2What is Poetry? Literature in verse either rhymed or unrhymed. It is intended to be read aloud for its greatest effect.
3What is the language of poetry? The language of poetry appeals to the senses and is grouped under figurative language or figures of speech.
4Absolute Rule #1Do not read line by line!Read sentence by sentence.Pay close attention to the punctuation!!!
5Absolute Rule #2Words are often out of their normal word order – just as in song lyricsIf a sentence is puzzling, look for the subject and verb and put it in order.
6Absolute Rule #3Don’t let single words trip you up!Don’t move on to the next sentence until you know what each word/line means!
7Poetry Terms to Know:The Basics of Poetry – All lines begin with a capital letter. Any and all punctuation becomes extremely important in all lines. Poems are often organized into stanzas.Stanza – AKA: Verse – A paragraph in poetry. In rhyming poetry, it is grouped by the rhyme pattern.
8Poetry Terms to know…End-stopped Lines – lines have end punctuation. Emphasis should be placed on this punctuation.Run-on Lines – There is no punctuation at the end of the lines. The reader should not stop, but go on to the next line.Free Verse – Often does not follow poetry basics. There is no rhyme pattern, but often an internal rhyme.
9Poetry terms to know…Rhyme – a repitition of identical or similar sounds in two or more different words. Most often used in poetry.Repetition – the repeating of words, phrases, or letters.
10Figurative LanguageAlso known as poetic devices, figures of speech, literary devices and literary elements. **The use of words, phrases, symbols, and ideas to create mental images and sense impressions.
11Imagery Words/phrases that appeal to the five senses. Example: The rich, thick chocolate fudge oozed down the sides of the vanilla ice cream.
12SimileA comparison of two things using “like” or “as”. Example: The pillow was as soft as a cloud.
13MetaphorA comparison of two things without using “like” or “as”. Example: The pillow was a cloud.
14AlliterationWords that begin with the same CONSONANT sounds. Example: tongue twisters – “Sally sells seashells by the seashore”.
15OnomatopoeiaThe use of words whose sounds suggest their meanings. Example: Bang! Snap! Buzz! Yeow!
16PersonificationGiving human characteristics to an inanimate object. Example: The dog danced and swayed to the music.
17AnalogyA likeness or similarity between things that are otherwise unalike. Example: Similar to wolves circling their prey, the journalists swarmed Justin Bieber.
18IdiomAn expression not meant to be taken literally. Example: break a date; get lost; make the bed
19OxymoronA figure of speech containing two seemingly contradictory expressions. Example: jumbo shrimp, pretty ugly
20HyperboleA huge exaggeration Example: I am so hungry I could eat a horse! I told you that a million times already!
21MetonymyOne word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated. Substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself. Example: The Oval Office sent in the troops. The suits walked into the office.
22SynecdocheOne word that stands for a larger item or body of things (directly connected); a part to a whole. Example: All ears and eyes on me! All hands on deck!!
23AssonanceRepetition of the same VOWEL sound Example: Poetry is so old that nobody knows how the first poem goes.
24Now you try!!Find a partner for writing your own examples!SimileAlliterationPersonificationmetaphor