Presentation on theme: "BACKGROUND INFORMATION: ALL QUIET ON THE WESTERN FRONT"— Presentation transcript:
1BACKGROUND INFORMATION: ALL QUIET ON THE WESTERN FRONT World War I, Erich Maria Remarque, Main Characters
2BEGINNING OF WWIWWI officially began in 1914 with the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand by a Serbian.But the unrest originally started in the 19th-century with conflicts between European imperial powers and the rise of nationalism
3ALLIANCES After 1914, complicated alliances and treaties enlisted more and morecountries into the battle.The Triple Alliance:Germany, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, andItaly.The Triple Entente: GreatBritain, France, Russia.
4NEW INVENTIONS World War I utilized many new inventions including: FlamethrowersTanksAirplanesMachine gunsPoisonous gasesSubmarines
11TRENCHES WWI was fought mostly in trenches Trenches were dug by both sides to protect soldiers from enemy attackHowever, trenches often caused more harm to soldiers than protections
12TRENCHES Trenches smelled bad and were filled with water. This caused soldiers to have “trench foot”.Conditions in the trenches also caused soldiers to have dysentery and lice.
13TRENCH FOOTAn infection of the feet caused by cold, wet and unsanitary conditions.In the trenches men stood for hours on end in waterlogged trenches without being able to remove wet socks or boots.The feet would gradually go numb and the skin would turn red or blue.If untreated, trench foot could turn gangrenous and result in amputation
14No Man’s Land Small, bitterly contested area between enemy trenches. Contained a considerable amount of barbed wire.Soldiers who tried to venture across No Man’s Land were often killed.
16Erich Maria Remarque 1898-1970 Father was a bookbinder Enlisted in German Armyat 18Fought on the WesternFront and was woundedseveral timesLived in the US and Switzerland after losing German citizenship because of book.
17ALL QUIET All Quiet is considered to be semi-autobiographical. Shows the horrors of warAlso shows war’s effects from the viewpoint of ordinary soldiers.
18MAIN CHARACTERSPAUL BAUMER: A young German soldier fighting in the trenches during World War I; protagonist and narrator of the novel.STANISLAUS KATCZINSKY (“KAT”): A soldier in Paul’s company; Paul’s best friend in the army; Is forty years old and has a family at home; Always finds food, clothing, and blankets whenever the soldiers need them.
19MAIN CHARACTERSAlbert Kropp: One of Paul’s high school classmates who serves with Paul in the Second Company; one of Paul’s closest friends during the war.Mueller: One of Paul’s high school classmates and a soldier in his company. Wants to talk their postwar plans.
20MAIN CHARACTERSTjaden: One of Paul’s friends in the Second Company; has a large appetite; has a grudge against Corporal Himmelstoss.Kantorek: Schoolmaster of Paul’s high school; places intense pressure on Paul and his classmates to fulfill their “patriotic duty” by enlisting in the army.
21MAIN CHARACTERSHimmelstoss: a noncommissioned training officer; was a postman. He torments Paul and his friends during their training. After he experiences the horrors of trench warfare, however, he tries to make amends with them.Gérard Duval: a French soldier whom Paul kills in No Man’s Land.