Presentation on theme: "Sensation and Perception. Preassement to Sensation and Perception."— Presentation transcript:
Sensation and Perception
Preassement to Sensation and Perception
Question 1 You can see color in your peripheral vision
Question 2 Receptor cells allow you interpret what is going on your world
Question 3 Sensation refers to the process of getting information from the world to our brain.
Question 4 If you stay in a hot tub it will seem as hot as it did when you first got in it. Sensory adaptation refers to the decline in sensitivity to a constant stimuli.
Question 5 Our interpretations of the world are due to our personal sensations.
Question 6 The colored part of the eye, which is actually a ring of muscles that controls the size of the pupil, is called the iris
Question 7 The eardrum is interprets sound waves for the brain so that we can hear.
Question 8 People judge people based on what groups they belong
Question 9 On a clear, dark night we can see a candle flame 30 miles away.
Question 10 Advertisers are able to shape our buying habits through subliminal messages
Question 11 If we stare at a green square for a while and then look at a white sheet of paper, we can see red
Question 12 If we close our eyes and hold our nose, we cannot taste the difference between an apple and a raw potato.
Question 13 If required to look through a pair of glasses that turns the world upside down, we soon adapt and coordinate our movements without difficulty.
Question 14 If people are told that an infant is “David”, they are likely to see “him” as bigger and stronger that if the same infant is called “Diana.”
Question 15 Laboratory evidence clearly indicates that some people do have ESP
Our Essential Questions! Our Essential Questions! How do sensations and perceptions differ? How do the senses transform information into brain messages? What is the nature of attention?
Grab a scrap sheet of paper Write down your definition of sensation perception
Let’s brainstorm… SensationPerception
Sensation The process by which our sensory systems (eyes, ears, and other sensory organs) and nervous system receive stimuli from the environment A person’s awareness of the world
Perception The process of integrating, organizing and interpreting sensations.
Bottom-Up Processing Information processing that focuses on the raw material entering through the eyes, ears, and other organs of sensation
Top-Down Processing Top-Down Processing: expectations and experiences influence how we interpret incoming sensory information expectations and experiences influence how we interpret incoming sensory information
Sensation v Perception Complete the worksheet
The Major Senses 7 major senses Vision (most studied) Vision (most studied) Hearing Hearing Touch Touch Smell Smell Taste Taste Vestibular Vestibular Kinesthetic Kinesthetic
The Riddle of Separate Sensations Sense receptors specialized cells unique to each sense organ that respond to a particular form of sensory stimulation specialized cells unique to each sense organ that respond to a particular form of sensory stimulation
Sensory Receptors – An Example When you bite into a crisp apple, you hear the crunch, you taste the sweetness, you feel the smooth skin, you see the red, and you smell the aroma.
Receptor Cells Each of the seven senses is specifically coded to only take in one type of stimulus, whether it be light waves, sound waves, smell, taste, or touch.
What Does That Mean? Turn to your neighbor and tell them what sensation means. What is with those blasted receptor cells as well… explain what they do
Transduction The process by which a form of physical energy is converted into a coded neural signal that can be processed by the nervous system.
What is a Threshold?
Threshold An edge or a boundary Walking into the room – on one side you are in the room on the other you are outside of the room
Absolute Threshold The smallest possible strength of a stimulus that can be detected half the time.
Absolute Threshold Example (1) Taste: 1 gram of table salt in 500 liters of water – the minimum needed to taste something
Absolute Threshold (2) Vision:A candle flame on a clear night, 30 miles away – the minimum needed to see it. Doesn’t mean that you can make out what it is
Just Noticeable Difference Threshold The minimum difference that a person can detect between two stimuli 50% of the time.
Examples When you can detect the difference in volume of music When you can detect the difference in pressure on your arm
Weber’s Law The greater the magnitude of the stimulus, the larger the difference must be in order to be noticed
Weber’s Law Example If you are carrying 20 lbs. and add 5 lbs., it’s noticeable. If you are carrying 100 pounds and add 5 pounds, it may not be noticeable. You need to add 10 lbs. to 100 pounds to make it noticeable.
Weber’s Law Lab In groups of 3, follow the directions and complete the lab
Sensory Adaptation When exposed to a stimuli over a period of time there will be a diminished sensitivity to it If a stimulus is constant and unchanging, eventually a person may fail to respond to it
Example of Sensory Adaptation A hot tub – after a certain period of time no longer seems as hot
The Nature of Attention Where does attention come into play here?
Hypothetical Situation What would happen if we had no filter between sensation and perception?” Hallway example
Sensory Overload Overstimulation of the senses
Selective hearing Do you think it exists?
Selective Attention Focusing conscious awareness on a particular stimulus (sense) to the exclusion of others
Selective Attention Examples Walking down the hallway – all 5 senses are firing. What grabs your attention?
Let’s write! How do sensations and perceptions differ? How do the senses transform information into brain messages? What is attention? How much control do we have over our attention?
Time to get creative! With your partner, create a poster depicting 3 the following: Sensation Sensation Perception Perception Attention Attention Absolute sensory thresholds Absolute sensory thresholds Sensory overload Sensory overload