Presentation on theme: "ETU LIQUID WASTE MANAGEMENT LOCAL PARTNERS: LWSC, MCC, EPA, WASH CONSORTIUM INTERNATIONAL PARTNERS: ICRC UNICEF, IN CONSULTATION WITH: WHO, CDC."— Presentation transcript:
ETU LIQUID WASTE MANAGEMENT LOCAL PARTNERS: LWSC, MCC, EPA, WASH CONSORTIUM INTERNATIONAL PARTNERS: ICRC UNICEF, IN CONSULTATION WITH: WHO, CDC
ETU LIQUID WASTE MANAGEMENT THE PROBLEM STATEMENT: The national strategy: Detect and isolate Ebola cases for treatment and Prevent further infection. To this end, Government and the partners have constructed a number of Ebola Treatment Units (ETUs) and Community Care Centers (CCCs). The high volumes of infectious waste generated dictate that safety protocols for waste management be put in place. Two broad types of waste are generated from the ETUs – solid and liquid wastes. Protocols are in place for infection prevention in hospitals. UNICEF has developed a document to guide the planning of WASH packages for ETUs. The solid waste is basically segregated and disposed-off in incinerators. The biggest challenge is with the collection and disposal of the sewage, including feces, waste water from showers and laundry.
ETU LIQUID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROPOSED SOLUTION Based on research and publications on the Ebola virus and its survival rates outside the body of an infected person, a plan to safely remove and stare liquid wastes from ETUs has been jointly developed by partners in the WASH Consortium taking into account the following: The sewage from the infected person is highly contagious and must be handled with care. The virus is inactivated when exposed to temperatures between 58 o C – 60 o C for 1 hour or 75 o C for 30 minutes. The high chlorinated water used for flushing the toilet and disinfection is able to reduce the viral load in the flushed toilet.
ETU LIQUID WASTE MANAGEMENT FECAL WASTES AND SEPTIC DESIGNS AT ETUS
ETU LIQUID WASTE MANAGEMENT FECAL WASTES AND SEPTIC DESIGNS AT ETUS Sewage is stored in a septic tank or lined latrine where it can be desludged by a sewer truck. Sewage is well handled in the ETUs. The Plan aims at safe handling and management from the septic tank or lined latrine to a final disposal site. The septic tank must be located in an area outside the Red Zone and fenced to avoid unauthorized access, with clear unobstructed access. The septic tank or the lined pit must have a 4 inch PVC suction pipe with a connector inserted in it and at least 6 inches above the base of the tank, to avoid opening the manhole during the desludging process.
ETU LIQUID WASTE MANAGEMENT COLLECTION OF WASTES AT ETU-PRFOTOCOLS BASIC REQUIREMENTS FOR SAFETY Physical structuresEquipmentHuman ResourcesPersonal safety gearConsumables Changing Room with shower at Fiamah Truck disinfection area (at ETUs and Fiamah) Septic tank with 4 inch pipe inserted and capped 1 drum incinerator located at the disposal area 1 desludging truck 1 escort pickup 2 No. 200 liter Drum for 0.5% chlorine water 1 Drum of clean water 1 Backpack sprayer 2 Hand sprayers 3 Hand sanitizer 1 Basin for footbath Chemist Sewer Manager Technician Sewage truck Operator Plumbers Drivers Rubber boots Reusable hand gloves Water proof protective dress Rubber apron Safety goggles/eye shield Face mask Nose mask Safety helmet 60 liter disposable plastic waste bags (many) HTH 70%
ETU LIQUID WASTE MANAGEMENT TRAINING Overall Objective: To train cesspit emptier truck crew members to adequately handle and dispose of fecal waste from Ebola Treatment Units (ETUs) Specific Objectives: provide adequate information on EVD for cesspit emptier truck crews and personnel dealing with liquid waste; train cesspit emptier truck crews and personnel on safe use of PPE; train relevant staff to prepare various chlorine solutions and safely handle chlorine, HTH; and train cesspit emptier crews on safe transportation and disposal of liquid waste. Number of participants : 25 persons - participants will come from the following agencies: LWSC 16; N. C. Sanitors -4; Libra Inc. -4; EPA – 1 Date: 27 to 28 November 2014
ETU LIQUID WASTE MANAGEMENT COLLECTION OF WASTES AT ETU-PROTOCOLS Layout principles of the structures and physical facilities Septic tanks and holding tanks at the ETUs/CCCs All holding pits or septic tank sites should be prepared to allow easy and safe assess for the sewage and utility truck All the sites should be sealed and clearly labeled as danger zone to prevent unauthorized access Only the desludging crew and ETU supervisors are allowed access during the dislodging process All the tanks should have a suction pipe installed into it and capped, allowing easy access to suction without opening the manhole. The suction pipe should be a 4 inch with a coupler at the end and inserted at least 6 inches from the base of the septic tank Water should be connected from the ETU/CCC to the sewage area and a changing room provided Truck platform should be in concrete or gravel layer of at least 6 inches and connected to a soak pit
ETU LIQUID WASTE MANAGEMENT Transporting route LWSC will map out the approved route A contingency plan to be developed in the event of an accident during transporting The truck will be escorted by the utility vehicle Holding tank at Fiamah The digester area is fenced and secured An on-site security will be provided Changing room, shower and toilet facilities are provided Waste will be held in digester and only discharged when it has been tested ad found Ebola free
SOCIAL MOBILISATION The key partners for this program are : community dwellers of Fiamah, the Liberia Water and Sewer Corporation (LWSC), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Monrovia City Corporation (MCC), Community Development Services (CODES) United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).
TARGET GROUPS Community leaders (5 committees with 7 committee members) Youth of the surrounding communities (20 representatives) Religious groups (6 churches/ 2 mosques) Community Resident (Estimated population??)- Immediate surrounding (only 1 community) ETU Managers and staffs IMS Task force General audience / Greater Monrovia
SOCIAL MOBILISATION TARGET GROUPSWHOWHATWHENSources of verification Community leaders (5 committees with 7 committee members) MCCInitial meeting Pre meeting Weekly meeting 25/10/2014 1/12/2014 Until mid January Minutes of Meeting Pictures Youth of the surrounding communities (20 representatives) MCC CODES Initial meeting Visit of plant Weekly meeting 3 meetings in totalMinutes of Meeting Pictures Religious groups (6 churches/ 2 mosques) CODESChurch/mosque announcement Meeting 1/12/2014Minutes of Meeting Pictures Community Resident (Estimated population??)- Immediate surrounding (only 1 community) CODES LWSC UNICEF MoPW Developing message (LWSC/UNICEF) Door to Door Hygiene promotion programs Mapping the risks (road access) 1/12/2014Package of messages Door to Door reports FGD reports Hygiene kits distribution plan and PMD ETU Managers and staffsLWSC EPA WASH Cluster Contact list (WASH cluster) Request process (WASH cluster) Meetings with WASH manager (LWSC/UNICEF/WHO/EPA/ICRC) 2/12Minutes of Meeting Pictures IMS Task forceLWSC UNICEF Presentation24/11Minutes of meeting (IMS) presentation General audience / Greater Monrovia UNICEF LWSC MCC Developing message (LWSC/UNICEF) Radio Program Press release Mid december
MONITORING AND EVALUATION FRAMEWORK OJBECTIVESINDICATORSWHEREWHENWHOTOOLS Ensure that the request process is efficient and allow quick desludged % of request responding in less than 48h (working days) ETU CCCMonthly interviews of ETU managers Based on every Request EPA, MCC, UNICEF LWSC / NWSHP Committee Interviews checklist Database of the request Ensure that safety gears, usage and availability of the PPE, equipment, chorine for the staffs/workers are adequate Safety gear and equipment are available for a period of 1 month in the stock LWSC workers are using properly the safety gears and equipment LWSC office Field visitEPA, WHOChecklist to put on and take off PPE Reports on the field visits Ensuring that the SOP and safety measures are implemented in compliance with the standards during the collection process % of collection done according to the SOP based on the numbers of collection ETU CCCEvery collection Field visit EPA, LWSC, MoPW, MCC WHO,and UNICEF ETU WASH managers SOP for collection Reports on the field visits
MONITORING AND EVALUATION FRAMEWORK OJBECTIVESINDICATORSWHEREWHENWHOTOOLS Ensuring that the SOP and safety measures are implemented in compliance with the standards during the transport process % of transport / movement of sludge done according to the SOP based on the numbers of transport Transpo rt Every transport Field visit EPA, LWSC, MoPW, MCC WHO and UNICEF Log Book, interviews of the transporters, spot check, supporting team on a different vehicle to follow the trucks Ensuring that the SOP and safety measures are implemented in compliance with the standards for the final disposal (appropriate discharge procedures), safety gears and equipment properly disinfected and/or incinerated. % of discharge done according to the SOP based on the numbers of discharge Final disposal FIAMAH treatme nt Plant Every transport Field visit EPA, LWSC, MoPW, MCC WHO and UNICEF SOP for discharge procedures Spot check
MONITORING AND EVALUATION FRAMEWORK OJBECTIVESINDICATORSWHEREWHENWHOTOOLS Ensuring that feedback (satisfaction and opinion) of the community and the staff is documented and actions are taken to redress the issues % of workers satisfied % of community members received clear information regarding the Fiamah treatment plant % of request from communities responded LWSC Union Commu nity On-going / periodical feedback sessions and community members. LWSC, MCC, UNICEF, CODES Interview and FGD with the LWSC workers UNION Interview and FGD with the community Ensuring the implementation of the plan of actions # of meetings on the workplan # of plan of actions responding to the needs identified MCCOn-goingTASK Force chaired by MCC Meeting with minutes