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Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 1 Northamptonshire County, United Kingdom Sister City of Indianapolis since 2009

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Presentation on theme: "Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 1 Northamptonshire County, United Kingdom Sister City of Indianapolis since 2009"— Presentation transcript:

1 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 1 Northamptonshire County, United Kingdom Sister City of Indianapolis since The Diplomat Resource Packets for K-12 students to learn about the world through a study of the Sister Cities of Indianapolis Preliminary Issue

2 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 2 1. Sister Cities International ….. 2. Education Resource Packet Northamptonshire, United Kingdom Resource Packet a.About Northamptonshire … b.Northamptonshire Attractions ….. c.Industry ……… d.Northamptonshire-Indianapolis Comparisons …. e.Sports ……. f.Climate …… g.Language…… …… h.Cottages …………. i.Notable people in Northamptonshire history ……. j.Cuisine ……. k.High Tea …………. l.Festivals ….. 4. Appendix (Lesson Activities) a.Color the flag of Northamptonshire …. b.Color a Race Car c.Color Hot Air Balloons ……….. d.Make the Olympic Rings e.Create your own Tiara f.Word Search …. g.Find Northamptonshire & Other Cities ……………………………. h.Match the American English to the British English…………… i.Northamptonshire Timeline Activity j.Geology, History, & Geography Activity …. k.Answer Keys …… Table of Contents

3 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 3 Indianapolis Sister Cities International (ISCI) is a program of Mayor Ballard’s Office of International & Cultural Affairs. Each Sister City relationship is managed by a volunteer committee that identifies and leads various cultural and educational initiatives. The Sister City program helps promote Indianapolis as a global city, advancing cultural understanding, developing global connections, strengthening international partnerships and supporting economic development. To learn more, contact us at or visit Taipei, Taiwan 1978 Cologne, Germany 1988 Monza, Italy 1994 Piran, Slovenia 2001 Hangzhou, China 2008 Campinas, Brazil 2009 Northamptonshire County, UK 2009 Hyderabad, India 2010 About Indianapolis Sister Cities International Greetings, In today’s world economy, it is more critical than ever for Indianapolis to be a city that is globally recognized as a great place to live, work, and raise a family. Moreover, we must be a city that is welcoming and inclusive to all who make Indianapolis their home. I’m proud to report that Indianapolis is very connected to the world. Today, we have numerous global connections through our international businesses, foreign students that study in our universities, and our thriving sports and arts communities that bring many visitors from around the globe to our city. Since I became Mayor, we have doubled the number of Sister Cities. I believe our Sister City partnerships represent one key initiative in our international growth strategy, as they provide natural international connections via cultural, educational and economic ties. This resource packet has been designed by professional volunteers in our Indianapolis Sister Cities International program. We hope you find them useful across grade levels and subject areas, including extracurricular activities. We hope you have fun learning more about our Sister Cities! Sincerely, Gregory A. Ballard Mayor, City of Indianapolis

4 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 4 Indianapolis Sister Cities International Education Resource Packet This packet is designed to introduce teachers to our Sister City of Northamptonshire County, UK. It is set up as a PowerPoint format for easy editing and adaptation for use in the classroom at all grade levels and in various subject areas. It is hoped that his packet will provide teachers with sufficient background information about the Sister City along with ideas for activities for classroom and extracurricular use. The information presented here is collected and/or adapted from reputable online sources, which are cited. The Appendix includes ideas, activities, and teacher lesson plans, some designed by the ISCI Education Committee members. We hope you find the contents of this packet helpful. If you have comments, ideas, or activities to add, or would like to become involved in one of the Sister City Committees, please contact or find contact information at our website Indianapolis Sister Cities International Education Committee Contributors to the Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County Education Resource Packet Mayor Ballard’s Office of International and Cultural Affairs Jane Gehlhausen, Danielle Law, Trevor Oakerson, Interns ISCI Education Committee Susan Tomlinson, Northamptonshire County Sister City Committee Jeff Kitchen, President

5 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 5 About Northamptonshire Northamptonshire is a landlocked county in the East Midlands region of England. You can choose to step into the traditional rural lifestyle typified by Northamptonshire's numerous pretty villages with their thatched cottages, country lanes and parish churches. Or at the other end of the spectrum, Northamptonshire offers many modern attractions and facilities, and holds the accolade of hosting one of the most thrilling Formula One Grand Prix at Silverstone. Northamptonshire The Union Jack, the national flag of the United Kingdom, represents three of the countries in the UK. The red cross is the flag of Saint George, patron saint of England. The white and blue flag represents Saint Andrew, patron saint of Scotland. Finally, the red X is the flag of Saint Patrick, patron saint of Ireland.

6 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 6 Northamptonshire Attractions Royal & Derngate Theatre Royal & Derngate is the main venue for arts and entertainment in Northampton. Royal & Derngate offers a diverse program of work with everything from drama to dance, stand-up comedy to classical music, children’s shows to opera on its stages. Some of the biggest names and shows on tour can be found here, alongside a program of widely acclaimed in-house produced work. Kelmarsh Hall & Gardens Kelmarsh Hall is a graceful 18th Century house, set in romantic gardens and surrounded by an estate of rolling Northamptonshire countryside.The Estate contains numerous areas of high conservation value. All of the estate woodlands along with the park and wilderness lake are designated local wildlife sites. During ongoing bird surveys the woodlands were found to support many species noted as in decline, and as a result, significant habitat improvement works are being undertaken to help prevent further decline. Northamptonshire Museum & Art Gallery Northampton Museum & Art Gallery is home to the world famous shoe collection, recognised as a collection of national and international importance. Other collections include fine & decorative art and archaeology. The Museum plays host to a wide programme of temporary exhibitions and events for visitors of all ages to enjoy and explore throughout the year.

7 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 7 Althorp Hall Northamptonshire Attractions =500&height=320 Northamptonshire, like much of England, was once controlled by hereditary nobles. They displayed their power by building sumptuous houses, filled with the finest artwork and furniture. Althorp Hall was one of these. The Althorp Estate extends covers 14,000 acres of beautiful countryside in Northamptonshire, Warwickshire and Norfolk. This Estate encompasses cottages, farms, woodlands and villages, which combine to give a rich mix of landscapes, habitats and activities. Althorp is the home of the late Princess Diana’s family. Construction began at Althorp in 1512, and it continued to However, the house as it looks today is roughly what it looked like by The Olympic Torch at Althorp Hall in Above: The Olympic Torch at Althorp. Right: The interior of the house. Below: The Exterior of the house.

8 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 8 Industry Northamptonshire Historically, Northamptonshire's main industry was the manufacture of boots and shoes, up until the 80s. Still, there important shoe makers in the shire, such as R Griggs and Co Ltd, that makes Dr. Martens. The first Dr. Martens (or "Doc Martens") boots in the United Kingdom came out on 1 April 1960 (known as style 1460 and still in production today), with an eight- eyelet Ox Blood Smooth leather design. Originally Dr. Martens were made in their Cobbs Lane factory (which is still working today). In addition, a number of shoe manufacturers in the Northamptonshire area also produced DM's under license, as long as they passed quality standards. Shoes Foods Internationally known Weetabix, the whole grain wheat breakfast cereal, is made in Burton Latimer. Northampton is the home of the national Carlsberg brewery, which is also a major sponsor of soccer teams like Arsenal F.C. BakeAway, formerly Saxby Brothers, are bakers of home food products, based in Corby. Snack food manufacturer, Golden Wonder, also makes its home in Corby, Northamptonshire.

9 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 9 NorthamptonshireIndianapolis State / RegionEast Midlands Indiana CountryEngland, The United KingdomUnited States of America Founded Population687,000+, ranked 33 rd largest county in England 820,000 +; ranked 12 th largest city in USA WaterwaysRiver NeneWhite River Major industry Finance, Agriculture, Auto Racing, Shoes, Leather Insurance, Pharmaceutical, Transportation Sports TeamsRugby, Football, Swimming, Auto Racing, Cricket Professional basketball; football; baseball; soccer; auto racing – Indy 500 Festivals & Traditions Balloon Festival, British Grand Prix, World Conker Championships, Althorp Literary Festival 500 Festival; Independence Day; Christmas Tree lighting at Monument Circle Northamptonshire-Indy Comparison

10 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 10 Sports Soccer/Football: Northamptonshire has several football teams, the most prominent being the League Two side Northampton Town. Other football teams include Kettering Town who are in the Conference National & Corby Town, who are in the Conference North. Wellingborough Town claims to be the sixth oldest club in the country. Cricket: Northamptonshire County Cricket Club is in Division Two of the County Championship. Northamptonshire Cricket Club has recently signed overseas professionals such as Sourav Ganguly. Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of 11 players on a field, at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard long pitch. One team bats, trying to score as many runs as possible while the other team bowls and fields, trying to dismiss the batsmen and thus limit the runs scored by the batting team. A run is scored by the striking batsman hitting the ball with his bat, running to the opposite end of the pitch and touching the crease there without being dismissed. The teams switch between batting and fielding at the end of an innings. Rugby Union: Northamptonshire has many rugby union clubs. Its premier team, Northampton Saints, competes in the Aviva Premiership and won the European championship in 2000 by defeating Munster for the Heineken Cup, 9-8. Saints are based at the 13,600 capacity Franklin's Gardens ground. Swimming: There are five main swimming clubs in the county: Wellingborough, Northampton, Kettering, Daventry and Rushden. They participate in many competitions. There is also an Olympic sized swimming pool at Corby opened in

11 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 11 Motorsport Industry & Comparisons ComparisonIndianapolis Motor SpeedwaySilverstone Circuit History Since it opened in 1909, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway has been at the epicenter of motorsports history. Nearly all of the legends of worldwide racing have competed on the Speedway's hallowed ground. For more than 60 years Silverstone has carved its mark as one of the leading motorsport venues, creating a powerful heritage around the world. It is internationally renowned as the host of world class events. Major Event(s)Indianapolis 500, Brickyard 400British Grand Prix First Race Held Length2.5 Miles2.02 Miles Turns417 Capacity400,00090,000 Silverstone: Silverstone is a major motor racing circuit, most notably used for the British Grand Prix. Rockingham Speedway Corby is the largest stadium in the UK with 130,000 seats. It is a US-style elliptical racing circuit and is used extensively for all kinds of motor racing events. The British Grand Prix is a race in the calendar of the FIA Formula One World Championship. It is currently held at the Silverstone Circuit. The British and Italian Grands Prix are the oldest continuously staged Formula One World Championship Grands Prix. Indianapolis Motor Speedway: The Indianapolis Motor Speedway, located in Speedway, Indiana in the United States, is the home of the Indianapolis 500 and the Brickyard 400. It has existed since 1909, and is the original Speedway, the first racing facility so named. With a permanent seating capacity for more than 400,000 people, it is the highest-capacity stadium-type facility in the world.

12 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 12 Climate Like the rest of the British Isles, Northamptonshire has an oceanic climate. The British Isles undergo very small temperature variations. This is due to its proximity to the Atlantic, which acts as a temperature buffer, warming the Isles in winter and cooling them in summer. Month High Temperature (°F) Low Temperature (°F) Precipitation (inches) January February March April May June July August September October November December

13 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 13 Language American EnglishBritish English Counter-clockwiseAnti-clockwise AttorneyBarrister CookieBiscuit Car HoodCar Bonnet TrunkBoot Parking LotCar Park PharmacyChemist’s Shop French FriesChips Potato ChipsCrisps PacifierDummy Girl ScoutGirl Guide ElevatorLift VacationHoliday Tic-tac-toeNaughts & Crosses Pet PeevePet Hate Big DipperThe Plough MailPost FootballSoccer LineQueue Even though, people in Northamptonshire speak the same language we do here, we often use different words to describe the same things. Here are some examples:

14 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 14 Language Aluminum Al-u-min-e-um Apricot Ape-re-cot Basil Ba-zel Caribbean Kare-ih-be-an Edinburgh Edin-bur-ah Garage Garr-oge Glacier Glay-c-ier Herb Heh-rb Lieutenant Lef-tenant Mercy Murr-see Moscow Moss-co Oregano Ore-e-gon-oh Patronize Pat-ron-ize Premature Prea-mat-chur Primer Pry-mer Process Pro-cess Route Root Schedule Shed-u-ul Tomato To-ma-tow Vitamin Vit-a-min Water Woa-ter Worcestershire Wo-ste-sheer Zebra Zeb-ra Northamptoshire Nor-hampton-sheer Here are some words that are pronounced differently in British English and in American English: Search how to pronounce these words at

15 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 15 Cottages Northamptonshire is full of beautiful cottages! Stoke Bruerne (Stoke Brew-urn) is a small village and civil parish in South Northamptonshire, England about 10 miles (16 kilometres) north of Milton Keynes and 7 miles (11 kilometres) south of Northampton. The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book in 1086 as "Stoche" meaning "an outlying farmstead or hamlet". The form "Stokbruer" is used in 1254 being a suffix by the "Briwere" family of the Manor House. Architecturally, the village is fairly typical for this area of south Northamptonshire containing many traditional stone and thatched cottages. The village's main claim to fame is its situation on the Grand Union Canal making it a favourite destination for tourists. Renting holiday cottages is one of the most often chosen forms of holidays in Northamptonshire. It is a common occurrence to see families or couples reserving holiday cottages, such as Willow Cottage in Barnwell (right). Mid-Eighteenth century Debdale Cottage is a detached tile roofed cottage. An example of the finer cottages in the Northamptonshire village of Denford (right). Some cottages are transformed properties, such as the former Nags Head Inn in Weldon (right).

16 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 16 Notable Northamptonshire People Richard III ( ): The 15th century King of England, Richard III, was born in Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire, in Following the death of his brother (King Edward IV) Richard III ruled briefly as Regent for Edward IV’s son, before incarcerating the youngster and his brother Richard in the Tower of London and ascending the throne himself. Richard III became King of England in 1483 and reigned until his death in the Battle of Bosworth. King Richard III was the last English king to die on the battlefield. Anne Dudley ( ): The famous American poet, Anne Dudley Bradstreet was born in Northampton, in She was the first poet and first female writer in the British North American colonies to be published. Her most admired works are her poems “To My Dear and Loving Husband,” “Upon the Burning of Our House,” and “An Author To her Book.” John Dryden ( ): The famous poet and prolific writer, John Dryden, was born in Aldwinkle, Northamptonshire; appointed Poet Laureate in Dryden’s most acclaimed work is All for Love, the story of Antony and Cleopatra. He is probably best known for his final contribution, Fables, Ancient and Modern (1699). Charles Montagu ( ): Statesman, MP, Chancellor of the Exchequer, founder of the Bank of England in 1694, and briefly Prime Minister ( ), Charles Montagu was born in Horton, Northamptonshire; Diana, Princess of Wales ( ): One of the most Famous People of Northamptonshire, adored the world over, Princess Diana, often fondly referred to as the People’s Princess, is buried in the grounds of Althorp, Northampton, home of the Spencer family.

17 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 17 Northamptonshire Cuisine Ock’n’Dough The most famous of the county’s dishes is the ock’n’ dough, a hock of ham placed in a pudding basin and surrounded by onion and potato, topped up with stock and then covered with pastry. Jelly from the hock helps the stock set, so the dish can be cooled and then sliced. Long Bucky Feast Pudding Long Buckby feast pudding, similar to a Christmas pudding taste. The dish contains leeks, beef, and pork.

18 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 18 Northamptonshire Recipe This type of cheesecake or "curd tart" was known by many different names and was differently flavored according to region. Sometimes it might have a little rum added and in some areas it was eaten as an accompaniment to roast meat. No celebration was complete without it on the table and it was often baked for sheep-shearing festivals. Ingredients: Pie crust or flaky pastry 2 tablespoons butter 1 1/2 tablespoons sugar a little almond extract a little grated nutmeg 2 tablespoons currants 1 egg 1 pint sour milk a little grated lemon rind Method- Stir butter, egg and sugar in a saucepan over a low heat until thick; do not allow to boil.- Boil the sour milk until it separates into curds and whey.- Strain off the curd, press well.- Add it to the mixture when cold, with currants, spice flavorings.- Line some patty pans with pastry, fill them with the mixture and bake in a hot oven 425 degrees for about 10 minutes.

19 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 19 British High Tea High tea is an early evening meal, typically eaten between 5pm and 7pm. It is now largely followed by a lighter meal later in the evening. High tea typically consists of a hot dish such as fish and chips, shepherd's pie, or macaroni cheese, followed by cakes and bread, butter and jam. Traditionally high tea was eaten by middle to upper class children (whose parents would have a more formal dinner later) or by labourers, miners and the like when they came home from work. The term high tea was used as a way to distinguish it from afternoon tea.

20 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 20 Northamptonshire Festivals The Northampton Balloon Festival is an annual hot air balloon festival held in the English town of Northampton. The first festival was held in Northampton Balloon Festival Oundle International Festival The Oundle International Festival is a ten day festival featuring classical music, jazz and open- air theatre. This year's festival will take place in various venues across the town. The mission of the Oundle Music Trust is to provide inspiring musical experiences which contribute to the social, cultural, educational and economic well-being of the region, and to the artistic life of the UK.

21 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 21 Northamptonshire Festivals Althorp Literary Festival Conkers is a traditional British children's game played using the seeds of horse-chestnut trees. The game is played by two players, each with a conker threaded onto a piece of string: they take turns striking each other's conker until one breaks.The World Conker Championships are held annually on the second Sunday in October in the village of Ashton near Oundle in Northamptonshire. Since 1965, conker players from around the world have gathered on the village green to compete for the world title. World Conker Championships, Althorp has established itself as one of Britain’s best loved literary festivals with a great location, excellent organization, and very fine writers and speakers. During the festival, people can listen to talks in the exquisite surroundings of the 500-year-old family home of the Spencers while sampling estate game and local delicacies.

22 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 22 Appendix Indianapolis is a global city. In the quest to become globally aware, connected, and ready to compete on the world market, schools are seeking to internationalize their curriculum. The Indianapolis Sister Cities International program seeks to promote these goals. The information presented in this Resource Packet can be utilized to meet the Core Curriculum Standards at many grade levels with a view toward teaching our students about our own city and its connections to our Sister Cities. The following pages contain sample activities for the class room. Sample Lessons and Activities 1. Color the Flag of Northamptonshire 2. Decorate a Race Car 3. Color Hot Air Balloons for the Balloon Festival 4. Make the Olympic Rings 5. Make your own Tiara 6. Word Search 7. Find Northamptonshire 8. British vs. American English Matching 9. Northamptonshire Timeline 10. Geology, History, & Geography Timeline Additional Activities 1.Sister Cities in a School Year. Choose one Sister City to highlight each month of the school year. This could be done in the classroom or school wide. 2.Cultural Elements. Compare and contrast cultural elements of Indianapolis and Northamptonshire. Create a multi-media presentation. 3.Make a scrapbook. of Indianapolis’ history, architecture, geography and cultural events. Photos of this scrapbook could be posted online or sent to a school in Northamptonshire. 4.Events/festivals. Organize an in school or after school event highlighting a celebration or festival as practiced in Northamptonshire. 5.Geography. Compare and contrast the surrounding geography and city plan for Northamptonshire as compared to Indianapolis. Discuss the ways in which the river setting has affected the cities. 6. Poster project. Choose one of the mentioned festivals and create a poster about it.

23 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 23 Color the Flag of Northamptonshire

24 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 24 Decorate a Race Car! Use markers, glitter, glue, fabric, or anything you can find to decorate your own racecar!

25 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 25 Color Hot Air Balloons Color some hot air ballons for the Northamptonshire Balloon Festival!

26 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 26 Celebrate the London Olympics To help all of England celebrate the London Olympics, make this Olympic rings craft! Supplies 5 small paper plates Blue, black, red, green and yellow paint Glue Instructions 1. Carefully cut out the centre of the 5 paper plates. 2. Paint each plate in a different color and leave to dry. 3. Lay out the rings in the Olympic design and glue together. 4. Hang up!

27 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 27 Create a Tiara Royalty has roots in Northamptonshire! The city is the home of Princess Diana’s family. Create your own tiara to pretend you’re a royal, too! Materials: Metallic Silver Poster Board Stickers & Plastic Gems Double-sided Tape Large Paper Clip Instructions: 1.Cut out a basic tiara shape from the silver poster board. 2. Trim the midsection to create a fancy edge. 3.Adorn the crowns with stickers and plastic gems attached with double-sided tape. 4.To fit each tiara, wrap it around your head and paper-clip the overlapped ends

28 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 28 Word Search BalloonGrand PrixRugbyOundle AlthorpFestivalOceanicSilverstone ConkersEnglandPrincessNorthamptonshire FlagKelmarshTheatreTiara United KingdomDianaMusicBritish

29 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 29 Find Northamptonshire Find these cities on the map of England: BudeCanterbury ExmouthLeeds LondonLiverpool ManchesterNorthamptonshire Oxford

30 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee Counter-clockwise 2. Attorney 3. Cookie 4. Car Hood 5. Trunk 6. Parking Lot 7. Pharmacy 8. French Fries 9. Potato Chips 10. Pacifier 11. Girl Scout 12. Elevator 13. Vacation 14. Tic-tac-toe 15. Pet Peeve 16. Big Dipper 17. Mail a.Chemist’s Shop b.Girl Guide c.The Plough d.Barrister e.Chips f.Dummy g.Pet Hate h.Anti-clockwise i.Car Park j.Crisps k.Holiday l.Lift m.Post n.Naughts & Crosses o.Bonnet p.Boot q.Biscuit Match the American English to the British English

31 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 31 Northamptonshire Timeline Use the internet to complete the following about Northamptonshire. 1.When were the first settlements at Briar Hill built? 2.Define Palaeolithic, Neolithic, and archaeologist 3.Round barrows from about 4000 years ago were found scattered in Northamptonshire. Which Age are these from? Stone, Bronze, or Iron? 4.What are the start and end years for this age? 5.Define Grave Goods 6.When did the Romans invade Northamptonshire? 7.When the Romans invaded, how long did they stay? 8.Who is Thomas A. Becket? 9.When and why was he put on trial? 10.When was the last Parliament to assemble at Northampton? 11.When was the Great Fire of Northampton? The site of the Great Fire of Northampton

32 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 32 Geology, History, & Geography Activity All rocks found in Northamptonshire are ____________. More than ___________ years ago, the Midlands and Southern England were under the sea. A process of submersion and uplifting recurred several times, each time a new layer of sediment was laid down. The Northamptonshire Heights are part of the great line of limestone hills that stretch from Yorkshire to the Dorset Coast. The whole of this geological zone is known as the ___________ System. The only __________ rocks found in the county are pebbles and small boulders, which were carried here during the great Glacial periods. Much of the county is covered with rock debris deposited during the great ___________. It rounded off the hills where they were capped by soft rocks and shaped many river valleys. The river __________ has a very broad valley east of Northampton. This was probably caused by the enormous amount of water that was released by the melting ice. Gravel pits often indicate glacial deposits and the Nene valley certainly has its fair share. The highest points are __________ Hill, __________ Hill, and ________ Hill. This high land is the source of several important rivers. The Welland, Nene and Ouse all flow _______________ to the Wash. The Avon flows ___________ to the Severn and the Cherwell flows ___________ to join the Thames. The ________ hundred years between the end of Roman influence and the Norman Conquest saw the development of the blueprint for what we see today. The Angles used the river as routeways into the interior of Britain and many new settlements were set up along the river valleys. During the invasions by the Danes, Northamptonshire was a key defence district for the Kingdom of ____________. The Black Death from ______________ reduced the work force and small farms became more common place. The lack of labor also saw the increase in ____________ farming. With more need for land as a result of a growing population and need for land for farming, much of the forest had been cut down by Fill in the blanks to learn more about Northamptonshire

33 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 33 Answer Key Timeline Answer Key: BC 2.Palaeolithic 'Old Stone Age', from the Greek words lithos meaning stone and palaios meaning old or ancient. The Stone Age is the period when stone tools and weapons were used. It started about years ago and ended around years ago. Neolithic’ New Stone Age', from the Greek words lithos meaning stone and neos meaning new. The Stone Age is the period when stone tools and weapons were used. In Britain, the Neolithic lasted from around 4500 BC to 2300 BC. Archaeologist Someone who makes discoveries about the past by excavating and examining material evidence. 3. Bronze BC- 700 BC 5.Grave goods Special or useful objects often buried in graves to be used by the occupant in their after-life AD years 8.Thomas A Becket was King Henry II's friend and was also Lord Chancellor and then Archbishop of Canterbury AD; In conflict with King over authority of Church of England AD AD Geology, History, & Geography Activity: All rocks found in Northamptonshire are sedimentary. More than 100 million years ago, the Midlands and Southern England were under the sea. A process of submersion and uplifting recurred several times, each time a new layer of sediment was laid down. The Northamptonshire Heights are part of the great line of limestone hills that stretch from Yorkshire to the Dorset Coast. The whole of this geological zone is known as the Jurassic System. The only igneous rocks found in the county are pebbles and small boulders, which were carried here during the great Glacial periods. Much of the county is covered with rock debris deposited during the great Ice Age. It rounded off the hills where they were capped by soft rocks and shaped many river valleys. The river Nene has a very broad valley east of Northampton. This was probably caused by the enormous amount of water that was released by the melting ice. Gravel pits often indicate glacial deposits and the Nene valley certainly has its fair share. The highest points are Arbury Hill, Borough Hill, and Honey Hill. This high land is the source of several important rivers. The Welland, Nene and Ouse all flow eastwards to the Wash. The Avon flows west to the Severn and the Cherwell flows south to join the Thames. The six hundred years between the end of Roman influence and the Norman Conquest saw the development of the blueprint for what we see today. The Angles used the river as routeways into the interior of Britain and many new settlements were set up along the river valleys. During the invasions by the Danes, Northamptonshire was a key defence district for the Kingdom of Wessex. The Black Death from reduced the work force and small farms became more common place. The lack of labor also saw the increase in sheep farming. With more need for land as a result of a growing population and need for land for farming, much of the forest had been cut down by 1500.

34 Indianapolis – Northamptonshire County, UK Sister Cities Committee 34 Mayor’s Office 200 East Washington St. #2501 Indianapolis, IN Contact: Created: July An old tram (trolley) shelter in Northampton


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