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Composition of Atmosphere, Oceans & Living Organisms A Reynolds’ Production 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "Composition of Atmosphere, Oceans & Living Organisms A Reynolds’ Production 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 Composition of Atmosphere, Oceans & Living Organisms A Reynolds’ Production 2010

2 Review Really Fast 1.All elements are pure substances because it has one type of atom and cannot be broken down. 2.All compounds are made up of 2 or more elements chemically joined together to form a new substance. 3.All elements have chemical symbols that start with a capital letter… **** HINT****

3 Review Really Fast 1.Oxygen is most common in Earth’s Crust 2.Silicon is second common in Earth’s Crust 3.Together, Oxygen & Silicon make up 75% of the Earth’s Crust… 4.All other elements are in small amounts….

4 Limited Number of Elements There were a limited # of elements that make up Earth’s Crust…. The same is true for the Atmosphere, Oceans, & Living Organisms

5 Title your Journal Page Elements of Atmosphere, Oceans, & Organisms 19

6 Woohooo! Look at all the elements here!

7 Earth’s Atmosphere…what is it? Ohhh, Ahhh

8 Atmosphere Composition Pie Chart By percent, the Atmosphere breaks down as follows: Nitrogen 78% Oxygen 21% Argon 0.9% Others 0.1%

9 19 Limited # of elements % Nitrogen78 Oxygen21 Argon~1 Other~1 I. Composition of Atmosphere Chart Elements of Atmosphere, Oceans, & Organisms II. Our Air (Atmosphere) is mostly Nitrogen!

10 Look at the Periodic Table for Atmosphere

11 Limited # of elements % Nitrogen78 Oxygen21 Argon~1 Other~1 I. Composition of Atmosphere Chart Elements of Atmosphere, Oceans, & Organisms II. Our Air (Atmosphere) is mostly Nitrogen! III. Composition of Oceans Chart (rounded) Limited # of elements % Oxygen86 Hydrogen11 Chlorine2 Sodium1 Other~1

12 Oceans/Seawater Elemental composition of Earth's ocean water (by mass) Element Percent Element Percent Oxygen Hydrogen Chlorine 1.94 Sodium 1.08 Magnesium Sulfur Calcium 0.04 Potassium 0.04 Bromine Carbon

13 Look at the Periodic Table for Ocean I wonder if the Krabby Patties are made out of these elements????

14 The elements that in animals include: 1.oxygen (65%) 2.carbon (18%) 3.hydrogen (10%) 4.nitrogen (3%) 5.calcium (1.5%) 6.phosporus (1.2%) 7.potassium (0.2%) 8.chlorine (0.2%) 9.sulfur (0.2%) 10.sodium (0.1%) 11.magnesium (0.1%) 12.iron (0.1%) 13.copper (0.1%) 14.iodine (0.1%)

15 Look at the Periodic Table for Animals

16 III. Composition of Oceans Chart IV. Composition of Animals Chart Limited # of elements % Oxygen86 Hydrogen11 Chlorine2 Sodium1 Other~1 Limited # of elements % Oxygen65 Carbon18 Hydrogen10 Nitrogen3 Calcium1.5 Other~1 V. Animals MOSTLY need Oxygen to survive

17 The elements that in plants include: a few elements (C,H,O, N, S, P, Cl, F, Br, and I) make up practically all... Plants and soil organisms cannot take up most organic molecules until they are

18 Look at the Periodic Table for Plants

19 V. Animals MOSTLY need Oxygen to survive VI. Plants need Nitrogen, Carbon, Oxygen, and Hydrogen to survive. a. Plants need Nitrogen to survive b. Carbon and Oxygen make carbon dioxide c. Hydrogen and Oxygen make water Limited # of elements % Oxygen65 Carbon18 Hydrogen10 Nitrogen3 Calcium1.5 Other~1

20 TABLE 1. The Essential Elements, Their Form for Uptake, and Functions in the Plant Essential ElementForm for UptakeFunctions in the Plant C, H, O, N, SIons in solution (HCO 3 -, NO 3 -, NH 4 +, SO 4 2- ) (O 2. N 2, SO 2 ) Major constituents of organic material; essential elements of, or gases in, the atmosphere atomic groups involved in enzymatic processes; assimilation by oxidation- reduction reactions P, BIons in solution (PO SO 4 2- )Esterification with native alcohol groups; the phosphate esters are involved in energy transfer reactions K, Mg, Ca, ClIons in solution (K +. Mg 2+, Ca 2+, Cl - )Nonspecific functions establishing osmotic potentials; more specific reactions in which the ion brings about optimum conformation of an enzyme protein (enzyme activation); bridging of the reaction partners; balancing anions; controlling membrane permeability and electropotentials


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