

6 Cognitive vs. Affective Rigid vs. Flexible Roles
Integrative Theory Integrating Theories Specifics to look for: “Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” T H E O R Y Present vs. Past Action vs. Insight Cognitive vs. Affective Rigid vs. Flexible Roles

7 Integrative Theory Integrating Theories Ways of Being
Another way to sort theories is by counselor’s role and presence: “Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” Ways of Being Ways of Intervening Ways of Knowing

8 Integrative Theory Why Integrate Theories?
Because one theory does not fit all people or all situations. Manualizaiton of Therapy: Development of specific , empirically tested and standardized treatments for a specific diagnosis. It enables a counselor to see each client as unique and apply theories that fit that client in regard to culture, presenting issue, and diversity. “Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004”

9 Integrative Theory What Research Says: Common Factors in Therapy
Hope and Expectations: Clients have expectations that shape therapy. Relationship: The therapeutic relationship is one of the most important elements of therapy. Therapeutic Techniques: All therapy effects some sort of change on the client. Outside Factors: Client variables also play a big role. “Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004”

10 Integrative Theory What Clients Think Is Important In Therapy
Having a private place to talk with someone to listen. The therapist’s personality, especially when the therapist is kind, caring, and supportive. Being understood. “Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004”

11 Integrative Theory Integrative Theory in Practice
The therapist is intentional in what he or she does. It is not a random process. Counseling strategies are changed or adjusted to fit the client’s needs, worldview, or issues. The therapist specifically considers cultural implications regarding methods chosen. “Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004”

12 Integrative Theory Integrative Theory in Practice
One basic tenet is that clients have many of their own answers and are found within the language of the client. The therapist looks at what the client says for clues to helping the client. One goal of integrative therapy is to help the client find out what they really want and then help him or her achieve it. “Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004”

13 A method that looks at major areas of human functioning:
Integrative Theory BASIC ID A method that looks at major areas of human functioning: “Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” B = Behavior A = Affect S = Sensations I = Images C = Cognitions I = Interpersonal Relationships D = Drugs, biological functions, nutrition and exercise

14 Integrative Theory Questions to Ask Yourself About Constructing Your Own Theory What is your worldview? How do you define ethical practice? How do you define empathy? What microskills are you skillful at and which do you need to work on? “Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004”

15 Integrative Theory Questions to Ask Yourself About Constructing Your Own Theory How do you make sense of the focusing concept? What do you believe about research and continuing education? What do you believe about multiculturalism? How do you feel about spirituality? “Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004”

16 Integrative Theory Questions to Ask Yourself About Constructing Your Own Theory What theories do you like? How might you integrate these? How has your developmental, familial or cultural history shaped who you are? “Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004”

17 Resources Ivey, A. E., D’Andrea, M., Ivey, M. B. and Morgan, L. S. (2002). Theories of counseling and psychotherapy: A multicultural perspective, 5th ed. Boston, MA.: Allyn & Bacon. James, R. K. & Gilliland, B. E. (2003). Theories and strategies in counseling and psychotherapy, 5th ed. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon. Kottler, J. A. (2002). Theories in counseling and therapy: An experiential approach. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon. “Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004”

Download ppt "Theories of Counseling: Integrative Theory"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google