Presentation on theme: "By: Erich Maria Remarque. -narrated by Paul Bäumer, a young man who fights in the German army on the French front in World War I. Paul and his friends."— Presentation transcript:
-narrated by Paul Bäumer, a young man who fights in the German army on the French front in World War I. Paul and his friends from school joined the army voluntarily patriotic speech from their teacher, Kantorek.
Paul Bäumer - protagonist and narrator ◦ kind, compassionate, and sensitive ◦ war teaches him to detach himself from his feelings. Stanislaus Katczinsky - Paul’s best friend; Kat has a family at home. resourceful, always finds food, clothing, and blankets
Albert Kropp - ◦ intelligent ◦ analyzing the causes of the war ◦ leads to antiwar sentiments Müller - ◦ hardheaded, ◦ questions their postwar plans. Tjaden - ◦ a wiry young man with a voracious appetite. ◦ a deep grudge against Corporal Himmelstoss.
Kantorek - ◦ A pompous, ignorant, authoritarian schoolmaster Franz Kemmerich - ◦ contracts gangrene, and his leg has to be amputated. Dies in Chapt 2, ◦ reader’s first encounter with the meaninglessness of death Joseph Behm - ◦ first to die in the war. ◦ did not want to enlist, but he caved under pressure
Detering - ◦ young man with a wife ◦ homesick for his farm and family. Gérard Duval - ◦ French printer with a wife and child at home ◦ first person that Paul kills Leer - ◦ first in Paul’s class to lose his virginity. Haie Westhus - gigantic, burly man a peat-digger before the war.
Kindervater - -a bed wetter like Tjaden. Lewandowski -A patient in the hospital where Paul recuperates. -He wants to have sex with his visiting but can’t due to a fever Mittelstaedt - -a training officer and enjoys tormenting Kantorek
Opens with German soldiers fighting 8 return of 150 men Paul describes his fellow soldiers men line up for breakfast. cook insists that he is only allowed to distribute single rations; heated argument, distribute all of the food. Every soldier is intimately acquainted with his stomach and intestines Kemmerich, in the hospital with a thigh wound. The men go to see Kemmerich, who is unaware that his leg has been amputated. They will have to keep watch until Kemmerich dies and then take the boots before the orderlies steal them.
main theme: the horror of war and its effect on the ordinary soldier. “It will try simply to tell of a generation of men who, even though they may have escaped shells, were destroyed by the war. “ QUOTE :
before the war Paul wrote poetry- Now, he feels empty and cynical, “only facts are real and important to us.” men of his generation were cut off from life unlike the older married men He believes that had Himmelstoss had not hardened the men, their experiences on the front lines would have driven them insane. Kemmerich tells Paul to give his boots to Müller.
A group of new recruits arrives to reinforce Kat is a cobbler by trade, but he has an uncanny knack for making the most of life on the front. Kat thinks the generals and national leaders should battle one another Quotes: “Give them the same grub and the same pay and the war would be over and done in a day.” “Revenge is black pudding.” Himmelstoss is a bully as a drill Sergeant The boys plot their revenge on him They wait after a pub night, put a pillow sack over his head, pull his pants down and whip him.
Quote: On the front, men are transformed from soldiers into “human animals.” The soldiers carry wire and iron rods to the front sounds of wounded horses hurts… Detering disturbed by this A flurry of bombs then lands around them. They take cover in a nearby graveyard a recruit lying on the ground with his hip a mess of flesh and bone splinters at the joint End his life? A flurry of bombs then lands around them. They take cover in a nearby graveyard a recruit lying on the ground with his hip a mess of flesh and bone splinters at the joint End his life?
Paul describes the unsanitary conditions of life at the front (lice). Himmeltoss is caught tormenting his recruits, excessively, sent to front Müller begins asking everyone what they would do if the war ended suddenly. Resourceful Kat prepares the goose for a meal Kropp and Tjaden are put on trial for insubordination Tjaden receives three days mooning Himmeltoss
Head back and they pass a schoolhouse: shattered by shells. Fresh coffins are piled by the dozens next to it their own shells are beginning to fall in their trenches—the barrels on the guns are worn out. The soldiers have to fight the fat, aggressive “corpse” rats to protect their food. Large rations of cheese and rum are doled out to the men, and every man receives numerous grenades and ample ammunition. The men remove saw blades from their bayonets because the enemy instantly kills anyone caught with this kind of blade on his bayonet. the dugout suffers a direct hit. (Himmeltoss cries) Haie receives a fatal wound. When the Second Company is relieved, only thirty-two of the original 150 men remain.
Himmeltoss tries to make admends with food and easy jobs The boys meet women Paul gets a 14 day leave, mom has cancer, he feels the “Strangeness” at home. Paul runs into the old professor. Informs Kemmerick’s mom of his death.
Paul reports to the training camp. Next to the camp is a prison for captured Russian soldiers food is scarce, starving, and stricken with dysentery They are suffering individuals, and Paul cannot see them as his enemies. Paul’s father and sister visit and give Paul some jam and potato cakes that his mother made for him Depressing - Russians
Paul returns to the front, he finds Kat, Müller, Tjaden, and Kropp still alive and uninjured. He shares his potato cakes with them. Disappointment with Kaiser arrival Returning from “No man’s land” Paul hides in shell hole only to find a Russian Returns to tell comarades,
Paul, Tjaden, Müller, Kropp, Detering, and Kat have to guard a supply dump in an abandoned village. They take advantage of the opportunity to eat and sleep as much as they can. the enemy sees the smoke rising from the chimney and bombs For three weeks, the men live a “charmed life” before they are moved again. Kropp and Paul are wounded by a falling shell. For three weeks, the men live a “charmed life” before they are moved again. Kropp resolves to commit suicide if they amputate his leg. Paul’s leg is broken and his arm is wounded
Kropp’s fever does not improve, so his leg has to be amputated Lewandowski, a forty-year- old soldier, is recuperating from a bad abdominal injury. (Catholic Hospital) He is excited that his wife is coming to visit him with the child she bore after he left to fight two years before. Paul heals well, goes home, Albert Kropp depressed.
The German army continues to weaken, but the war rages on soldiers, life is no more than the constant avoidance of death. Leer bleeds to death from a thigh wound. The summer of 1918 is horrific. Though they are obviously losing, the Germans keep fighting. Quote: “coins of different provinces”; now, they are “melted down,” and they all “bear the same stamp.” Kat wounded, Paul carries him back