Presentation on theme: "BACKGROUND INFORMATION: ALL QUIET ON THE WESTERN FRONT World War I, Erich Maria Remarque, Main Characters."— Presentation transcript:
BACKGROUND INFORMATION: ALL QUIET ON THE WESTERN FRONT World War I, Erich Maria Remarque, Main Characters
BEGINNING OF WWI WWI officially began in 1914 with the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand by a Serbian. But the unrest originally started in the 19th-century with conflicts between European imperial powers and the rise of nationalism
ALLIANCES After 1914, complicated alliances and treaties enlisted more and more countries into the battle. The Triple Alliance: Germany, the Austro- Hungarian Empire, and Italy. The Triple Entente: Great Britain, France, Russia.
NEW INVENTIONS World War I utilized many new inventions including: Flamethrowers Tanks Airplanes Machine guns Poisonous gases Submarines
TANKS- THE MARK V TANK
AIRPLANES- SOPWITH PUP
POISONOUS GASES Two types of gas: Chlorine Mustard
TRENCHES WWI was fought mostly in trenches Trenches were dug by both sides to protect soldiers from enemy attack However, trenches often caused more harm to soldiers than protections
TRENCHES Trenches smelled bad and were filled with water. This caused soldiers to have trench foot. Conditions in the trenches also caused soldiers to have dysentery and lice.
TRENCH FOOT An infection of the feet caused by cold, wet and unsanitary conditions. In the trenches men stood for hours on end in waterlogged trenches without being able to remove wet socks or boots. The feet would gradually go numb and the skin would turn red or blue. If untreated, trench foot could turn gangrenous and result in amputation
No Mans Land Small, bitterly contested area between enemy trenches. Contained a considerable amount of barbed wire. Soldiers who tried to venture across No Mans Land were often killed.
Aerial View of the Western Front
Erich Maria Remarque Father was a bookbinder Enlisted in German Army at 18 Fought on the Western Front and was wounded several times Lived in the US and Switzerland after losing German citizenship because of book.
ALL QUIET All Quiet is considered to be semi- autobiographical. Shows the horrors of war Also shows wars effects from the viewpoint of ordinary soldiers.
MAIN CHARACTERS PAUL BAUMER: A young German soldier fighting in the trenches during World War I; protagonist and narrator of the novel. STANISLAUS KATCZINSKY (KAT): A soldier in Pauls company; Pauls best friend in the army; Is forty years old and has a family at home; Always finds food, clothing, and blankets whenever the soldiers need them.
MAIN CHARACTERS Albert Kropp: One of Pauls high school classmates who serves with Paul in the Second Company; one of Pauls closest friends during the war. Mueller: One of Pauls high school classmates and a soldier in his company. Wants to talk their postwar plans.
MAIN CHARACTERS Tjaden: One of Pauls friends in the Second Company; has a large appetite; has a grudge against Corporal Himmelstoss. Kantorek: Schoolmaster of Pauls high school; places intense pressure on Paul and his classmates to fulfill their patriotic duty by enlisting in the army.
MAIN CHARACTERS Himmelstoss: a noncommissioned training officer; was a postman. He torments Paul and his friends during their training. After he experiences the horrors of trench warfare, however, he tries to make amends with them. Gérard Duval: a French soldier whom Paul kills in No Mans Land.